MSI detection and its pitfalls in CMMRD syndrome in a family with a bi-allelic MLH1 mutation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-10

AUTHORS

Aurélia Nguyen, Gaelle Bougeard, Meriam Koob, Marie Pierre Chenard, Anne Schneider, Christine Maugard, Natacha Entz-Werle

ABSTRACT

The constitutional MisMatch Repair deficiency (CMMRD) syndrome is one of the inherited cancer predisposition syndromes. More than two-third patients belonging to a CMMRD family are diagnosed mainly in the first decade with brain cancers and/or hematological malignancies. This syndrome is due to bi-allelic germline mutations in genes of the MMR pathway (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6 or PMS2). Our family report begins with the index case presenting initially with a medulloblastoma, which was even the two relapses in complete remission, when she was diagnosed for an AML. She died after bone marrow transplantation from toxicity. The family history was progressively established when her uncle was diagnosed for a colonic cancer and a cousin for a brain tumor. Surprisingly, her father had an atypical sarcoma but her brother also presented a lymphoma followed by a gliomatosis cerebri. A new MLH1 bi-allelic mutation was identified in this family. More than the diagnostic difficulties, this family report illustrates the complexity of the microsatellite instability detection in CMMRD patients, which has to be discussed further to a more accurate diagnosis in the pediatric setting, and address the question of the proper diagnostic tool to use in such genetic background with hypermutated tumors. More... »

PAGES

571-577

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10689-016-9894-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10689-016-9894-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044736795

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27017609


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42 schema:description The constitutional MisMatch Repair deficiency (CMMRD) syndrome is one of the inherited cancer predisposition syndromes. More than two-third patients belonging to a CMMRD family are diagnosed mainly in the first decade with brain cancers and/or hematological malignancies. This syndrome is due to bi-allelic germline mutations in genes of the MMR pathway (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6 or PMS2). Our family report begins with the index case presenting initially with a medulloblastoma, which was even the two relapses in complete remission, when she was diagnosed for an AML. She died after bone marrow transplantation from toxicity. The family history was progressively established when her uncle was diagnosed for a colonic cancer and a cousin for a brain tumor. Surprisingly, her father had an atypical sarcoma but her brother also presented a lymphoma followed by a gliomatosis cerebri. A new MLH1 bi-allelic mutation was identified in this family. More than the diagnostic difficulties, this family report illustrates the complexity of the microsatellite instability detection in CMMRD patients, which has to be discussed further to a more accurate diagnosis in the pediatric setting, and address the question of the proper diagnostic tool to use in such genetic background with hypermutated tumors.
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