Thermophysical Properties of Liquid In–Sn Alloys View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2009-10-24

AUTHORS

Z. Moser, W. Gąsior, J. Pstruś, I. Kaban, W. Hoyer

ABSTRACT

The surface tension of liquid In–Sn alloys was measured with three experimental techniques carried out in a protective atmosphere of a mixture of argon and hydrogen: tensiometric (in Chemnitz), and maximum bubble pressure and sessile drop (in Kraków). Attempts were undertaken to confirm the correlation of surface tension with electrical conductivity and viscosity and to compare them with literature data. The lack of such correlation or a weak one was observed, probably due to a slight negative departure of thermodynamic properties of liquid In–Sn alloys from ideal behavior. Both resistivity and viscosity correlated with the existence of In-rich β and Sn-rich γ phases of the In–Sn phase diagram. The mutual correlations of thermodynamic and physical properties, structure, and the type of phase diagram were confirmed previously for Li–Sn and Mg–Sn systems with evident negative thermodynamic departures from ideal behavior and with the occurrence of intermetallic compounds (IMCs) in the phase diagrams. Due to nearly the same values of surface tension and density of pure In and Sn, the concentration dependence on the surface tension and density was practically unchanged within an extensive range of temperatures in studies on Pb-free solders of binary and multicomponent alloys containing both metals. Thus, the beneficial influence of In on the wettability of In–Sn alloys was observed solely by the lowering of the contact angle. More... »

PAGES

1811

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10765-009-0663-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10765-009-0663-6

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