Psychometric Evaluation of a Brief Assessment of Parents’ Disciplinary Alternatives View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-03-27

AUTHORS

Christina M. Rodriguez, Shannon M. O. Wittig, Maria-Ernestina Christl

ABSTRACT

ObjectivesThe majority of strategies designed to assess parental discipline practices typically focus on ineffective or adverse discipline options. When more comprehensive measures are utilized, parents are often expressly asked to report their use of nonphysical discipline options but such an approach signals to parents that they should report implementing such choices, thereby rendering it susceptible to social desirability.MethodsRather than cueing parents with possible discipline options, the Production of Discipline Alternatives (PDA) is a very brief parent-report coding scheme of the discipline options parents freely generate to an open-ended question after reading a short vignette. The current study investigated the inter-rater reliability and stability as well as concurrent and predictive validity from the coding of this brief qualitative prompt using three waves of longitudinal data collected from mothers and fathers (prenatally, child age 6 months, and child age 18 months).ResultsFindings demonstrated strong inter-rater reliability (between independent coders) and stability of discipline alternatives provided by parents across nearly two years. Concurrent and predictive validity were also observed; specifically, mothers and fathers who generated proportionally more physical discipline options were more likely to approve of physical discipline, to be inclined to punish perceived misbehavior, to prefer authoritarian parenting approaches, to evidence greater child abuse risk, and to report more frequent use of physical discipline.ConclusionsThe current findings imply the PDA may have research utility as well as potential value in screenings at primary and integrated care settings relevant for prevention and intervention efforts. More... »

PAGES

1490-1501

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2016-07-05. Parent–Child Aggression Risk in Expectant Mothers and Fathers: A Multimethod Theoretical Approach in JOURNAL OF CHILD AND FAMILY STUDIES
  • 2008-09. Pilot Evaluation of the “ACT Parents Raising Safe Kids” Violence Prevention Program in JOURNAL OF CHILD & ADOLESCENT TRAUMA
  • 2016-10-12. Parents’ Primary Professional Sources of Parenting Advice Moderate Predictors of Parental Attitudes toward Corporal Punishment in JOURNAL OF CHILD AND FAMILY STUDIES
  • 2015-11-03. Parental Discipline Reactions to Child Noncompliance and Compliance: Association with Parent–Child Aggression Indicators in JOURNAL OF CHILD AND FAMILY STUDIES
  • 2014-10-10. Emotional and behavioural resilience to multiple risk exposure in early life: the role of parenting in EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY
  • 2016-07-16. Can Discipline Education be Culturally Sensitive? in MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH JOURNAL
  • 2007-08-15. Disciplinary Style and Child Abuse Potential: Association with Indicators of Positive Functioning in Children with Behavior Problems in CHILD PSYCHIATRY & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
  • 2006-02. The Parent Opinion Questionnaire and Child Vignettes for Use with Abusive Parents: Assessment of Psychometric Properties in JOURNAL OF FAMILY VIOLENCE
  • 2016-10-07. The Family Socialization Interview—Revised (FSI-R): a Comprehensive Assessment of Parental Disciplinary Behaviors in PREVENTION SCIENCE
  • 2017-06-13. Mediators between Parenting History and Expected At-Risk Parenting: Role of Conformity, Coping, and Attitudes in JOURNAL OF CHILD AND FAMILY STUDIES
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10826-019-01387-8

