Progress of Divertor Heat and Particle Flux Control in EAST for Advanced Steady-State Operation in the Last 10 Years View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-04-03

AUTHORS

L. Wang, G. S. Xu, J. S. Hu, K. D. Li, Q. P. Yuan, J. B. Liu, F. Ding, Y. W. Yu, Z. P. Luo, J. C. Xu, L. Y. Meng, K. Wu, B. Zhang, M. W. Chen, G. Z. Deng, X. J. Liu, Z. S. Yang, X. Liu, S. C. Liu, R. Ding, G. Z. Zuo, Z. Sun, J. H. Wu, B. Cao, Y. Zhang, Y. M. Duan, L. Zhang, X. Y. Qian, A. Li, L. Chen, M. N. Jia, H. Si, T. Y. Xia, Y. W. Sun, Y. P. Chen, Q. Li, G. N. Luo, D. M. Yao, B. J. Xiao, X. Z. Gong, X. D. Zhang, B. N. Wan, H. Q. Wang, H. Y. Guo, D. Eldon, A. M. Garofalo, Y. Liang, S. Xu, C. F. Sang, D. Z. Wang, S. Y. Dai, J. Z. Sun, H. B. Ding, R. Maingi, K. F. Gan, X. L. Zou, H. L. Du

ABSTRACT

Active control of the excessively high heat and particle fluxes on the divertor target plates is of fundamental importance to the steady state operation of tokamaks, especially for fusion reactors. A series of experiments have been carried out on this critical issue to relieve the plasma-wall interactions in the experimental advanced superconducting tokamak (EAST) in the last ten years, not only contributing to the long pulse operation of EAST itself, but also providing physical understandings and potential techniques to the next-generation devices like ITER. We have characterized the power deposition pattern and broadened the divertor footprint width effectively. The plasma-wetted area is actively handled using either 3-dimentional edge magnetic topology or advanced plasma equilibrium, thereby peak heat flux around the strike point is reduced. Active control of detachment or radiation compatible with core plasma performance has progressed significantly in very recent years, with a series of active feedback control modules developed and utilized successfully, based on the divertor physics advances with both experiments and simulation. The upper divertor of EAST was upgraded from graphite to active water-cooling ITER-like tungsten in 2014, exhibiting much enhanced heat removal capability. As for the particle exhaust including both fueling and impurity particles, in addition to wall conditioning and impurity source control, the efficiency of particle flux exhaust is optimized by making full use of the divertor closure and the plasma drifts in both scrape-off layer and divertor volume. These heat and particle exhaust advances contribute greatly to a series of EAST achievements like H-mode operation over 100 s. A brief near-term plan on the integrated control of divertor plasma-wall interactions in long-time scale will also be introduced, aiming to provide favorable divertor operation solution for ITER and CFETR. More... »

PAGES

3

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10894-021-00290-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10894-021-00290-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1136907983


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/02", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Physical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0202", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Atomic, Molecular, Nuclear, Particle and Plasma Physics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wang", 
        "givenName": "L.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01161650012.33", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01161650012.33"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Xu", 
        "givenName": "G. S.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hu", 
        "givenName": "J. S.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Li", 
        "givenName": "K. D.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Yuan", 
        "givenName": "Q. P.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Liu", 
        "givenName": "J. B.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016014146747.32", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016014146747.32"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ding", 
        "givenName": "F.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Yu", 
        "givenName": "Y. W.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Luo", 
        "givenName": "Z. P.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Xu", 
        "givenName": "J. C.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Meng", 
        "givenName": "L. Y.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wu", 
        "givenName": "K.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Zhang", 
        "givenName": "B.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Chen", 
        "givenName": "M. W.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Deng", 
        "givenName": "G. Z.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Liu", 
        "givenName": "X. J.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Yang", 
        "givenName": "Z. S.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Liu", 
        "givenName": "X.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Liu", 
        "givenName": "S. C.", 
        "id": "sg:person.015111432075.53", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015111432075.53"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ding", 
        "givenName": "R.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Zuo", 
        "givenName": "G. Z.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sun", 
        "givenName": "Z.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wu", 
        "givenName": "J. H.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Cao", 
        "givenName": "B.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Zhang", 
        "givenName": "Y.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Duan", 
        "givenName": "Y. M.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Zhang", 
        "givenName": "L.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Qian", 
        "givenName": "X. Y.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Li", 
        "givenName": "A.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Chen", 
        "givenName": "L.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Jia", 
        "givenName": "M. N.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Si", 
        "givenName": "H.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Xia", 
        "givenName": "T. Y.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sun", 
        "givenName": "Y. W.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Chen", 
        "givenName": "Y. P.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Li", 
        "givenName": "Q.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Luo", 
        "givenName": "G. N.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Yao", 
        "givenName": "D. M.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Xiao", 
        "givenName": "B. J.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gong", 
        "givenName": "X. Z.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Zhang", 
        "givenName": "X. D.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.467844.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wan", 
        "givenName": "B. N.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "General Atomics, PO Box 85608, 92186, San Diego, CA, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.192673.8", 
