Ecological impact of introduced fish in high altitude lakes: a case of study from the European Alps View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2014-02

AUTHORS

Rocco Tiberti, Achaz von Hardenberg, Giuseppe Bogliani

ABSTRACT

Fish introduction is a major threat to alpine lake biota leading to the loss of native species and to the degeneration of natural food-webs. This study provides an extensive investigation on the impact of the introduced fish Salvelinus fontinalis on the native communities of alpine lakes in the Gran Paradiso National Park. We compared the macroinvertebrate and zooplankton communities of six stocked and nine fishless lakes with a repeated sampling approach during the summers 2006–2009. The impact of fish presence on alpine lake fauna is often mediated by the strong seasonality governing these ecosystems, and it dramatically affects the faunal assemblage of littoral macroinvertebrates and the size, structure, and composition of the pelagic zooplankton community with a strong selective predation of the more visible taxa. Direct ecological impacts include a decrease or extinction of non-burrower macroinvertebrates and of large zooplankton species, while small zooplankton species and burrower macroinvertebrates were indirectly advantaged by fish presence. Due to the existence of a compensation between rotifers and crustaceans, fish presence does not affect total zooplankton biomass and diversity even if fish are a factor of ecological exclusion for large crustaceans. These compensatory mechanisms are a key process surrounding the impact of introduced fish in alpine lakes. More... »

PAGES

1-19

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2010-07. Lake macroinvertebrates and the altitudinal environmental gradient in the Pyrenees in HYDROBIOLOGIA
  • 2001-05. Alteration of Nutrient Cycles and Algal Production Resulting from Fish Introductions intoMountain Lakes in ECOSYSTEMS
  • 1986-10. Biological indicators of lake acidification in WATER, AIR, & SOIL POLLUTION
  • 1999-12. The extinction of Arctodiaptomus alpinus (Copepoda) following the introduction of charr into a small alpine lake Dvojno Jezero (NW Slovenia) in AQUATIC ECOLOGY
  • 1991-11. Zooplankton responses to acidification: A review of laboratory bioassays in WATER, AIR, & SOIL POLLUTION
  • 2007-12. Rapid evolution in response to introduced predators I: rates and patterns of morphological and life-history trait divergence in BMC EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY
  • 2007-12. Rapid evolution in response to introduced predators II: the contribution of adaptive plasticity in BMC EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY
  • 2013-06. Does the fish presence influence the diurnal vertical distribution of zooplankton in high transparency lakes? in HYDROBIOLOGIA
  • 2001-05. The Effects of Stocking and Removal of a Nonnative Salmonid on the Plankton of an Alpine Lake in ECOSYSTEMS
  • 2009-06. Only the small survive: monitoring long-term changes in the zooplankton community of an Alpine lake after fish introduction in BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS
  • 1975-03. The dry weight estimate of biomass in a selection of Cladocera, Copepoda and Rotifera from the plankton, periphyton and benthos of continental waters in OECOLOGIA
  • 2003-10. Benthos as the basis for arctic lake food webs in AQUATIC ECOLOGY
  • 1983-01. Food of brook charr in extreme oligotrophic conditions of an alpine lake in ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY OF FISHES
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Hydrobiologia

    ISSUE

    1

    VOLUME

    724

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10750-013-1696-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-013-1696-1

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006842915


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