Soft proton flux on ATHENA focal plane and its impact on the magnetic diverter design View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-08-14

AUTHORS

Simone Lotti, Teresa Mineo, Christian Jacquey, Monica Laurenza, Valentina Fioretti, Gabriele Minervini, Giovanni Santin, Silvano Molendi, Tommaso Alberti, Paolo Dondero, Alfonso Mantero, Vladimir Ivanchencko, Claudio Macculi, Luigi Piro

ABSTRACT

The experience gained with the current generation of X-ray telescopes like Chandra and XMM-Newton has shown that low energy “soft” protons can pose a severe threat to the possibility to exploit scientific data, reducing the available exposure times by up to 50% and introducing a poorly reproducible background component. These soft protons are present in orbits outside the radiation belts and enter the mirrors, being concentrated towards the focal plane instruments, losing energy along their path and finally depositing their remaining energy in the detectors. Their contribution to the residual background will be even higher for ATHENA with respect to previous missions, given the much higher collecting area of the mirrors, even if the instruments will likely suffer no significant radiation damage from this particles flux. As a consequence this soft proton flux shall be damped with the use of a magnetic diverter to avoid excess background loading on the WFI or X-IFU instruments. We present here a first complete evaluation of this background component for the two focal plane instruments of the ATHENA mission in absence of a magnetic diverter, and derive the requirements for such device to reduce the soft protons induced background below the level required to enable the mission science. We estimate the soft proton flux expected in L2 for the interplanetary component and for the component generated locally by acceleration processes in the magnetotail. We produce a proton response matrix for each of the two instruments of ATHENA focal plane, exploiting two independent Monte Carlo simulations to estimate the optics concentration efficiency, and Geant4 simulations to evaluate the energy loss inside the radiation filters and deposited in the detector. With this modular approach we derive the expected fluxes and spectra for the soft protons component of the background. Finally, we calculate the specifics of a magnetic diverter able to reduce such flux below the required level for both X-IFU and WFI. More... »

PAGES

411-428

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10686-018-9599-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10686-018-9599-9

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106158619


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