Effects of silicon on growth processes and adaptive potential of barley plants under optimal soil watering and flooding View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2012-05

AUTHORS

Tamara I. Balakhnina, Vladimir V. Matichenkov, Teresa Wlodarczyk, Aneta Borkowska, Magdalena Nosalewicz, Irina R. Fomina

ABSTRACT

Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) was grown in pots with brown loess soil and highly soluble amorphous silicon dioxide as the source of monosilicic acid to examine its influence on plant growth and adaptive potential under optimal soil watering and flooding. The adaptive potential of plants was estimated by the concentration of the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARs) as well as superoxide dismutase (SOD), guaiacol peroxidase (GPX) and ascorbate peroxidase (AsP) activities. Application of amorphous silica to the soil increased the Si content in barley shoots and roots and stimulated their growth and biomass production under optimal soil watering. Soil flooding suppressed the growth both of the (−Si)- and (+Si)-plants. The intensity of oxidative destruction estimated by the concentration of TBARs was lower in the roots and leaves of the (+Si)-plants. Soil flooding induced SOD activity in the roots and in the leaves of the (−Si;+flooding) and (+Si;+flooding)-plants, but no significant differences were observed due to the Si treatment. GPX activity in the roots of (+Si)-plants was higher than in the (−Si)-ones under optimal soil watering, but under soil flooding no differences between (+Si)- and (−Si)-treatments were observed. AsP activity was not influenced by Si treatment neither under optimal soil watering nor under flooding. Thus, application of Si stimulates growth processes of barley shoots and roots under optimal soil watering and decreases intensity of oxidative destruction under soil flooding without significant changes in the activities of antioxidant enzymes. More... »

PAGES

35-43

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10725-012-9658-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10725-012-9658-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012010704


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