Criteria of Acceptance for Constant Rate of Strain Consolidation Test for Tropical Cohesive Soil View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-04-21

AUTHORS

Khairul Anuar Kassim, Ahmad Safuan A. Rashid, Ahmad Beng Hong Kueh, Chong Siaw Yah, Lam Chee Siang

ABSTRACT

In this study, the rapid consolidation equipment (RACE) was developed as an alternative device to the conventional consolidation test using Oedometer, consuming merely a few hours for the whole precedure to determine the consolidation characteristics of cohesive soil. RACE operates based on the constant rate of strain (CRS) consolidation theory, which is a continuous loading method of testing, requiring a good estimation of the loading rate such that it is ideal for the achievement of steady state condition during testing. The steady state condition is achieved when the cv values from drained and undrained face of CRS converged with the cv from Oedometer test. A slightly modification has been made on the normal constant rate of strain (CRS) test by proposing a direct back pressure system to the specimen using a tube to saturate the soil sample. This research has produced a set of criteria for determining the suitable rate for the rapid consolidation test based on the ratio of normalized strain rate, β, and proposed a new coefficient in terms of a ratio of β to clay fraction (CF), as a part of new criteria for testing a fine soil. Four types of sample were tested with different rates of strain using the RACE and their results were compared with those conducted using the Oedometer on the same soil type, from which fairly good agreements were evident in many specimens. It was found from the study that the minimum value of normalized strain rate, β, for the CRS test is 0.005 and for the ua/σv ratio is suggested as 0.01. Also, the maximum β/CF for soils with clay friction lower and higher than 50 % are 0.008 and 0.001, respectively. The minimum β/CF value for both conditions is 0.0001. More... »

PAGES

931-947

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2014-10-01. Development of Rapid Consolidation Equipment for Cohesive Soil in GEOTECHNICAL AND GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING
  • 2011-07-22. Investigation on the Characteristics of Pore Water Flow During CRS Consolidation Test in GEOTECHNICAL AND GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10706-016-0016-8

