Young Children’s Physiological Reactivity during Memory Recall: Associations with Posttraumatic Stress and Parent Physiological Synchrony View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-07-06

AUTHORS

Sarah A. O. Gray, Rebecca S. Lipschutz, Mike S. Scheeringa

ABSTRACT

Autonomic reactivity is implicated in stress response and social engagement – both key components of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) – but few studies have examined autonomic reactivity in pediatric samples, and no known studies have examined physiological synchrony among children with PTSD and caregivers. In a sample of 247 young children (94 girls, 153 boys), most (85%) of whom had exposure to trauma and 40% who met criteria for PTSD, we examined children’s patterns of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) at baseline and in response to a memory recall task, as well as correspondence between parents’ and children’s RSA. Children with PTSD demonstrated significantly higher reactivity than other groups during their recollection of a traumatic memory, but not during other memory tasks. Regarding synchrony, caregivers’ and children’s RSA were more significantly and positively correlated during the trauma recall task among children who had had exposure to a potentially traumatic event but did not meet PTSD criteria, suggesting physiological synchrony may be protective in contexts of trauma. Overall, findings demonstrate physiological reactivity differences among young children with PTSD. While more work is needed to understand the meaning of parent-child physiological synchrony, these data suggest that children’s psychopathology is associated with physiological synchrony processes among young children with exposure to trauma. More... »

PAGES

871-880

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10802-017-0326-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10802-017-0326-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090355676

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28681149


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