Larval identification of two syntopic species Branchipus schaefferi and Tanymastix stagnalis (Crustacea, Anostraca) sheds light on their pattern of coexistence View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-10

AUTHORS

P. Zarattini, V. Rossi, G. Mura

ABSTRACT

In the present study we applied a discriminant function analysis to distinguish two fairy shrimp species, Branchipus schaefferi and Tanymastix stagnalis (Anostraca), co-occurring in Lago dell’Orso in central Italy. Our aim was to obtain information on the pattern of coexistence of these two species to investigate their syntopy since early larval stages. To identify the larvae of the two species we used six discriminant functions, one for each larval stage considered (nauplius, four metanauplius stages and juvenis), and based on morphometric analyses and measurements of different traits (thoracic appendages, body length, length of first antenna, length of head, thorax length and length of furca). The pool was visited at weekly intervals during two time periods for a total of 4 years (1995–1996 and 2000–2001) and physical and chemical variables (water level, water and air temperature, pH and conductivity) were recorded. A total of 1067 specimens were collected, measured and morphometrically identified. B. schaefferi was more abundant and persistent than T. stagnalis. At any stage, T. stagnalis was bigger than B. schaefferi and this difference may justify niche differentiation between coexisting species. Difference in size might be linked to difference in life-span as B. schaefferi reproduced earlier and at a smaller size than T. stagnalis. When the hydroperiod is short, B. schaefferi might be the only species to produce resting eggs in time for reproduction. On the other hand, T. stagnalis may have an advantage in the longest hydroperiods. In an ephemeral seasonal pond such as Lago dell’Orso, coexistence can be fostered and competitive exclusion can be prevented as a result of seasonal environmental changes. More... »

PAGES

165-177

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10750-017-3302-4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-017-3302-4

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    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090777905


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