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01387-8

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113042608

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31772489


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/17", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Psychology and Cognitive Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1701", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Psychology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.265892.2", 
              "name": [
                "University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Rodriguez", 
            "givenName": "Christina M.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0651606313.70", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0651606313.70"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.265892.2", 
              "name": [
                "University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Wittig", 
            "givenName": "Shannon M. O.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0660074062.32", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0660074062.32"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Denver, Denver, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266239.a", 
              "name": [
                "University of Denver, Denver, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Christl", 
            "givenName": "Maria-Ernestina", 
            "id": "sg:person.011307356332.00", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011307356332.00"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1080/19361520802279158", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058413003", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1080/19361520802279158"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10995-016-2107-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025459793", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-016-2107-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10578-007-0077-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044967134", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-007-0077-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10826-016-0481-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052876813", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-016-0481-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10826-017-0812-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085990237", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-017-0812-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10826-016-0586-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052807103", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-016-0586-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00787-014-0619-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033199264", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-014-0619-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11121-016-0707-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009341682", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-016-0707-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10896-005-9010-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049007181", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10896-005-9010-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10826-015-0308-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001229609", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-015-0308-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2019-03-27", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2019-03-27", 
        "description": "ObjectivesThe majority of strategies designed to assess parental discipline practices typically focus on ineffective or adverse discipline options. When more comprehensive measures are utilized, parents are often expressly asked to report their use of nonphysical discipline options but such an approach signals to parents that they should report implementing such choices, thereby rendering it susceptible to social desirability.MethodsRather than cueing parents with possible discipline options, the Production of Discipline Alternatives (PDA) is a very brief parent-report coding scheme of the discipline options parents freely generate to an open-ended question after reading a short vignette. The current study investigated the inter-rater reliability and stability as well as concurrent and predictive validity from the coding of this brief qualitative prompt using three waves of longitudinal data collected from mothers and fathers (prenatally, child age 6 months, and child age 18 months).ResultsFindings demonstrated strong inter-rater reliability (between independent coders) and stability of discipline alternatives provided by parents across nearly two years. Concurrent and predictive validity were also observed; specifically, mothers and fathers who generated proportionally more physical discipline options were more likely to approve of physical discipline, to be inclined to punish perceived misbehavior, to prefer authoritarian parenting approaches, to evidence greater child abuse risk, and to report more frequent use of physical discipline.ConclusionsThe current findings imply the PDA may have research utility as well as potential value in screenings at primary and integrated care settings relevant for prevention and intervention efforts.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10826-019-01387-8", 
        "inLanguage": "en", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isFundedItemOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.2593380", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }
        ], 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1102930", 
            "issn": [
              "1062-1024", 
              "1573-2843"
            ], 
            "name": "Journal of Child and Family Studies", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "6", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "28"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "physical discipline", 
          "parental discipline practices", 
          "child abuse risk", 
          "ConclusionsThe current findings", 
          "disciplinary alternatives", 
          "discipline practices", 
          "such choices", 
          "short vignettes", 
          "comprehensive measure", 
          "ended question", 
          "abuse risk", 
          "longitudinal data", 
          "brief assessment", 
          "parents", 
          "disciplines", 
          "intervention efforts", 
          "social desirability", 
          "fathers", 
          "ResultsFindings", 
          "practice", 
          "mothers", 
          "desirability", 
          "questions", 
          "vignettes", 
          "efforts", 
          "alternative", 
          "options", 
          "choice", 
          "strategies", 
          "predictive validity", 
          "findings", 