          "name": [
            "General Atomics, PO Box 85608, 92186, San Diego, CA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wang", 
        "givenName": "H. Q.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "General Atomics, PO Box 85608, 92186, San Diego, CA, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.192673.8", 
          "name": [
            "General Atomics, PO Box 85608, 92186, San Diego, CA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Guo", 
        "givenName": "H. Y.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "General Atomics, PO Box 85608, 92186, San Diego, CA, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.192673.8", 
          "name": [
            "General Atomics, PO Box 85608, 92186, San Diego, CA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Eldon", 
        "givenName": "D.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01267255712.36", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01267255712.36"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "General Atomics, PO Box 85608, 92186, San Diego, CA, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.192673.8", 
          "name": [
            "General Atomics, PO Box 85608, 92186, San Diego, CA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Garofalo", 
        "givenName": "A. M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01103750227.42", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01103750227.42"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Forschungszentrum J\u00fclich GmbH, Institut f\u00fcr Energie\u2013und Klimaforschung-Plasmaphysik, Partner of the Trilateral Euregio Cluster (TEC), 52425, J\u00fclich, Germany", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8385.6", 
          "name": [
            "Forschungszentrum J\u00fclich GmbH, Institut f\u00fcr Energie\u2013und Klimaforschung-Plasmaphysik, Partner of the Trilateral Euregio Cluster (TEC), 52425, J\u00fclich, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Liang", 
        "givenName": "Y.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Forschungszentrum J\u00fclich GmbH, Institut f\u00fcr Energie\u2013und Klimaforschung-Plasmaphysik, Partner of the Trilateral Euregio Cluster (TEC), 52425, J\u00fclich, Germany", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8385.6", 
          "name": [
            "Forschungszentrum J\u00fclich GmbH, Institut f\u00fcr Energie\u2013und Klimaforschung-Plasmaphysik, Partner of the Trilateral Euregio Cluster (TEC), 52425, J\u00fclich, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Xu", 
        "givenName": "S.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Dalian University of Technology, 116024, Dalian, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.30055.33", 
          "name": [
            "Dalian University of Technology, 116024, Dalian, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sang", 
        "givenName": "C. F.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Dalian University of Technology, 116024, Dalian, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.30055.33", 
          "name": [
            "Dalian University of Technology, 116024, Dalian, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wang", 
        "givenName": "D. Z.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Dalian University of Technology, 116024, Dalian, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.30055.33", 
          "name": [
            "Dalian University of Technology, 116024, Dalian, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Dai", 
        "givenName": "S. Y.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Dalian University of Technology, 116024, Dalian, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.30055.33", 
          "name": [
            "Dalian University of Technology, 116024, Dalian, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sun", 
        "givenName": "J. Z.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Dalian University of Technology, 116024, Dalian, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.30055.33", 
          "name": [
            "Dalian University of Technology, 116024, Dalian, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ding", 
        "givenName": "H. B.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, 08543, Princeton, NJ, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.451320.1", 
          "name": [
            "Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, 08543, Princeton, NJ, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Maingi", 
        "givenName": "R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0611770052.96", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0611770052.96"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, 08543, Princeton, NJ, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.451320.1", 
          "name": [
            "Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, 08543, Princeton, NJ, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gan", 
        "givenName": "K. F.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "IRFM, 13108, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.457341.0", 
          "name": [
            "IRFM, 13108, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Zou", 
        "givenName": "X. L.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Southwestern Institute of Physics, 610041, Chengdu, People\u2019s Republic of China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464431.0", 
          "name": [
            "Southwestern Institute of Physics, 610041, Chengdu, People\u2019s Republic of China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Du", 
        "givenName": "H. L.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2795", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043851173", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys2795"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41567-018-0268-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106837355", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-018-0268-8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphys312", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047706625", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys312"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.3938/jkps.73.712", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107139062", 
          "https://doi.org/10.3938/jkps.73.712"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2021-04-03", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2021-04-03", 
