Removal of atrazine by photoelectrocatalytic process under sunlight using WN-codoped TiO2 photoanode View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Simon Komtchou, Nazar Delegan, Ahmad Dirany, Patrick Drogui, Didier Robert, My Ali El Khakani

ABSTRACT

The present study was focused on the degradation of Atrazine (ATZ) and major by-products (DEA, DIA, DEDIA and ATZ-OH) from water by photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) oxidation process under solar light. The undoped TiO2, sub-stoichiometric TiO2 (TiO2−x) and codoped TiO2 (TiO2:WN) photoanodes were prepared by means of a radio frequency magnetron sputtering (RF-MS) deposition process. The X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS) analysis shows that the N and W atoms were incorporated into the O and Ti lattice sites of TiO2 respectively (case of TiO2:WN film), while the XPS measurements of the TiO2−x films composition was determined to be TiO1.9. The UV–Vis transmittance spectra shows that in the case of the TiO2:WN films, the presence of nitrogen and tungsten improve the optical response of TiO2 under visible range compare to the presence of oxygen vacancies in to the TiO2−x films. The experimental results under solar light with an initial concentration of ATZ (100 µg L−1) show that after 180 min of treatment, the degradation of ATZ were 34.98%, 68.57% and 94.33% using TiO2, TiO2−x and TiO2:WN photoanodes, respectively. These results of ATZ degradation proved that TiO2:WN photoanode was more photoactive under solar light. The evolution by-products of ATZ under sunlight show that the principal mechanism of ATZ degradation was the oxidation of alkyl side chain and dealkylation. More... »

PAGES

1-9

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10800-018-1253-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10800-018-1253-8

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44 schema:description The present study was focused on the degradation of Atrazine (ATZ) and major by-products (DEA, DIA, DEDIA and ATZ-OH) from water by photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) oxidation process under solar light. The undoped TiO2, sub-stoichiometric TiO2 (TiO2−x) and codoped TiO2 (TiO2:WN) photoanodes were prepared by means of a radio frequency magnetron sputtering (RF-MS) deposition process. The X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS) analysis shows that the N and W atoms were incorporated into the O and Ti lattice sites of TiO2 respectively (case of TiO2:WN film), while the XPS measurements of the TiO2−x films composition was determined to be TiO1.9. The UV–Vis transmittance spectra shows that in the case of the TiO2:WN films, the presence of nitrogen and tungsten improve the optical response of TiO2 under visible range compare to the presence of oxygen vacancies in to the TiO2−x films. The experimental results under solar light with an initial concentration of ATZ (100 µg L−1) show that after 180 min of treatment, the degradation of ATZ were 34.98%, 68.57% and 94.33% using TiO2, TiO2−x and TiO2:WN photoanodes, respectively. These results of ATZ degradation proved that TiO2:WN photoanode was more photoactive under solar light. The evolution by-products of ATZ under sunlight show that the principal mechanism of ATZ degradation was the oxidation of alkyl side chain and dealkylation.
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