Conserving Europe’s most endangered butterfly: the Macedonian Grayling (Pseudochazara cingovskii) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2013-06-12

AUTHORS

Rudi Verovnik, Branko Micevski, Dirk Maes, Irma Wynhoff, Chris Van Swaay, Martin Warren

ABSTRACT

The Macedonian Grayling is listed as critically endangered in the recent IUCN Red List of European butterflies because of its extreme rarity and habitat loss due to quarrying. This categorisation was, however, based on rather limited knowledge on its actual distribution, population size and habitat requirements. In 2012, we conducted field surveys to acquire more information. We found the species at six new sites extending its known range of suitable habitat to just under 10 km2. The daily population size was estimated using capture-mark-recapture method in the most densely populated part of the Pletvar pass site at more than 650 individuals. Adults proved to be extremely sedentary, not moving far even within the continuous habitat on the same slope. Oviposition was observed on dry plant material and in a rock crevice close to the potential larval host plant Festuca sp. Quarrying is confirmed to be the main threat to the habitat of the Macedonian Grayling with five out of seven populated sites containing active marble quarries. Due to the enlargement of the known area of occupancy, its threat status would now be estimated at endangered. Despite the restricted knowledge about its distribution and trends in the population size, the IUCN criteria proved to be applicable to determine the threat status of a rare and localized butterfly such as Pseudochazara cingovskii. Its original assessment of being called the most threatened butterfly in Europe resulted in immediate research project and subsequent actions that will undoubtedly help to conserve it in the future. More... »

PAGES

941-947

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10841-013-9576-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10841-013-9576-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034247680


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203 Faculty of Natural Sciences, Institute of Biology, BSPSM, Gazi Baba bb, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
204 Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO), Kliniekstraat 25, 1070, Brussels, Belgium
205 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




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