The high-energy Sun - probing the origins of particle acceleration on our nearest star View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-11-09

AUTHORS

S. A Matthews, H. A. S. Reid, D. Baker, D. S. Bloomfield, P. K. Browning, A. Calcines, G. Del Zanna, R. Erdelyi, L. Fletcher, I. G. Hannah, N. Jeffrey, L. Klein, S. Krucker, E. Kontar, D. M. Long, A. MacKinnon, G. Mann, M. Mathioudakis, R. Milligan, V. M. Nakariakov, M. Pesce-Rollins, A. Y. Shih, D. Smith, A. Veronig, N. Vilmer

ABSTRACT

As a frequent and energetic particle accelerator, our Sun provides us with an excellent astrophysical laboratory for understanding the fundamental process of particle acceleration. The exploitation of radiative diagnostics from electrons has shown that acceleration operates on sub-second time scales in a complex magnetic environment, where direct electric fields, wave turbulence, and shock waves all must contribute, although precise details are severely lacking. Ions were assumed to be accelerated in a similar manner to electrons, but γ-ray imaging confirmed that emission sources are spatially separated from X-ray sources, suggesting distinctly different acceleration mechanisms. Current X-ray and γ-ray spectroscopy provides only a basic understanding of accelerated particle spectra and the total energy budgets are therefore poorly constrained. Additionally, the recent detection of relativistic ion signatures lasting many hours, without an electron counterpart, is an enigma. We propose a single platform to directly measure the physical conditions present in the energy release sites and the environment in which the particles propagate and deposit their energy. To address this fundamental issue, we set out a suite of dedicated instruments that will probe both electrons and ions simultaneously to observe; high (seconds) temporal resolution photon spectra (4 keV – 150 MeV) with simultaneous imaging (1 keV – 30 MeV), polarization measurements (5–1000 keV) and high spatial and temporal resolution imaging spectroscopy in the UV/EUV/SXR (soft X-ray) regimes. These instruments will observe the broad range of radiative signatures produced in the solar atmosphere by accelerated particles. More... »

PAGES

1-26

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Experimental Astronomy

    ISSUE

    N/A

    VOLUME

    N/A

    Author Affiliations

  • UCL, Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Holmbury St Mary, RH5 6NT, Dorking, UK
  • Department of Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
  • School of Physics & Astronomy, The University of Manchester, Oxford Road, M13 9PL, Manchester, UK
  • Centre for Advanced Instrumentation, Durham University, South Road, DH1 3LE, Durham, UK
  • DAMTP, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, CB3 0WA, Cambridge, UK
  • Gyula Bay Zoltán Solar Observatory (GSO), Hungarian Solar Physics Foundation (HSPF), Petőfi tér 3, H-5700, Gyula, Hungary
  • Rosseland Centre for Solar Physics, University of Oslo, Blindern, P.O.Box 1029, NO-0315, Oslo, Norway
  • SUPA School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Glasgow, G12 8QQ, Glasgow, UK
  • LESIA, Observatoire Paris, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190, Meudon, France
  • School of Engineering, FHNW University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland, Bahnhofstrasse 6, CH-5210, Windisch, Switzerland
  • Solar Physics Section, Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, D-14482, Potsdam, Germany
  • Astrophysics Research Centre, School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen’s University, BT7 1NN, Belfast, UK
  • Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, CV4 7AL, Coventry, UK
  • Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Pisa, Italy
  • NASA Goddard Space Flight Centre, 20771, Greenbelt, MD, USA
  • Physics Department, UC Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, 95064, Santa Cruz, CA, USA
  • University of Graz, Universitätsplatz, 58010, Graz, Austria
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10686-021-09798-6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10686-021-09798-6

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1142475997


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