Genetic diversity analysis in indigenous rice (Oryza sativa L.) germplasm for bacterial leaf blight (Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae) (BB) using ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2021-06-16

AUTHORS

K. R. Khannetah, S. Ramchander, M. T. Andrew Peter Leon, D. Shoba, S. Saravanan, R. Kannan, Jeshima Khan Yasin, Madhavan Arumugam Pillai

ABSTRACT

Among rice (Oryza sativa L.) bacterial leaf blight (BB), which is caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, plays a pivotal role in decreasing rice yield. It is reported to be the most serious constraint to improving rice yield. The present investigation assessed the potentiality of BB resistance and molecular characterization of 100 rice accessions for four major BB resistance genes, viz., Xa4, xa5, xa13, and Xa21. Disease screening was carried out under glasshouse conditions using a BB culture isolated from BB-infected rice fields through the leaf clipping method. Analyses of 13 BB resistance genes linked with polymorphic microsatellites markers indicated the presence of single-, two-, three-, and four-gene combinations of xa5, xa13, Xa4, and Xa21. We found four accessions to be resistant, 34 accessions to be moderately resistant, 49 accessions to be moderately susceptible, and 13 accessions to be susceptible. Among the resistant lines, IR12L110, Namcheonbyeo, Dhalaheera, and SahbhagiDhan recorded a minimum lesion length of 3.70, 4.20, 4.67, and 8.30 cm, respectively. Phylogenetic tree, constructed using molecular data, grouped the rice germplasm into four major clusters. Resistant genes xa5 and Xa4 contributed 14 positive compatible resistant genes, each belonging to 28 germplasm for the BB resistance. The potential genetic resources identified as resistant to the BB can be used as donors for the improvement of rice bacterial blight resistance in rice breeding programs. More... »

PAGES

145

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2016. Evaluation of Pyramided Rice Genotypes Derived from Cross Between CSR-30 and IRBB-60 Basmati Variety against Bacterial Leaf Blight in VEGETOS
  • 2015-01-17. A receptor like kinase gene with expressional responsiveness on Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae is essential for Xa21-mediated disease resistance in RICE
  • 1997-07. Microsatellite and sequence-tagged site markers diagnostic for the rice bacterial leaf blight resistance gene xa-5 in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
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  • 2012-12-21. Molecular and pathogenic characterization of new Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae strains from the coastline region of Fangchenggang city in China in WORLD JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1997-09. Development of a microsatellite framework map providing genome-wide coverage in rice (Oryza sativa L.) in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2003-03. DNA fingerprinting and virulence analysis of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae isolates from Punjab, northern India in EUPHYTICA
  • 2006-01-01. Rice in CEREALS AND MILLETS
  • 2012-09-08. Improvement of two traditional Basmati rice varieties for bacterial blight resistance and plant stature through morphological and marker-assisted selection in MOLECULAR BREEDING
  • 1996-10. Development of microsatellite markers and characterization of simple sequence length polymorphism (SSLP) in rice (Oryza sativa L.) in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1993-08. Genetic and physical mapping of telomeres and macrosatellites of rice in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 2002-10-29. Identification of a 47-kb DNA fragment containing Xa4, a locus for bacterial blight resistance in rice in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10681-021-02862-4

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    71 leaf clipping method
    72 length
    73 lesion length
    74 lines
    75 major BB resistance genes
    76 major clusters
    77 markers
    78 method
    79 microsatellite markers
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    81 molecular characterization
    82 molecular data
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    84 oryzae pv
    85 phylogenetic tree
    86 pivotal role
    87 polymorphic microsatellite markers
    88 positive compatible resistant genes
    89 potential genetic resource
    90 potentiality
    91 presence
    92 present investigation
    93 program
    94 resistance
    95 resistance genes
    96 resistance genes-linked markers
    97 resistant genes
    98 resistant lines
    99 resources
    100 rice accessions
    101 rice bacterial blight resistance
    102 rice bacterial leaf blight
    103 rice breeding programs
    104 rice fields
    105 rice germplasm
    106 rice yield
    107 role
    108 screening
    109 serious constraint
    110 trees
    111 viz
    112 xa13
    113 xa5
    114 yield
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