    "description": "Active control of the excessively high heat and particle fluxes on the divertor target plates is of fundamental importance to the steady state operation of tokamaks, especially for fusion reactors. A series of experiments have been carried out on this critical issue to relieve the plasma-wall interactions in the experimental advanced superconducting tokamak (EAST) in the last ten years, not only contributing to the long pulse operation of EAST itself, but also providing physical understandings and potential techniques to the next-generation devices like ITER. We have characterized the power deposition pattern and broadened the divertor footprint width effectively. The plasma-wetted area is actively handled using either 3-dimentional edge magnetic topology or advanced plasma equilibrium, thereby peak heat flux around the strike point is reduced. Active control of detachment or radiation compatible with core plasma performance has progressed significantly in very recent years, with a series of active feedback control modules developed and utilized successfully, based on the divertor physics advances with both experiments and simulation. The upper divertor of EAST was upgraded from graphite to active water-cooling ITER-like tungsten in 2014, exhibiting much enhanced heat removal capability. As for the particle exhaust including both fueling and impurity particles, in addition to wall conditioning and impurity source control, the efficiency of particle flux exhaust is optimized by making full use of the divertor closure and the plasma drifts in both scrape-off layer and divertor volume. These heat and particle exhaust advances contribute greatly to a series of EAST achievements like H-mode operation over 100\u00a0s. A brief near-term plan on the integrated control of divertor plasma-wall interactions in long-time scale will also be introduced, aiming to provide favorable divertor operation solution for ITER and CFETR.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10894-021-00290-9", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.8897673", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.8897830", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1136717", 
        "issn": [
          "0164-0313", 
          "1572-9591"
        ], 
        "name": "Journal of Fusion Energy", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "40"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "plasma-wall interaction", 
      "advanced steady-state operation", 
      "steady-state operation", 
      "core plasma performance", 
      "H-mode operation", 
      "long pulse operation", 
      "edge magnetic topology", 
      "plasma-wetted area", 
      "divertor target plates", 
      "particle exhaust", 
      "next-generation devices", 
      "plasma equilibrium", 
      "divertor physics", 
      "plasma performance", 
      "magnetic topology", 
      "divertor closure", 
      "divertor heat", 
      "pulse operation", 
      "wall conditioning", 
      "particle flux", 
      "heat removal capability", 
      "active control", 
      "divertor volume", 
      "peak heat flux", 
      "fusion reactors", 
      "near-term plans", 
      "upper divertor", 
      "power deposition patterns", 
      "footprint width", 
      "impurity particles", 
      "long time scales", 
      "tokamak", 
      "strike point", 
      "feedback control module", 
      "physical understanding", 
      "state operation", 
      "heat flux", 
      "removal capability", 
      "ITER", 
      "high heat", 
      "target plate", 
      "operation solutions", 
      "flux control", 
      "control module", 
      "heat", 
      "exhaust", 
      "physics", 
      "series of experiments", 
      "divertor", 
      "integrated control", 
      "fundamental importance", 
      "scrape", 
      "flux", 
      "operation", 
      "deposition patterns", 
      "potential technique", 
      "CFETR", 
      "radiation", 
      "fueling", 
      "plasma", 
      "critical issue", 
      "full use", 
      "reactor", 
      "width", 
      "tungsten", 
      "particles", 
      "topology", 
      "source control", 
      "graphite", 
      "interaction", 
      "experiments", 
      "devices", 
      "layer", 
      "simulations", 
      "solution", 
      "plate", 
      "efficiency", 
      "equilibrium", 
      "performance", 
      "capability", 
      "module", 
      "control", 
      "recent years", 
      "point", 
      "technique", 
      "series", 
      "conditioning", 
      "volume", 
      "scale", 
      "progress", 
      "addition", 
      "area", 
      "detachment", 
      "use", 
      "issues", 
      "advances", 
      "understanding", 
      "closure", 
      "importance", 
      "plan", 
      "achievement", 
      "East", 
      "patterns", 
      "years"
    ], 
    "name": "Progress of Divertor Heat and Particle Flux Control in EAST for Advanced Steady-State Operation in the Last 10 Years", 
    "pagination": "3", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1136907983"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s10894-021-00290-9"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10894-021-00290-9", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1136907983"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-05-20T07:37", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220519/entities/gbq_results/article/article_889.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10894-021-00290-9"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10894-021-00290-9'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10894-021-00290-9'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10894-021-00290-9'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10894-021-00290-9'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

541 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      133 URIs      121 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10894-021-00290-9 schema:about anzsrc-for:02
2 anzsrc-for:0202
3 schema:author N0a87b8dc1a1b44b0852a4b5951600f08
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2795
5 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys312
6 sg:pub.10.1038/s41567-018-0268-8
7 sg:pub.10.3938/jkps.73.712
8 schema:datePublished 2021-04-03
9 schema:datePublishedReg 2021-04-03
10 schema:description Active control of the excessively high heat and particle fluxes on the divertor target plates is of fundamental importance to the steady state operation of tokamaks, especially for fusion reactors. A series of experiments have been carried out on this critical issue to relieve the plasma-wall interactions in the experimental advanced superconducting tokamak (EAST) in the last ten years, not only contributing to the long pulse operation of EAST itself, but also providing physical understandings and potential techniques to the next-generation devices like ITER. We have characterized the power deposition pattern and broadened the divertor footprint width effectively. The plasma-wetted area is actively handled using either 3-dimentional edge magnetic topology or advanced plasma equilibrium, thereby peak heat flux around the strike point is reduced. Active control of detachment or radiation compatible with core plasma performance has progressed significantly in very recent years, with a series of active feedback control modules developed and utilized successfully, based on the divertor physics advances with both experiments and simulation. The upper divertor of EAST was upgraded from graphite to active water-cooling ITER-like tungsten in 2014, exhibiting much enhanced heat removal capability. As for the particle exhaust including both fueling and impurity particles, in addition to wall conditioning and impurity source control, the efficiency of particle flux exhaust is optimized by making full use of the divertor closure and the plasma drifts in both scrape-off layer and divertor volume. These heat and particle exhaust advances contribute greatly to a series of EAST achievements like H-mode operation over 100 s. A brief near-term plan on the integrated control of divertor plasma-wall interactions in long-time scale will also be introduced, aiming to provide favorable divertor operation solution for ITER and CFETR.
