Effects of phenolic compounds on adventitious root formation and oxidative decarboxylation of applied indoleacetic acid in Malus ‘Jork 9’ View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2011-03

AUTHORS

Geert-Jan De Klerk, Huiyuan Guan, Peter Huisman, Svetla Marinova

ABSTRACT

Stem slices (1-mm thick) cut from apple microshoots were cultured on a modified Murashige-Skoog medium with indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) or α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA), and increasing concentrations of various phenolic compounds. Both auxins were added at a concentration suboptimal for rooting. Indole-3-acetic acid is metabolized through oxidation and conjugation but NAA through conjugation only; which might have affected the results. With IAA, all tested orthodiphenols, paradiphenols and triphenols promoted adventitious root formation from the stem slices. Ferulic acid (FA, a methylated orthodiphenol) had the largest effect and increased the number of adventitious roots from 0.9 to 5.8. With NAA there was little or no promotion after addition of phenolics. Phloroglucinol (a triphenol) and FA were examined in detail. Their effects on the dose–response curve of IAA and the timing of their action indicated that both acted as antioxidants protecting IAA from decarboxylation and the tissue from oxidative stress. Experiments with carboxyl-labelled IAA showed that IAA was massively decarboxylated by the slices and that decarboxylation was strongly reduced by phenolics. Decarboxylation was to a great extent attributable to the wound response and did not occur to such an extent in non-wounded plant tissues. In shoots, FA promoted little rooting. Slices were cultured on top of the medium and shoots were stuck into the medium. Possibly, the anaerobic conditions in the medium near the basal part of the stem of shoots reduced the wound response and consequently decarboxylation of IAA. The monophenolic compound salicylic acid (SA) promoted IAA decarboxylation. Accordingly, SA reduced rooting when added during the initial days of the rooting process (the period during which auxin enhances rooting), and promoted outgrowth of root primordia later on (the period during which auxin inhibits rooting). More... »

PAGES

175-185

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1997-04. Effectiveness of indoleacetic acid, indolebutyric acid and naphthaleneacetic acid during adventitious root formation in vitro in Malus ‘Jork 9’ in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • 2004-07. Antioxidants enhance in vitro plant regeneration by inhibiting the accumulation of peroxidase in Virginia pine (Pinus virginiana Mill.) in PLANT CELL REPORTS
  • 1997-01. Anatomical and ultrastructural examination of adventitious root formation in stem slices of apple in BIOLOGIA PLANTARUM
  • 1990-12. Metabolism of 1-naphthaleneacetic acid in explants of tobacco: Evidence for release of free hormone from conjugates in JOURNAL OF PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
  • 2000-08. Regulation of auxin transport by aminopeptidases and endogenous flavonoids in PLANTA
  • 2005-01. Expression of glutathione-S-transferase and its role in plant growth and development in vivo and shoot morphogenesis in vitro in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1993-02. The role of the conversion of IBA into IAA on root regeneration in apple: introduction of a test system in PLANT CELL REPORTS
  • 1999-05. Review the formation of adventitious roots: New concepts, new possibilities in IN VITRO CELLULAR & DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY - PLANT
  • 1995. Auxin Biosynthesis and Metabolism in PLANT HORMONES
  • 1994-03. Promotion by phloroglucinol of adventitious root formation in micropropagated shoots of adult wild cherry (Prunus avium L.) in PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
  • 2009-05. Antioxidant defense responses: physiological plasticity in higher plants under abiotic constraints in ACTA PHYSIOLOGIAE PLANTARUM
  • 2002-06. Biosynthesis, conjugation, catabolism and homeostasis of indole-3-acetic acid in Arabidopsis thaliana in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 2008-12. Effect of medium-pH and MES on adventitious root formation from stem disks of apple in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Plant Growth Regulation

    ISSUE

    2

    VOLUME

    63

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10725-010-9555-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10725-010-9555-9

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040567296


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