          "setting", 
          "care settings", 
          "measures", 
          "current study", 
          "approach", 
          "frequent use", 
          "potential value", 
          "majority", 
          "years", 
          "current findings", 
          "use", 
          "prevention", 
          "research utility", 
          "psychometric evaluation", 
          "prompts", 
          "study", 
          "validity", 
          "assessment", 
          "utility", 
          "data", 
          "risk", 
          "values", 
          "production", 
          "stability", 
          "inter-rater reliability", 
          "waves", 
          "evaluation", 
          "coding", 
          "scheme", 
          "integrated care settings", 
          "strong inter-rater reliability", 
          "reliability", 
          "screening", 
          "approach signals", 
          "PDA", 
          "signals", 
          "ObjectivesThe majority", 
          "adverse discipline options", 
          "discipline options", 
          "nonphysical discipline options", 
          "MethodsRather", 
          "possible discipline options", 
          "Discipline Alternatives", 
          "discipline options parents", 
          "options parents", 
          "brief qualitative prompt", 
          "qualitative prompt", 
          "more physical discipline options", 
          "physical discipline options", 
          "greater child abuse risk"
        ], 
        "name": "Psychometric Evaluation of a Brief Assessment of Parents\u2019 Disciplinary Alternatives", 
        "pagination": "1490-1501", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1113042608"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s10826-019-01387-8"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "31772489"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01387-8", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113042608"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2021-11-01T18:37", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20211101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_828.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01387-8"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10826-019-01387-8'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10826-019-01387-8'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10826-019-01387-8'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10826-019-01387-8'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    210 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      119 URIs      99 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10826-019-01387-8 schema:about anzsrc-for:11
    2 anzsrc-for:1117
    3 anzsrc-for:17
    4 anzsrc-for:1701
    5 schema:author Ne8deeb5bb8944f0597781138074ac6fb
    6 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00787-014-0619-7
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/s10578-007-0077-2
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/s10826-015-0308-2
    9 sg:pub.10.1007/s10826-016-0481-y
    10 sg:pub.10.1007/s10826-016-0586-3
    11 sg:pub.10.1007/s10826-017-0812-7
    12 sg:pub.10.1007/s10896-005-9010-2
    13 sg:pub.10.1007/s10995-016-2107-9
    14 sg:pub.10.1007/s11121-016-0707-7
    15 sg:pub.10.1080/19361520802279158
    16 schema:datePublished 2019-03-27
    17 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-03-27
    18 schema:description ObjectivesThe majority of strategies designed to assess parental discipline practices typically focus on ineffective or adverse discipline options. When more comprehensive measures are utilized, parents are often expressly asked to report their use of nonphysical discipline options but such an approach signals to parents that they should report implementing such choices, thereby rendering it susceptible to social desirability.MethodsRather than cueing parents with possible discipline options, the Production of Discipline Alternatives (PDA) is a very brief parent-report coding scheme of the discipline options parents freely generate to an open-ended question after reading a short vignette. The current study investigated the inter-rater reliability and stability as well as concurrent and predictive validity from the coding of this brief qualitative prompt using three waves of longitudinal data collected from mothers and fathers (prenatally, child age 6 months, and child age 18 months).ResultsFindings demonstrated strong inter-rater reliability (between independent coders) and stability of discipline alternatives provided by parents across nearly two years. Concurrent and predictive validity were also observed; specifically, mothers and fathers who generated proportionally more physical discipline options were more likely to approve of physical discipline, to be inclined to punish perceived misbehavior, to prefer authoritarian parenting approaches, to evidence greater child abuse risk, and to report more frequent use of physical discipline.ConclusionsThe current findings imply the PDA may have research utility as well as potential value in screenings at primary and integrated care settings relevant for prevention and intervention efforts.
    19 schema:genre article
    20 schema:inLanguage en
    21 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    22 schema:isPartOf Nb2fc63592b4c4b4da8deeed075a7c4bd
    23 Ncf1085d62994462688ed6ece56c9648f
    24 sg:journal.1102930
    25 schema:keywords ConclusionsThe current findings
    26 Discipline Alternatives
    27 MethodsRather
    28 ObjectivesThe majority
    29 PDA
    30 ResultsFindings
    31 abuse risk
    32 adverse discipline options
    33 alternative
    34 approach
    35 approach signals
    36 assessment
    37 brief assessment
    38 brief qualitative prompt
    39 care settings
    40 child abuse risk
    41 choice
    42 coding
    43 comprehensive measure
    44 current findings
    45 current study
    46 data
    47 desirability
    48 disciplinary alternatives
    49 discipline options
    50 discipline options parents
    51 discipline practices
    52 disciplines
    53 efforts
    54 ended question
    55 evaluation
    56 fathers
    57 findings
    58 frequent use
    59 greater child abuse risk
    60 integrated care settings
    61 inter-rater reliability
    62 intervention efforts
    63 longitudinal data
    64 majority
    65 measures
    66 more physical discipline options
    67 mothers
    68 nonphysical discipline options
    69 options
    70 options parents
    71 parental discipline practices
    72 parents
    73 physical discipline
    74 physical discipline options
    75 possible discipline options
    76 potential value
    77 practice
    78 predictive validity
    79 prevention
    80 production
    81 prompts
    82 psychometric evaluation
    83 qualitative prompt
    84 questions
    85 reliability
    86 research utility
    87 risk
    88 scheme
    89 screening
    90 setting
    91 short vignettes
    92 signals
    93 social desirability
    94 stability