11 schema:genre article
12 schema:inLanguage en
13 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
14 schema:isPartOf N4791c04e42334805b8f1a74011339001
15 Nb277db0db7e2404686ea9d91dfd31f5d
16 sg:journal.1136717
17 schema:keywords CFETR
18 East
19 H-mode operation
20 ITER
21 achievement
22 active control
23 addition
24 advanced steady-state operation
25 advances
26 area
27 capability
28 closure
29 conditioning
30 control
31 control module
32 core plasma performance
33 critical issue
34 deposition patterns
35 detachment
36 devices
37 divertor
38 divertor closure
39 divertor heat
40 divertor physics
41 divertor target plates
42 divertor volume
43 edge magnetic topology
44 efficiency
45 equilibrium
46 exhaust
47 experiments
48 feedback control module
49 flux
50 flux control
51 footprint width
52 fueling
53 full use
54 fundamental importance
55 fusion reactors
56 graphite
57 heat
58 heat flux
59 heat removal capability
60 high heat
61 importance
62 impurity particles
63 integrated control
64 interaction
65 issues
66 layer
67 long pulse operation
68 long time scales
69 magnetic topology
70 module
71 near-term plans
72 next-generation devices
73 operation
74 operation solutions
75 particle exhaust
76 particle flux
77 particles
78 patterns
79 peak heat flux
80 performance
81 physical understanding
82 physics
83 plan
84 plasma
85 plasma equilibrium
86 plasma performance
87 plasma-wall interaction
88 plasma-wetted area
89 plate
90 point
91 potential technique
92 power deposition patterns
93 progress
94 pulse operation
95 radiation
96 reactor
97 recent years
98 removal capability
99 scale
100 scrape
101 series
102 series of experiments
103 simulations
104 solution
105 source control
106 state operation
107 steady-state operation
108 strike point
109 target plate
110 technique
111 tokamak
112 topology
113 tungsten
114 understanding
115 upper divertor
116 use
117 volume
118 wall conditioning
119 width
120 years
121 schema:name Progress of Divertor Heat and Particle Flux Control in EAST for Advanced Steady-State Operation in the Last 10 Years
122 schema:pagination 3
123 schema:productId N1e919a37da304bd6a1f4c30d52636d02
124 N2ece95cf508f4b25a3b18391e0065bfe
125 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1136907983
126 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10894-021-00290-9
127 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-05-20T07:37
128 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
129 schema:sdPublisher N9d0ea218f0a14f12ba0051f4bfeb191d
130 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s10894-021-00290-9
131 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
132 sgo:sdDataset articles
133 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
134 N0049c53110ea4db48368956495ccb80e rdf:first Nd5664822c93a4e288008f4b50a30afd0
135 rdf:rest Ncd8662fa0ca94c99a73323d32e2b2df8
136 N029c0b2fa22d454883cb07b3c43c234a rdf:first N8ed98fa19a7d4fd5967e01ecc12a7e80
137 rdf:rest N5585c84abb3348d1a1d5880d26f27e8a
138 N038ab88086af47ad951c3cee3e2c3a73 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
139 schema:familyName Deng
140 schema:givenName G. Z.
141 rdf:type schema:Person
142 N048f319886754da68530ef7da2a0f139 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
143 schema:familyName Zhang
144 schema:givenName B.
145 rdf:type schema:Person
146 N0511909dfdd343028515b5e2cf269014 rdf:first sg:person.0611770052.96
147 rdf:rest Ne7d72ef2a0704ee0a87bda6c72f4d6a3
148 N0a87b8dc1a1b44b0852a4b5951600f08 rdf:first sg:person.01161650012.33
149 rdf:rest N211417e0568340a1b506c1d1ecf0fa52
150 N0e29dd353490436a8f8e723dde87c290 rdf:first Nbe846b6977a84a739ca1f9db4057c093
151 rdf:rest N0049c53110ea4db48368956495ccb80e
152 N10046bb46ff3423eb7882ad1f604fc21 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
153 schema:familyName Ding
154 schema:givenName F.
155 rdf:type schema:Person
156 N11775d8e4b624483ba89f054a02081c1 rdf:first N74868a9471f94e76be98302c50cc7c30
157 rdf:rest N96b720395343464b87bcd5eae08938d4
158 N120091d2078b435daf0f67b9da7a7d13 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
159 schema:familyName Xiao
160 schema:givenName B. J.
161 rdf:type schema:Person
162 N17d38405fcb84360b550817039acf841 rdf:first Nbc0e6c56a0ce4656b9c82dc483ba77d0
163 rdf:rest N8740631ddf874306b91f45a03ae77c22
164 N1a27deea09be40cc9f2d4336c6edf84c rdf:first sg:person.01267255712.36
165 rdf:rest N53ece80ae20d482c981fa64a2be498ec
166 N1c1cb8e86a564339add4290875458869 rdf:first Naa1f47a44d76449fa78c42ca6294730a
167 rdf:rest N7795592009e0429b8748110ae5b4f271
168 N1d04105789f44d628f32605d7e50e8c7 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.30055.33
169 schema:familyName Sun
170 schema:givenName J. Z.
171 rdf:type schema:Person
172 N1e919a37da304bd6a1f4c30d52636d02 schema:name dimensions_id
173 schema:value pub.1136907983
174 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
175 N1ef183431c8444908e2ac34824f5c1b1 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
176 schema:familyName Li
177 schema:givenName K. D.
178 rdf:type schema:Person
179 N1fbbc4ca0aa642d3a70fe19cca7c8964 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
180 schema:familyName Hu
181 schema:givenName J. S.
