Analysis of the biodiversity of hawthorn (Crataegus spp.) from the morphological, molecular, and ethnobotanical approaches, and implications for genetic resource ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-03

AUTHORS

Marcela Betancourt-Olvera, Raúl Nieto-Ángel, Beatriz Urbano, Fernando González-Andrés

ABSTRACT

One hundred and forty Mexican hawthorn (Crataegus spp.) accessions from six regions are preserved at the BGT-UACH germplasm bank (Mexico), comprising the most comprehensive living collection of Mexican hawthorns with different degrees of human management. The objective of this study was to assess the biodiversity of this valuable collection from morphological, molecular (microsatellite), and ethnobotanical viewpoints in order to delineate the most adequate strategy for the conservation of the native hawthorn germplasm in the present scenario of incipient establishment of commercial hawthorn plantations, which is likely to increase. Molecular characterisation revealed that the biodiversity was chiefly (90%) placed within the regions. Morphological characterisation indicated that the group from Chiapas was the most different germplasm pool compared with the other five. This was confirmed by molecular analysis, because in spite of the lack of a phylogeographical pattern, two germplasm pools were detected: one composed mainly by accessions from Chiapas and the other mainly by accessions from the other regions. The only clear differences among the regions in the ethnobotanical study were those derived from putting hawthorns into commercial cultivation, which occurred in just one region in the centre of the country (Mexico–Puebla–Tlaxcala). As a consequence, an ex situ conservation programme is necessary for those regions shifting patterns of cultivation from traditional to commercial, regardless of whether other on-farm programmes are also implemented. The germplasm collections within each region must be exhaustive due to their high genetic diversity. More... »

PAGES

897-916

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2002-12. Development and characterisation of 140 new microsatellites in apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) in MOLECULAR BREEDING
  • 2016-06. Genetic analyses reveal high levels of seed and pollen flow in hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna Jacq.), a key component of hedgerows in TREE GENETICS & GENOMES
  • 2017-02. Conservation implications of small population size and habitat fragmentation in an endangered lupine in CONSERVATION GENETICS
  • 2008-12. Variability of three regional sources of germplasm of Tejocote (Crataegus spp.) from central and southern Mexico in GENETIC RESOURCES AND CROP EVOLUTION
  • 2014-10. Biodiversity and indigenous management of the endangered non-toxic germplasm of Jatropha curcas L. in the Totonacapan (Mexico), and the implications for its conservation in GENETIC RESOURCES AND CROP EVOLUTION
  • 2016-06. Genetic pool structure of local apple cultivars from Portugal assessed by microsatellites in TREE GENETICS & GENOMES
  • 2007-07. Phylogeny of subtribe Pyrinae (formerly the Maloideae, Rosaceae): Limited resolution of a complex evolutionary history in PLANT SYSTEMATICS AND EVOLUTION
  • 2013-12. Antioxidant activity and components of a traditional chinese medicine formula consisting of Crataegus pinnatifida and Salvia miltiorrhiza in BMC COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE
  • 1991. DNA Protocols for Plants in MOLECULAR TECHNIQUES IN TAXONOMY
  • 2016. Ethnobotany of Mexico, Interactions of People and Plants in Mesoamerica in NONE
  • 2016. Pre-Columbian Food System in West Mesoamerica in ETHNOBOTANY OF MEXICO
  • 2016. Biodiversity and Edible Plants of Mexico in ETHNOBOTANY OF MEXICO
  • Identifiers

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10722-017-0583-4

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