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10706-016-0016-8

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026701132


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0905", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Civil Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Geotechnics and Transportation, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410877.d", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Geotechnics and Transportation, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kassim", 
            "givenName": "Khairul Anuar", 
            "id": "sg:person.010771273433.12", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010771273433.12"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Geotechnics and Transportation, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410877.d", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Geotechnics and Transportation, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Rashid", 
            "givenName": "Ahmad Safuan A.", 
            "id": "sg:person.011302274665.84", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011302274665.84"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Construction Research Centre, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410877.d", 
              "name": [
                "Construction Research Centre, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kueh", 
            "givenName": "Ahmad Beng Hong", 
            "id": "sg:person.0673166454.30", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0673166454.30"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410877.d", 
              "name": [
                "Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Yah", 
            "givenName": "Chong Siaw", 
            "id": "sg:person.015310432363.82", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015310432363.82"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410877.d", 
              "name": [
                "Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Siang", 
            "givenName": "Lam Chee", 
            "id": "sg:person.016703373363.96", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016703373363.96"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10706-011-9431-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044327780", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10706-011-9431-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10706-014-9819-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044594457", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10706-014-9819-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2016-04-21", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2016-04-21", 
        "description": "In this study, the rapid consolidation equipment (RACE) was developed as an alternative device to the conventional consolidation test using Oedometer, consuming merely a few hours for the whole precedure to determine the consolidation characteristics of cohesive soil. RACE operates based on the constant rate of strain (CRS) consolidation theory, which is a continuous loading method of testing, requiring a good estimation of the loading rate such that it is ideal for the achievement of steady state condition during testing. The steady state condition is achieved when the cv values from drained and undrained face of CRS converged with the cv from Oedometer test. A slightly modification has been made on the normal constant rate of strain (CRS) test by proposing a direct back pressure system to the specimen using a tube to saturate the soil sample. This research has produced a set of criteria for determining the suitable rate for the rapid consolidation test based on the ratio of normalized strain rate, \u03b2, and proposed a new coefficient in terms of a ratio of \u03b2 to clay fraction (CF), as a part of new criteria for testing a fine soil. Four types of sample were tested with different rates of strain using the RACE and their results were compared with those conducted using the Oedometer on the same soil type, from which fairly good agreements were evident in many specimens. It was found from the study that the minimum value of normalized strain rate, \u03b2, for the CRS test is 0.005 and for the ua/\u03c3v ratio is suggested as 0.01. Also, the maximum \u03b2/CF for soils with clay friction lower and higher than 50\u00a0% are 0.008 and 0.001, respectively. The minimum \u03b2/CF value for both conditions is 0.0001.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10706-016-0016-8", 
        "inLanguage": "en", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1136344", 
            "issn": [
              "0960-3182", 
              "1573-1529"
            ], 
            "name": "Geotechnical and Geological Engineering", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "4", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "34"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "normalized strain rate", 
          "strain rate", 
          "consolidation tests", 
          "cohesive soils", 
          "steady state conditions", 
          "continuous loading method", 
          "loading rate", 
          "state conditions", 
          "conventional consolidation test", 
          "consolidation characteristics", 
          "loading method", 
          "oedometer tests", 
          "strain tests", 
          "consolidation theory", 
          "constant rate", 
          "fine soil", 
          "strain consolidation tests", 
          "alternative device", 
          "pressure system", 
          "good agreement", 
          "UA/", 
          "better estimation", 
          "minimum value", 
          "clay fraction", 
          "oedometer", 
          "suitable rate", 
          "new coefficients", 
          "types of samples", 
          "CRS test", 
          "friction", 
          "criteria of acceptance", 
          "equipment", 
          "devices", 
          "test", 
          "conditions", 
          "tube", 
          "ratio", 
          "soil", 
          "rate", 
          "testing", 
          "specimen", 
          "criteria", 
          "coefficient", 
          "CF values", 
          "study", 
          "hours", 
          "estimation", 
          "values", 
          "new criterion", 
          "soil types", 
          "specimens", 
          "characteristics", 
          "CRS", 
          "system", 
          "agreement", 
          "method", 
          "CV values", 
          "samples", 
          "set of criteria", 
          "fraction", 
          "types", 
          "different rates", 
          "precedure", 
          "modification", 
          "soil samples", 
          "strains", 
          "results", 
          "terms", 
          "part", 
          "acceptance", 
          "theory", 
          "face", 
          "research", 
          "set", 
          "achievement", 
          "same soil type", 
          "cv", 
          "RACE", 
          "consolidation equipment", 
          "whole precedure", 
          "strain (CRS) consolidation theory", 
          "undrained face", 
          "normal constant rate", 
          "direct back pressure system", 
          "back pressure system", 
          "rapid consolidation test", 
          "clay friction", 
          "Tropical Cohesive Soil"
        ], 
        "name": "Criteria of Acceptance for Constant Rate of Strain Consolidation Test for Tropical Cohesive Soil", 
        "pagination": "931-947", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1026701132"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s10706-016-0016-8"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10706-016-0016-8", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026701132"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-01-01T18:40", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_707.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10706-016-0016-8"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10706-016-0016-8'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10706-016-0016-8'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10706-016-0016-8'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10706-016-0016-8'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    186 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      115 URIs      105 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10706-016-0016-8 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0905
    3 schema:author Nf410b49ca5b947c69e06eb68767f8754
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s10706-011-9431-z
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/s10706-014-9819-7
    6 schema:datePublished 2016-04-21
    7 schema:datePublishedReg 2016-04-21