182 rdf:type schema:Person
183 N211417e0568340a1b506c1d1ecf0fa52 rdf:first N6649fb0d30e046bfbb1d1851aa556678
184 rdf:rest Nfb81f6e980ee42f9b05392229b47d580
185 N2d2d5f83d0f04f78a16227534ded5dbb schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
186 schema:familyName Qian
187 schema:givenName X. Y.
188 rdf:type schema:Person
189 N2ece95cf508f4b25a3b18391e0065bfe schema:name doi
190 schema:value 10.1007/s10894-021-00290-9
191 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
192 N2ed3c8b694cd4377a58ae495ebaf5e73 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.192673.8
193 schema:familyName Guo
194 schema:givenName H. Y.
195 rdf:type schema:Person
196 N3486a954520a447da7f8a03f6686964f schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
197 schema:familyName Si
198 schema:givenName H.
199 rdf:type schema:Person
200 N37b732015d0146c7b3e84ec72bc4af3f rdf:first N8761e4894a5a423095882f52f230187b
201 rdf:rest N560e136446854a8cb597d98773659147
202 N390fe17840da4443959cd19ce8370b99 rdf:first Ncd770ddc15444731949c9f65e306480a
203 rdf:rest Nc45ae265bd884fee80197d530dbce5bf
204 N3ce3a2488a6f439c972dc8a5ccb9bbd6 rdf:first N7b28dcba1d9b449e98532124d2f3627d
205 rdf:rest N867c9fb73cf14a11b8294b9ceb9215f4
206 N3e5d007cee034ff4af25be2396d4dbfe schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
207 schema:familyName Xia
208 schema:givenName T. Y.
209 rdf:type schema:Person
210 N3e71721564cc46978460db80874011e2 rdf:first Ne8eef46828784dbb80d46fbd7af8140c
211 rdf:rest Na403e7f5643d49448dd131727336420d
212 N4791c04e42334805b8f1a74011339001 schema:volumeNumber 40
213 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
214 N49b646de6ee54400b53c01bb8b8e33e0 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
215 schema:familyName Xu
216 schema:givenName J. C.
217 rdf:type schema:Person
218 N4c6a71f53b774bfaaeae39a45f15d46f schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.8385.6
219 schema:familyName Xu
220 schema:givenName S.
221 rdf:type schema:Person
222 N51dc81cd1e70400aa2dac7f058ec948f schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
223 schema:familyName Zhang
224 schema:givenName X. D.
225 rdf:type schema:Person
226 N53ece80ae20d482c981fa64a2be498ec rdf:first sg:person.01103750227.42
227 rdf:rest N68342244b1014489a156dc4f96e4d38c
228 N5585c84abb3348d1a1d5880d26f27e8a rdf:first Nebe4a4ee94c745048e43815594f4bbe9
229 rdf:rest Ne7d09ca126584483bf0149d29fadc7c9
230 N560e136446854a8cb597d98773659147 rdf:first N49b646de6ee54400b53c01bb8b8e33e0
231 rdf:rest N3e71721564cc46978460db80874011e2
232 N564fcaefb2cd4b1e831e1b6d67bc45ff rdf:first Na7bf9a643c364228bb2a00a6e812723f
233 rdf:rest Na9e59a22c6784b9ca4f1df59bfe537eb
234 N5bd0552534f54e439a9187cafbe340cc rdf:first N2ed3c8b694cd4377a58ae495ebaf5e73
235 rdf:rest N1a27deea09be40cc9f2d4336c6edf84c
236 N5c52c0f813a04ef6b8ffc274007172ae rdf:first N2d2d5f83d0f04f78a16227534ded5dbb
237 rdf:rest N972c4a3e47df4115ac77acc522a6abfb
238 N6649fb0d30e046bfbb1d1851aa556678 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
239 schema:familyName Xu
240 schema:givenName G. S.
241 rdf:type schema:Person
242 N68342244b1014489a156dc4f96e4d38c rdf:first Nc977493d624e4928b593a225c601ede4
243 rdf:rest Nab55216273b34fff892fbe4a9d3f1eef
244 N6839d732259f481c81a86d2225fcc816 rdf:first N879140da4cd64efb8f9edc77e237302f
245 rdf:rest Nfb3c3c017e074c1494c47957111ba971
246 N687eb23a9d35448e925d764a26864d55 rdf:first Nb1068696b9aa46c29114bc11f68c4fec
247 rdf:rest Nb689e4d01f934484b0a68f5bf569873f
248 N6959bc073354411a96323b0ca7e283d0 rdf:first Nfa7894126d9f4f60b7e113f33b017821
249 rdf:rest N11775d8e4b624483ba89f054a02081c1
250 N69908d76f65940b898c210d06d7f01d0 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.464431.0
251 schema:familyName Du
252 schema:givenName H. L.
253 rdf:type schema:Person
254 N6b22ea34d71543adac8824109211905f rdf:first N038ab88086af47ad951c3cee3e2c3a73
255 rdf:rest Ndc6364c7cca64a3fbbaca26fe5b6004c
256 N734603b4614c4ef388333ca71391c894 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.451320.1
257 schema:familyName Gan
258 schema:givenName K. F.
259 rdf:type schema:Person
260 N734e7b8b9bde4e5f8047dae86484cb34 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
261 schema:familyName Duan
262 schema:givenName Y. M.
263 rdf:type schema:Person
264 N74868a9471f94e76be98302c50cc7c30 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
265 schema:familyName Liu
266 schema:givenName X.