    95 strategies
    96 strong inter-rater reliability
    97 study
    98 such choices
    99 use
    100 utility
    101 validity
    102 values
    103 vignettes
    104 waves
    105 years
    106 schema:name Psychometric Evaluation of a Brief Assessment of Parents’ Disciplinary Alternatives
    107 schema:pagination 1490-1501
    108 schema:productId N08745499c56b41d986c42399c79dc84e
    109 N0f8a0520b83740e1931e5db653c420c9
    110 N702bb8a4b97b4eb3bf8a388324fc32de
    111 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113042608
    112 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01387-8
    113 schema:sdDatePublished 2021-11-01T18:37
    114 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    115 schema:sdPublisher N92d4268c02fc44dba6953a02055a81b2
    116 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01387-8
    117 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    118 sgo:sdDataset articles
    119 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    120 N08745499c56b41d986c42399c79dc84e schema:name dimensions_id
    121 schema:value pub.1113042608
    122 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    123 N0f8a0520b83740e1931e5db653c420c9 schema:name doi
    124 schema:value 10.1007/s10826-019-01387-8
    125 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    126 N61e4f1d64af14dc4a82c874ce48f623e rdf:first sg:person.0660074062.32
    127 rdf:rest Nf2735ffac1534ef292e28807eac45675
    128 N702bb8a4b97b4eb3bf8a388324fc32de schema:name pubmed_id
    129 schema:value 31772489
    130 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    131 N92d4268c02fc44dba6953a02055a81b2 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    132 rdf:type schema:Organization
    133 Nb2fc63592b4c4b4da8deeed075a7c4bd schema:issueNumber 6
    134 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    135 Ncf1085d62994462688ed6ece56c9648f schema:volumeNumber 28
    136 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    137 Ne8deeb5bb8944f0597781138074ac6fb rdf:first sg:person.0651606313.70
    138 rdf:rest N61e4f1d64af14dc4a82c874ce48f623e
    139 Nf2735ffac1534ef292e28807eac45675 rdf:first sg:person.011307356332.00
    140 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    141 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    142 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
    143 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    144 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    145 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
    146 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    147 anzsrc-for:17 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    148 schema:name Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
    149 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    150 anzsrc-for:1701 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    151 schema:name Psychology
    152 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    153 sg:grant.2593380 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s10826-019-01387-8
    154 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    155 sg:journal.1102930 schema:issn 1062-1024
    156 1573-2843
    157 schema:name Journal of Child and Family Studies
    158 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    159 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    160 sg:person.011307356332.00 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.266239.a
    161 schema:familyName Christl
    162 schema:givenName Maria-Ernestina
    163 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011307356332.00
    164 rdf:type schema:Person
    165 sg:person.0651606313.70 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.265892.2
    166 schema:familyName Rodriguez
    167 schema:givenName Christina M.
    168 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0651606313.70
    169 rdf:type schema:Person
    170 sg:person.0660074062.32 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.265892.2
    171 schema:familyName Wittig
    172 schema:givenName Shannon M. O.
    173 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0660074062.32
    174 rdf:type schema:Person
    175 sg:pub.10.1007/s00787-014-0619-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033199264
    176 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-014-0619-7
    177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    178 sg:pub.10.1007/s10578-007-0077-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044967134
    179 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-007-0077-2
    180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    181 sg:pub.10.1007/s10826-015-0308-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001229609
    182 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-015-0308-2
    183 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    184 sg:pub.10.1007/s10826-016-0481-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052876813
    185 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-016-0481-y
    186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    187 sg:pub.10.1007/s10826-016-0586-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052807103
    188 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-016-0586-3
    189 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    190 sg:pub.10.1007/s10826-017-0812-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085990237
    191 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-017-0812-7
    192 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    193 sg:pub.10.1007/s10896-005-9010-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049007181
    194 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10896-005-9010-2
    195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    196 sg:pub.10.1007/s10995-016-2107-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025459793
    197 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-016-2107-9
    198 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    199 sg:pub.10.1007/s11121-016-0707-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009341682
    200 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-016-0707-7
    201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    202 sg:pub.10.1080/19361520802279158 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058413003
    203 https://doi.org/10.1080/19361520802279158
    204 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    205 grid-institutes:grid.265892.2 schema:alternateName University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, USA
    206 schema:name University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, USA
    207 rdf:type schema:Organization
    208 grid-institutes:grid.266239.a schema:alternateName University of Denver, Denver, USA
    209 schema:name University of Denver, Denver, USA
    210 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...