Influence of dissolved organic carbon on photochemically mediated cycling of hydrogen peroxide in rainwater View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2009-12

AUTHORS

Robert J. Kieber, Jeremy Smith, Katherine M. Mullaugh, Melissa W. Southwell, G. Brooks Avery, Joan D. Willey

ABSTRACT

The influence of sunlight and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) on the photochemically mediated cycling of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was investigated in rainwater samples collected in Wilmington, North Carolina USA. Upon exposure to simulated sunlight 14 of 19 authentic rainwater samples exhibited significant decreases in H2O2. The concentration of hydrogen peroxide did not change significantly in organic-free synthetic rainwater spiked with H2O2 in the light or in dark controls suggesting that the loss was not due to direct photolysis or dark mediated reactions. There was a significant correlation between pseudo-first order rate constants of H2O2 decay and initial H2O2 concentrations. There was also a significant correlation between the rate constant and the abundance of DOC suggesting that rainwater organic carbon plays an important role during photolytic decay either via direct reaction or indirectly through production of peroxide reactive species or scavenging of peroxide generating radicals. Several rain samples exhibited an initial increase in H2O2 during the first 2 h of irradiation. These increases were generally small and most likely do not represent a significant input of peroxide in precipitation. The photo-induced destruction of H2O2 is important because it may partly explain the late afternoon decrease of peroxide concentrations observed in earlier field studies and the substantial under saturation (<10%) of this oxidant in rainwater compared with gas phase concentrations. More... »

PAGES

149-158

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Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10874-010-9174-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10874-010-9174-x

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