Inequality in an OLG economy with heterogeneous cohorts and pension systems View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Joanna Tyrowicz, Krzysztof Makarski, Marcin Bielecki

ABSTRACT

We analyze the consumption and wealth inequality in an OLG model with mandatory pension systems. Our framework features within-cohort heterogeneity of endowments and heterogeneity of preferences. We allow for population aging and gradual decline in TFP growth. We show four main results. First, increasing longevity translates to substantial increases in aggregate consumption inequality and wealth inequality. Second, a pension system reform from a defined benefit to a defined contribution works to reinforce consumption inequality and reduce wealth inequality. Third, minimum pension benefits are able to partially counteract an increase in inequality introduced by the defined contribution system, at a fiscal cost. Fourth the minimum pension benefit guarantee mostly addresses the sources of inequality which stem from differentiated endowments rather than those which stem from heterogeneous preferences. More... »

PAGES

583-606

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2005-02. Fair social orderings when agents have unequal production skills in SOCIAL CHOICE AND WELFARE
  • 2016-12. Dynastic inequality, mobility and equality of opportunity in THE JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC INEQUALITY
  • 2006-04. Microsimulation as a tool for evaluating redistribution policies in THE JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC INEQUALITY
  • 2009-12. Computable Stochastic Equilibrium Models and Their Use in Pension- and Ageing Research in DE ECONOMIST
  • 2015-10. Optimal redistributive pensions and the cost of self-control in INTERNATIONAL TAX AND PUBLIC FINANCE
  • 1997-12. The economy as an evolving network in JOURNAL OF EVOLUTIONARY ECONOMICS
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10888-018-9391-0

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    DIMENSIONS

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