267 rdf:type schema:Person
268 N7795592009e0429b8748110ae5b4f271 rdf:first N120091d2078b435daf0f67b9da7a7d13
269 rdf:rest N877b2edbb4834489a5d780a9475c5d86
270 N7b28dcba1d9b449e98532124d2f3627d schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
271 schema:familyName Ding
272 schema:givenName R.
273 rdf:type schema:Person
274 N7e342f5191cc45c3ae43cb3ec7f2c16f schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
275 schema:familyName Wu
276 schema:givenName J. H.
277 rdf:type schema:Person
278 N815c99cc24a9418baa8b83b77c26d5c4 rdf:first N96149ae202d044e8bb49d24dbb7d0702
279 rdf:rest Nc70262a8836b461ab5f7c564d0fd554b
280 N867c9fb73cf14a11b8294b9ceb9215f4 rdf:first Ndbfbb73ab1834273a6b43974d5d56ac6
281 rdf:rest N17d38405fcb84360b550817039acf841
282 N8740631ddf874306b91f45a03ae77c22 rdf:first N7e342f5191cc45c3ae43cb3ec7f2c16f
283 rdf:rest Nda736f45fe654b13a38d8878e8389951
284 N8761e4894a5a423095882f52f230187b schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
285 schema:familyName Luo
286 schema:givenName Z. P.
287 rdf:type schema:Person
288 N877b2edbb4834489a5d780a9475c5d86 rdf:first Nec6e54d47ddb485cad88d15977f5a566
289 rdf:rest N9356ac9a2e904405b2781a7b3726d2dd
290 N879140da4cd64efb8f9edc77e237302f schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
291 schema:familyName Wan
292 schema:givenName B. N.
293 rdf:type schema:Person
294 N8ed98fa19a7d4fd5967e01ecc12a7e80 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.30055.33
295 schema:familyName Wang
296 schema:givenName D. Z.
297 rdf:type schema:Person
298 N9221d3bf673648899860b0590ce65b27 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
299 schema:familyName Liu
300 schema:givenName X. J.
301 rdf:type schema:Person
302 N9356ac9a2e904405b2781a7b3726d2dd rdf:first N51dc81cd1e70400aa2dac7f058ec948f
303 rdf:rest N6839d732259f481c81a86d2225fcc816
304 N935c416df9bd495bb1b5ea7e309d487d schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
305 schema:familyName Luo
306 schema:givenName G. N.
307 rdf:type schema:Person
308 N947bb09fc02a451ca259c9372551d7f1 rdf:first N1ef183431c8444908e2ac34824f5c1b1
309 rdf:rest N687eb23a9d35448e925d764a26864d55
310 N96149ae202d044e8bb49d24dbb7d0702 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
311 schema:familyName Li
312 schema:givenName Q.
313 rdf:type schema:Person
314 N96b720395343464b87bcd5eae08938d4 rdf:first sg:person.015111432075.53
315 rdf:rest N3ce3a2488a6f439c972dc8a5ccb9bbd6
316 N972c4a3e47df4115ac77acc522a6abfb rdf:first Ndd46a4fd8f284ba389be933a4312a9f5
317 rdf:rest N0e29dd353490436a8f8e723dde87c290
318 N9d0ea218f0a14f12ba0051f4bfeb191d schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
319 rdf:type schema:Organization
320 Na403e7f5643d49448dd131727336420d rdf:first Ndc29b25e0f10490698b2ae40c3c2abf1
321 rdf:rest Nb97f53329cb04f2091c6c05bdda9d788
322 Na7513a3b77b14cc4be9bbec729efd0a9 rdf:first N3e5d007cee034ff4af25be2396d4dbfe
323 rdf:rest N564fcaefb2cd4b1e831e1b6d67bc45ff
324 Na7bf9a643c364228bb2a00a6e812723f schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
325 schema:familyName Sun
326 schema:givenName Y. W.
327 rdf:type schema:Person
328 Na9e59a22c6784b9ca4f1df59bfe537eb rdf:first Nb58c9650490c44949d1819615e3ddade
329 rdf:rest N815c99cc24a9418baa8b83b77c26d5c4
330 Naa1f47a44d76449fa78c42ca6294730a schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
331 schema:familyName Yao
332 schema:givenName D. M.
333 rdf:type schema:Person
334 Nab55216273b34fff892fbe4a9d3f1eef rdf:first N4c6a71f53b774bfaaeae39a45f15d46f
335 rdf:rest Nd7c9703de3f744c2a7be16ad020acbd8
336 Nadfe4128d5144763acf792c2adaad00e schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.192673.8
337 schema:familyName Wang
338 schema:givenName H. Q.
339 rdf:type schema:Person
340 Nb1036a6542b0455997515fad8e2e2328 rdf:first Nc7835ebd37c540b595fad4bd190a890e
341 rdf:rest Nf4db3df312d846eba14b512bf3627beb
342 Nb1068696b9aa46c29114bc11f68c4fec schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
343 schema:familyName Yuan
344 schema:givenName Q. P.
345 rdf:type schema:Person
346 Nb277db0db7e2404686ea9d91dfd31f5d schema:issueNumber 1
347 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
348 Nb58c9650490c44949d1819615e3ddade schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
349 schema:familyName Chen
350 schema:givenName Y. P.
