Marker assisted backcross breeding approach to improve blast resistance in Indian rice (Oryza sativa) variety ADT43 View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2014-05-27

AUTHORS

Balakrishnan Divya, S. Robin, R. Rabindran, S. Senthil, M. Raveendran, A. John Joel

ABSTRACT

Marker assisted backcrossing breeding has become one of the essential tools in transferring novel genes to adapted varieties and was employed to pyramid three blast resistance genes Pi1, Pi2 and Pi33 to a popular susceptible rice variety ADT43. Gene pyramiding process was facilitated by marker aided selection for both foreground as well as background genotype. Previously reported linked molecular markers were deployed to survey resistant and susceptible genotypes. In the BC3F1 generation four lines viz, AC-B3-11-7, AC-B3-11-36, AC-B3-11-57, AC-B3-11-83 were identified to be pyramided with three genes and subjected to background analysis and a genome recovery up to 95 % was observed and advanced to further generations. Morphological, yield and grain quality traits were significantly similar to ADT43. The introgressed lines with three gene combinations were highly resistant to the blast pathogen compared to genotypes with single genes and the susceptible checks under blast nursery screening at two epiphytotic locations; Coimbatore and Gudalur. The selected three gene pyramided backcross lines in the desirable background were advanced to obtain an improved ADT 43 with resistance to blast disease. More... »

PAGES

61-77

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2003-09-03. Molecular markers linked to the blast resistance gene Pi-z in rice for use in marker-assisted selection in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
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  • 2007-07-27. A marker-assisted backcross approach for developing submergence-tolerant rice cultivars in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2010-10-08. Rapid and high-precision marker assisted backcrossing to introgress the SUB1 QTL into BR11, the rainfed lowland rice mega variety of Bangladesh in EUPHYTICA
  • 2010-03-14. Genomic structure and evolution of the Pi2/9 locus in wild rice species in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2013-02-08. Development of breeding lines with three pyramided resistance genes that confer broad-spectrum bacterial blight resistance and their molecular analysis in rice in RICE
  • 2010-04-20. A set of near-isogenic lines of Indica-type rice variety CO 39 as differential varieties for blast resistance in MOLECULAR BREEDING
  • 1995-12. Tagging and combining bacterial blight resistance genes in rice using RAPD and RFLP markers in MOLECULAR BREEDING
  • 1997-09. Development of a microsatellite framework map providing genome-wide coverage in rice (Oryza sativa L.) in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
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  • 2010-02-24. Marker-assisted improvement of bacterial blight resistance in parental lines of Pusa RH10, a superfine grain aromatic rice hybrid in MOLECULAR BREEDING
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    31 schema:description Marker assisted backcrossing breeding has become one of the essential tools in transferring novel genes to adapted varieties and was employed to pyramid three blast resistance genes Pi1, Pi2 and Pi33 to a popular susceptible rice variety ADT43. Gene pyramiding process was facilitated by marker aided selection for both foreground as well as background genotype. Previously reported linked molecular markers were deployed to survey resistant and susceptible genotypes. In the BC3F1 generation four lines viz, AC-B3-11-7, AC-B3-11-36, AC-B3-11-57, AC-B3-11-83 were identified to be pyramided with three genes and subjected to background analysis and a genome recovery up to 95 % was observed and advanced to further generations. Morphological, yield and grain quality traits were significantly similar to ADT43. The introgressed lines with three gene combinations were highly resistant to the blast pathogen compared to genotypes with single genes and the susceptible checks under blast nursery screening at two epiphytotic locations; Coimbatore and Gudalur. The selected three gene pyramided backcross lines in the desirable background were advanced to obtain an improved ADT 43 with resistance to blast disease.
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    40 ADT43
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    43 Gudalur
    44 Indian rice (Oryza sativa) variety ADT43
    45 Pi1
    46 Pi2
    47 Pi33
    48 analysis
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    51 backcross lines
    52 background
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    55 blast nursery
    56 blast pathogen
    57 blast resistance
    58 blast resistance genes Pi1
    59 breeding
    60 breeding approaches
    61 check
    62 combination
    63 desirable background
    64 disease
    65 epiphytotic locations
    66 essential tool
    67 foreground
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    69 further generations
    70 gene combinations
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    73 genes
    74 genes Pi1
    75 genome recovery
    76 genotypes
    77 grain quality traits
    78 improved ADT 43
    79 lines
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    81 location
    82 markers
    83 molecular markers
    84 novel genes
    85 nursery
    86 pathogens
    87 popular susceptible rice variety ADT43
    88 process
    89 quality traits
    90 recovery
    91 resistance
    92 resistance genes Pi1
    93 rice variety ADT43
    94 selection
    95 single gene
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