Forty Thousand Arms for a Single Emperor: From Chemical Data to the Labor Organization Behind the Bronze Arrows of the ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-09

AUTHORS

Marcos Martinón-Torres, Xiuzhen Janice Li, Andrew Bevan, Yin Xia, Kun Zhao, Thilo Rehren

ABSTRACT

This paper explores the integration of chemical data with metric studies and spatial analyses of archaeological artifacts to investigate questions of specialization, standardization, and production organization behind large-scale technological enterprises. The main analytical focus is placed on the 40,000 bronze arrowheads recovered with the Terracotta Army in the First Emperor’s Mausoleum, Xi’an, China. Based on the identification by portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometry of chemical clusters that correspond to individual metal batches, and combined with a study of their context in the tomb complex, we argue that the manufacture of arrows was organized via a cellular production model with various multi-skilled units rather than as a single production line. This system favored more adaptable and efficient logistical organization that facilitated dynamic cross-craft interaction while maintaining remarkable degrees of standardization. We discuss the use of “the batch” as an analytical category and how our method might be applied to other studies of craft organization in complex societies and imperial systems. More... »

PAGES

534-562

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2010-12. Prehistoric copper production and technological reproduction in the Khao Wong Prachan Valley of Central Thailand in ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES
  • 2001. Craft Production Systems in ARCHAEOLOGY AT THE MILLENNIUM
  • 2003-09. Investigating Variation in Organization of Ceramic Production: An Ethnoarchaeological Study in Guizhou, China in JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL METHOD AND THEORY
  • 2000-12. Does the Standardization of Ceramic Pastes Really Mean Specialization? in JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL METHOD AND THEORY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10816-012-9158-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10816-012-9158-z

    DIMENSIONS

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