The search for living worlds and the connection to our cosmic origins View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-10-15

AUTHORS

M. A. Barstow, S. Aigrain, J. K. Barstow, M. Barthelemy, B. Biller, A. Bonanos, L. Buchhave, S. L. Casewell, C. Charbonnel, S. Charlot, R. Davies, N. Devaney, C. Evans, M. Ferrari, L. Fossati, B. Gänsicke, M. Garcia, A. I. Gomez de Castro, T. Henning, C. Lintott, C. Knigge, C. Neiner, L. Rossi, C. Snodgrass, D. Stam, E. Tolstoy, M. Tosi

ABSTRACT

One of the most exciting scientific challenges is to detect Earth-like planets in the habitable zones of other stars in the galaxy and search for evidence of life. During the past 20 years the detection of exoplanets, orbiting stars beyond our own, has moved from science fiction to science fact. From the first handful of gas giants, found through radial velocity studies, detection techniques have increased in sensitivity, finding smaller planets and diverse multi-planet systems. Through enhanced ground-based spectroscopic observations, transit detection techniques and the enormous productivity of the Kepler space mission, the number of confirmed planets has increased to more than 2000. Several space missions, including TESS (NASA), now operational, and PLATO (ESA), will extend the parameter space for exoplanet discovery towards the regime of rocky Earth-like planets and take the census of such bodies in the neighbourhood of the Solar System. The ability to observe and characterise dozens of potentially rocky Earth-like planets now lies within the realm of possibility due to rapid advances in key space and imaging technologies and active studies of potential missions have been underway for a number of years. The latest of these is the Large UV Optical IR space telescope (LUVOIR), one of four flagship mission studies commissioned by NASA in support of the 2020 US Decadal Survey. LUVOIR, if selected, will be of interest to a wide scientific community and will be the only telescope capable of searching for and characterizing a sufficient number of exo-Earths to provide a meaningful answer to the question “Are we alone?”. This contribution is a White Paper that has been submitted in response to the ESA Voyage 2050 Call. More... »

PAGES

1-32

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Experimental Astronomy

    ISSUE

    N/A

    VOLUME

    N/A

    Author Affiliations

  • School of Physics & Astronomy, University of Leicester, LE1 7RH, Leicester, UK
  • Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
  • School of Physical Sciences, The Open University, Keynes, UK
  • Institut de Planétologie et d’Astrophysique, Université de Grenoble, Grenoble, France
  • Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics & Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
  • National Observatory Athens, Athens, Greece
  • DTU Space, National Space Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Elektrovej 328, DK-2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
  • Observatoire de Genève, Universitè de Genève, Genève, Switzerland
  • Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, Paris, France
  • School of Physics, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland
  • Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
  • Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Marseille, France
  • Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Schmiedlstrasse 6, 8042, Graz, Austria
  • Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Warwick, UK
  • CAB, CSIC-INTA, Madrid, Spain
  • Departamento de Física de la Tierra y Astrofísica, University de Complutense, Madrid, Spain
  • MPIA, Heidelberg, Germany
  • School of Physics & Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
  • LESIA, Paris Observatory, PSL University, CNRS, Sorbonne University, Université de Paris, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195, Meudon, France
  • LATMOS/IPSL, UVSQ Université Paris-Saclay, Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Guyancourt, France
  • Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
  • Kapteyn Astronomical Instititute, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
  • INAF, Bologna, Italy
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10686-021-09787-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10686-021-09787-9

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1141917032


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