351 rdf:type schema:Person
352 Nb689e4d01f934484b0a68f5bf569873f rdf:first sg:person.016014146747.32
353 rdf:rest Nde9dd79a7a1d4930bbb560841e8b9fa9
354 Nb97f53329cb04f2091c6c05bdda9d788 rdf:first N048f319886754da68530ef7da2a0f139
355 rdf:rest Ncd0455023fe54cde842774b76c03d72d
356 Nbc0e6c56a0ce4656b9c82dc483ba77d0 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
357 schema:familyName Sun
358 schema:givenName Z.
359 rdf:type schema:Person
360 Nbe846b6977a84a739ca1f9db4057c093 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
361 schema:familyName Chen
362 schema:givenName L.
363 rdf:type schema:Person
364 Nbf9b32e678454ba6a76dfdf48d3b4344 rdf:first Neca136c83ac74b0089bc7f18db7d2697
365 rdf:rest N0511909dfdd343028515b5e2cf269014
366 Nc45ae265bd884fee80197d530dbce5bf rdf:first N69908d76f65940b898c210d06d7f01d0
367 rdf:rest rdf:nil
368 Nc70262a8836b461ab5f7c564d0fd554b rdf:first N935c416df9bd495bb1b5ea7e309d487d
369 rdf:rest N1c1cb8e86a564339add4290875458869
370 Nc7835ebd37c540b595fad4bd190a890e schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
371 schema:familyName Zhang
372 schema:givenName Y.
373 rdf:type schema:Person
374 Nc977493d624e4928b593a225c601ede4 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.8385.6
375 schema:familyName Liang
376 schema:givenName Y.
377 rdf:type schema:Person
378 Ncd0455023fe54cde842774b76c03d72d rdf:first Ne385a904245f4c3c960e310d6e3fc516
379 rdf:rest N6b22ea34d71543adac8824109211905f
380 Ncd770ddc15444731949c9f65e306480a schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.457341.0
381 schema:familyName Zou
382 schema:givenName X. L.
383 rdf:type schema:Person
384 Ncd8662fa0ca94c99a73323d32e2b2df8 rdf:first N3486a954520a447da7f8a03f6686964f
385 rdf:rest Na7513a3b77b14cc4be9bbec729efd0a9
386 Ncd8f4b8105694d91a3935e28d68acd7d rdf:first Nddd9cf7fdb5948d5ab84105043c6e496
387 rdf:rest N5c52c0f813a04ef6b8ffc274007172ae
388 Ncf824c7a8119493498a3df6c6388e50f schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.30055.33
389 schema:familyName Sang
390 schema:givenName C. F.
391 rdf:type schema:Person
392 Nd5664822c93a4e288008f4b50a30afd0 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
393 schema:familyName Jia
394 schema:givenName M. N.
395 rdf:type schema:Person
396 Nd7c9703de3f744c2a7be16ad020acbd8 rdf:first Ncf824c7a8119493498a3df6c6388e50f
397 rdf:rest N029c0b2fa22d454883cb07b3c43c234a
398 Nda736f45fe654b13a38d8878e8389951 rdf:first Nf538404986024a6faa95af8f5bc10846
399 rdf:rest Nb1036a6542b0455997515fad8e2e2328
400 Ndbfbb73ab1834273a6b43974d5d56ac6 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
401 schema:familyName Zuo
402 schema:givenName G. Z.
403 rdf:type schema:Person
404 Ndc29b25e0f10490698b2ae40c3c2abf1 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
405 schema:familyName Wu
406 schema:givenName K.
407 rdf:type schema:Person
408 Ndc6364c7cca64a3fbbaca26fe5b6004c rdf:first N9221d3bf673648899860b0590ce65b27
409 rdf:rest N6959bc073354411a96323b0ca7e283d0
410 Ndd46a4fd8f284ba389be933a4312a9f5 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
411 schema:familyName Li
412 schema:givenName A.
413 rdf:type schema:Person
414 Nddcecbfcb32b414f802af38469f11f44 rdf:first Ne74130fd6fe54988af0932498b09dc54
415 rdf:rest N37b732015d0146c7b3e84ec72bc4af3f
416 Nddd9cf7fdb5948d5ab84105043c6e496 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
417 schema:familyName Zhang
418 schema:givenName L.
419 rdf:type schema:Person
420 Nde9dd79a7a1d4930bbb560841e8b9fa9 rdf:first N10046bb46ff3423eb7882ad1f604fc21
421 rdf:rest Nddcecbfcb32b414f802af38469f11f44
422 Ne385a904245f4c3c960e310d6e3fc516 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
423 schema:familyName Chen
424 schema:givenName M. W.
425 rdf:type schema:Person
426 Ne74130fd6fe54988af0932498b09dc54 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
427 schema:familyName Yu
428 schema:givenName Y. W.
429 rdf:type schema:Person
430 Ne7d09ca126584483bf0149d29fadc7c9 rdf:first N1d04105789f44d628f32605d7e50e8c7
431 rdf:rest Nbf9b32e678454ba6a76dfdf48d3b4344
432 Ne7d72ef2a0704ee0a87bda6c72f4d6a3 rdf:first N734603b4614c4ef388333ca71391c894
433 rdf:rest N390fe17840da4443959cd19ce8370b99
434 Ne8eef46828784dbb80d46fbd7af8140c schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
435 schema:familyName Meng
436 schema:givenName L. Y.
