The Nature of Social Positive Illusory Bias: Reflection of Social Impairment, Self-Protective Motivation, or Poor Executive Functioning? View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-02

AUTHORS

Julia D. McQuade, Saaid A. Mendoza, Kristy L. Larsen, Rosanna P. Breaux

ABSTRACT

The present study examined if a social positive illusory bias (PIB) is: a) simply a reflection of low adult-rated social acceptance, b) evident when children's perceived social acceptance is measured implicitly, and c) directly relates to impaired executive functioning (EF). Participants were 8 to 12 year-old children (N = 120; 55 boys and 65 girls) with and without clinical symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Ratings of the child's social acceptance were obtained from an adult and the child using the Self-Perception Profile for Children (Harter 2012); social bias was calculated as the discrepancy between standardized adult- and child-ratings. Children also completed a reaction time measure to assess implicit perceptions of social acceptance and a battery of EF measures. Depression symptoms were assessed based on parent report. Group comparisons were focused on the presence or absence of social PIB rather than on ADHD diagnostic status. Relative to non-PIB children, those with a social PIB were significantly higher in self-reported social acceptance, but significantly lower on adult reports and implicit perceived social acceptance; these children also were significantly higher in depression symptoms. EF impairments were indirectly related to social PIB as a function of adult-rated social impairment. Results suggest that social PIB is not merely a reflection of low adult-ratings of social acceptance. However, the high explicit self-reports of social acceptance in children with a social PIB are not fully consistent with their implicit self-perceptions of social acceptance. Results are discussed in light of the self-protective and cognitive deficits hypotheses regarding the nature of social PIB. More... »

PAGES

289-300

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10802-016-0172-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10802-016-0172-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030268769

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27265286


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277 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266683.f schema:alternateName University of Massachusetts Amherst
278 schema:name Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Tobin Hall, 135 Hicks Way, 01003, Amherst, MA, USA
279 rdf:type schema:Organization
280 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418778.5 schema:alternateName Providence College
281 schema:name Department of Psychology, Providence College, Sowa Hall 161, 02918, Providence, RI, USA
282 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




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