Quality of citizen science data and its consequences for the conservation of skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) in Flanders (northern Belgium) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-10-18

AUTHORS

Pieter Vantieghem, Dirk Maes, Aurélien Kaiser, Thomas Merckx

ABSTRACT

Citizen science projects have become important data sources for ecologists. However, opportunistic data are not only characterized by spatial and temporal biases, but probably also contain species identification errors, especially concerning morphologically similar species. Such misidentifications may result in wrongly estimated distribution ranges and trends, and thus in inadequate conservation measures. We illustrate this issue with three skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) in Flanders (northern Belgium) using photographs uploaded with observations in data portals. Ochlodes sylvanus and Thymelicus lineola records had relatively low identification error rates (1 and 11 %, respectively), but the majority (59 %) of Thymelicus sylvestris records turned out to be misidentified. Using verified records only allowed us to model their distribution more accurately, especially for T. sylvestris whose actual distribution area had hitherto been strongly overestimated. An additional field study on T. sylvestris confirmed the species distribution model output as the species was almost completely restricted to sites with verified records and was largely absent from sites with unverified records. The preference of T. sylvestris for unimproved grasslands was confirmed by the negative correlation between its model-predicted presence and elevated nitrogen and ammonia levels. Thus, quality control of citizen science data is of major importance to improve the knowledge of species distribution ranges, biotope preferences and other limiting factors. This, in turn, will help to better assess species conservation statuses and to suggest more appropriate management and mitigation measures. More... »

PAGES

451-463

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10841-016-9924-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10841-016-9924-4

DIMENSIONS

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199 grid-institutes:grid.5342.0 schema:alternateName Terrestrial Ecology Unit, Biology Department, Ghent University, K.L. Ledeganckstraat 35, 9000, Ghent, Belgium
200 schema:name Terrestrial Ecology Unit, Biology Department, Ghent University, K.L. Ledeganckstraat 35, 9000, Ghent, Belgium
201 Vlinderwerkgroep Natuurpunt, Coxiestraat 11, 2800, Mechelen, Belgium
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203 grid-institutes:grid.7942.8 schema:alternateName Behavioural Ecology and Conservation Group, Biodiversity Research Centre, Earth and Life Institute, Université catholique de Louvain (UCL), Louvain-La-Neuve, Belgium
204 schema:name Behavioural Ecology and Conservation Group, Biodiversity Research Centre, Earth and Life Institute, Université catholique de Louvain (UCL), Louvain-La-Neuve, Belgium
205 Vlinderwerkgroep Natuurpunt, Coxiestraat 11, 2800, Mechelen, Belgium
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