437 rdf:type schema:Person
438 Nebe4a4ee94c745048e43815594f4bbe9 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.30055.33
439 schema:familyName Dai
440 schema:givenName S. Y.
441 rdf:type schema:Person
442 Nec6e54d47ddb485cad88d15977f5a566 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
443 schema:familyName Gong
444 schema:givenName X. Z.
445 rdf:type schema:Person
446 Neca136c83ac74b0089bc7f18db7d2697 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.30055.33
447 schema:familyName Ding
448 schema:givenName H. B.
449 rdf:type schema:Person
450 Nf4db3df312d846eba14b512bf3627beb rdf:first N734e7b8b9bde4e5f8047dae86484cb34
451 rdf:rest Ncd8f4b8105694d91a3935e28d68acd7d
452 Nf538404986024a6faa95af8f5bc10846 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
453 schema:familyName Cao
454 schema:givenName B.
455 rdf:type schema:Person
456 Nfa7894126d9f4f60b7e113f33b017821 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
457 schema:familyName Yang
458 schema:givenName Z. S.
459 rdf:type schema:Person
460 Nfb3c3c017e074c1494c47957111ba971 rdf:first Nadfe4128d5144763acf792c2adaad00e
461 rdf:rest N5bd0552534f54e439a9187cafbe340cc
462 Nfb81f6e980ee42f9b05392229b47d580 rdf:first N1fbbc4ca0aa642d3a70fe19cca7c8964
463 rdf:rest N947bb09fc02a451ca259c9372551d7f1
464 anzsrc-for:02 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
465 schema:name Physical Sciences
466 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
467 anzsrc-for:0202 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
468 schema:name Atomic, Molecular, Nuclear, Particle and Plasma Physics
469 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
470 sg:grant.8897673 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s10894-021-00290-9
471 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
472 sg:grant.8897830 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s10894-021-00290-9
473 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
474 sg:journal.1136717 schema:issn 0164-0313
475 1572-9591
476 schema:name Journal of Fusion Energy
477 schema:publisher Springer Nature
478 rdf:type schema:Periodical
479 sg:person.01103750227.42 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.192673.8
480 schema:familyName Garofalo
481 schema:givenName A. M.
482 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01103750227.42
483 rdf:type schema:Person
484 sg:person.01161650012.33 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
485 schema:familyName Wang
486 schema:givenName L.
487 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01161650012.33
488 rdf:type schema:Person
489 sg:person.01267255712.36 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.192673.8
490 schema:familyName Eldon
491 schema:givenName D.
492 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01267255712.36
493 rdf:type schema:Person
494 sg:person.015111432075.53 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
495 schema:familyName Liu
496 schema:givenName S. C.
497 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015111432075.53
498 rdf:type schema:Person
499 sg:person.016014146747.32 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.467844.d
500 schema:familyName Liu
501 schema:givenName J. B.
502 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016014146747.32
503 rdf:type schema:Person
504 sg:person.0611770052.96 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.451320.1
505 schema:familyName Maingi
506 schema:givenName R.
507 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0611770052.96
508 rdf:type schema:Person
509 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2795 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043851173
510 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys2795
511 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
512 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys312 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047706625
513 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys312
514 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
515 sg:pub.10.1038/s41567-018-0268-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106837355
516 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-018-0268-8
517 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
518 sg:pub.10.3938/jkps.73.712 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107139062
519 https://doi.org/10.3938/jkps.73.712
520 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
521 grid-institutes:grid.192673.8 schema:alternateName General Atomics, PO Box 85608, 92186, San Diego, CA, USA
522 schema:name General Atomics, PO Box 85608, 92186, San Diego, CA, USA
523 rdf:type schema:Organization
524 grid-institutes:grid.30055.33 schema:alternateName Dalian University of Technology, 116024, Dalian, China
525 schema:name Dalian University of Technology, 116024, Dalian, China
526 rdf:type schema:Organization
527 grid-institutes:grid.451320.1 schema:alternateName Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, 08543, Princeton, NJ, USA
528 schema:name Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, 08543, Princeton, NJ, USA
529 rdf:type schema:Organization
530 grid-institutes:grid.457341.0 schema:alternateName IRFM, 13108, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France
531 schema:name IRFM, 13108, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France
532 rdf:type schema:Organization
533 grid-institutes:grid.464431.0 schema:alternateName Southwestern Institute of Physics, 610041, Chengdu, People’s Republic of China
534 schema:name Southwestern Institute of Physics, 610041, Chengdu, People’s Republic of China
535 rdf:type schema:Organization
536 grid-institutes:grid.467844.d schema:alternateName Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China
537 schema:name Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 230031, Hefei, China
538 rdf:type schema:Organization
539 grid-institutes:grid.8385.6 schema:alternateName Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Institut für Energie–und Klimaforschung-Plasmaphysik, Partner of the Trilateral Euregio Cluster (TEC), 52425, Jülich, Germany
540 schema:name Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Institut für Energie–und Klimaforschung-Plasmaphysik, Partner of the Trilateral Euregio Cluster (TEC), 52425, Jülich, Germany
541 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...