    8 schema:description In this study, the rapid consolidation equipment (RACE) was developed as an alternative device to the conventional consolidation test using Oedometer, consuming merely a few hours for the whole precedure to determine the consolidation characteristics of cohesive soil. RACE operates based on the constant rate of strain (CRS) consolidation theory, which is a continuous loading method of testing, requiring a good estimation of the loading rate such that it is ideal for the achievement of steady state condition during testing. The steady state condition is achieved when the cv values from drained and undrained face of CRS converged with the cv from Oedometer test. A slightly modification has been made on the normal constant rate of strain (CRS) test by proposing a direct back pressure system to the specimen using a tube to saturate the soil sample. This research has produced a set of criteria for determining the suitable rate for the rapid consolidation test based on the ratio of normalized strain rate, β, and proposed a new coefficient in terms of a ratio of β to clay fraction (CF), as a part of new criteria for testing a fine soil. Four types of sample were tested with different rates of strain using the RACE and their results were compared with those conducted using the Oedometer on the same soil type, from which fairly good agreements were evident in many specimens. It was found from the study that the minimum value of normalized strain rate, β, for the CRS test is 0.005 and for the ua/σv ratio is suggested as 0.01. Also, the maximum β/CF for soils with clay friction lower and higher than 50 % are 0.008 and 0.001, respectively. The minimum β/CF value for both conditions is 0.0001.
    9 schema:genre article
    10 schema:inLanguage en
    11 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    12 schema:isPartOf N6b78e9a8bf144108a0e36f5559b7d4cc
    13 Na1440fd3e8aa4a07b1300536cc9f524b
    14 sg:journal.1136344
    15 schema:keywords CF values
    16 CRS
    17 CRS test
    18 CV values
    19 RACE
    20 Tropical Cohesive Soil
    21 UA/
    22 acceptance
    23 achievement
    24 agreement
    25 alternative device
    26 back pressure system
    27 better estimation
    28 characteristics
    29 clay fraction
    30 clay friction
    31 coefficient
    32 cohesive soils
    33 conditions
    34 consolidation characteristics
    35 consolidation equipment
    36 consolidation tests
    37 consolidation theory
    38 constant rate
    39 continuous loading method
    40 conventional consolidation test
    41 criteria
    42 criteria of acceptance
    43 cv
    44 devices
    45 different rates
    46 direct back pressure system
    47 equipment
    48 estimation
    49 face
    50 fine soil
    51 fraction
    52 friction
    53 good agreement
    54 hours
    55 loading method
    56 loading rate
    57 method
    58 minimum value
    59 modification
    60 new coefficients
    61 new criterion
    62 normal constant rate
    63 normalized strain rate
    64 oedometer
    65 oedometer tests
    66 part
    67 precedure
    68 pressure system
    69 rapid consolidation test
    70 rate
    71 ratio
    72 research
    73 results
    74 same soil type
    75 samples
    76 set
    77 set of criteria
    78 soil
    79 soil samples
    80 soil types
    81 specimen
    82 specimens
    83 state conditions
    84 steady state conditions
    85 strain (CRS) consolidation theory
    86 strain consolidation tests
    87 strain rate
    88 strain tests
    89 strains
    90 study
    91 suitable rate
    92 system
    93 terms
    94 test
    95 testing
    96 theory
    97 tube
    98 types
    99 types of samples
    100 undrained face
    101 values
    102 whole precedure
    103 schema:name Criteria of Acceptance for Constant Rate of Strain Consolidation Test for Tropical Cohesive Soil
    104 schema:pagination 931-947
    105 schema:productId Nbf60dc5551fc4eb4ab23921085ecae99
    106 Nf3584a40517d4c2b8e46d1b948e1194b
    107 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026701132
    108 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10706-016-0016-8
    109 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-01-01T18:40
    110 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    111 schema:sdPublisher N5b56db447bd345679864671e5cda4d1a
    112 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s10706-016-0016-8
    113 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    114 sgo:sdDataset articles
    115 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    116 N5b56db447bd345679864671e5cda4d1a schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    117 rdf:type schema:Organization
    118 N6b78e9a8bf144108a0e36f5559b7d4cc schema:volumeNumber 34
    119 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    120 N75362f679b9e49c6b418b4d94fb1c7c6 rdf:first sg:person.011302274665.84
    121 rdf:rest Nc326c73f889e47918b93871502a9620e
    122 N7707e7144b1c4589bac5ff29185da015 rdf:first sg:person.015310432363.82
    123 rdf:rest N95971288fcd14a7ea4158d0b3484a01f
    124 N95971288fcd14a7ea4158d0b3484a01f rdf:first sg:person.016703373363.96
    125 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    126 Na1440fd3e8aa4a07b1300536cc9f524b schema:issueNumber 4
    127 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    128 Nbf60dc5551fc4eb4ab23921085ecae99 schema:name doi
    129 schema:value 10.1007/s10706-016-0016-8
    130 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    131 Nc326c73f889e47918b93871502a9620e rdf:first sg:person.0673166454.30
    132 rdf:rest N7707e7144b1c4589bac5ff29185da015
    133 Nf3584a40517d4c2b8e46d1b948e1194b schema:name dimensions_id
    134 schema:value pub.1026701132
    135 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    136 Nf410b49ca5b947c69e06eb68767f8754 rdf:first sg:person.010771273433.12
    137 rdf:rest N75362f679b9e49c6b418b4d94fb1c7c6
    138 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    139 schema:name Engineering
    140 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    141 anzsrc-for:0905 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    142 schema:name Civil Engineering
    143 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    144 sg:journal.1136344 schema:issn 0960-3182
    145 1573-1529
    146 schema:name Geotechnical and Geological Engineering
    147 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    148 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    149 sg:person.010771273433.12 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.410877.d
    150 schema:familyName Kassim
    151 schema:givenName Khairul Anuar
    152 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010771273433.12
    153 rdf:type schema:Person
    154 sg:person.011302274665.84 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.410877.d
    155 schema:familyName Rashid
    156 schema:givenName Ahmad Safuan A.
    157 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011302274665.84
    158 rdf:type schema:Person
    159 sg:person.015310432363.82 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.410877.d
    160 schema:familyName Yah
    161 schema:givenName Chong Siaw
    162 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015310432363.82
    163 rdf:type schema:Person
    164 sg:person.016703373363.96 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.410877.d
    165 schema:familyName Siang
    166 schema:givenName Lam Chee
    167 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016703373363.96
    168 rdf:type schema:Person
    169 sg:person.0673166454.30 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.410877.d
    170 schema:familyName Kueh
    171 schema:givenName Ahmad Beng Hong
    172 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0673166454.30
    173 rdf:type schema:Person
    174 sg:pub.10.1007/s10706-011-9431-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044327780
    175 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10706-011-9431-z
    176 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    177 sg:pub.10.1007/s10706-014-9819-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044594457
    178 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10706-014-9819-7
    179 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    180 grid-institutes:grid.410877.d schema:alternateName Construction Research Centre, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
    181 Department of Geotechnics and Transportation, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
    182 Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
    183 schema:name Construction Research Centre, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
    184 Department of Geotechnics and Transportation, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
    185 Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
    186 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...