Pyramiding of two bacterial blight resistance and a semidwarfing gene in Type 3 Basmati using marker-assisted selection View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2010-10-26

AUTHORS

Deepak Rajpurohit, Rahul Kumar, Mankesh Kumar, Priyanka Paul, Anjali Awasthi, P. Osman Basha, Anju Puri, Tripta Jhang, Kuldeep Singh, Harcharan Singh Dhaliwal

ABSTRACT

A traditional Type 3 Basmati rice cultivar grown in India is tall and lodges even under low nitrogen fertilizer dose. In addition to lodging, it is highly susceptible to several diseases and pests including bacterial blight (BB). BB resistance genes (Xa21 and xa13) and a semidwarfing gene (sd-1) were pyramided in Type 3 Basmati from a rice cultivar PR106-P2 using marker-assisted selection (MAS). Foreground selection for BB resistance genes, Xa21 and xa13 and reduced plant height gene, sd-1 was carried on the basis of linked molecular markers pTA248, RG136 and ‘h’, respectively. The BC2F3 progenies with both the BB resistance genes were highly resistant with lower lesion length than either of the genes individually. Background profiling of the selected 16 BC2F3 progenies was done using 95 anchored SSR and 12 ISSR markers. Among the selected 16 BC2F3 progenies, 38-5-2 and 38-5-36 closely clustered along with the recipient parent Type 3 Basmati showing above 85% genetic similarity with the same. Further selection was continued till F5 generation for higher recovery for Type 3 Basmati characteristics. The desirable alleles of intermediate amylose content (wx) and aroma (fgr) loci of Type 3 Basmati were also tracked using the linked SSR markers. The BC2F5 pyramid lines T3-4, T3-5, T3-6 and T3-7 homozygous for the three target genes Xa21, xa13 and sd-1 from the donor parent with wx and fgr alleles of Type 3 Basmati had excellent cooking quality and strong aroma. More... »

PAGES

111-126

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2001-05. Pyramiding three bacterial blight resistance genes (xa5, xa13 and Xa21) using marker-assisted selection into indica rice cultivar PR106 in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2005-11-17. Targeting xa13, a recessive gene for bacterial blight resistance in rice in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1992-12. Genetic and physical analysis of the rice bacterial blight disease resistance locus, Xa21 in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1999-05. Genetic and physical mapping of xa13, a recessive bacterial blight resistance gene in rice in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2005-10-15. High-resolution mapping, cloning and molecular characterization of the Pi-kh gene of rice, which confers resistance to Magnaporthe grisea in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
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  • 2008-08-12. Identification and fine mapping of the new bacterial blight resistance gene, Xa31(t), in rice in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PLANT PATHOLOGY
  • 2000-08. PCR-based molecular markers for the fragrance gene in rice (Oryza sativa. L.) in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2006-08-11. SSR analysis of chromosome 8 regions associated with aroma and cooked kernel elongation in Basmati rice in EUPHYTICA
  • 1996-11. Aroma in rice: genetic analysis of a quantitative trait in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2007-09-18. Marker assisted introgression of bacterial blight resistance in Samba Mahsuri, an elite indica rice variety in EUPHYTICA
  • 2000-03. Mapping and genome organization of microsatellite sequences in rice (Oryza sativa L.) in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2004-05. Combining bacterial blight resistance and Basmati quality characteristics by phenotypic and molecular marker-assisted selection in rice in MOLECULAR BREEDING
  • 1997-01. Highly polymorphic microsatellites of rice consist of AT repeats, and a classification of closely related cultivars with these microsatellite loci in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
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    26 schema:description A traditional Type 3 Basmati rice cultivar grown in India is tall and lodges even under low nitrogen fertilizer dose. In addition to lodging, it is highly susceptible to several diseases and pests including bacterial blight (BB). BB resistance genes (Xa21 and xa13) and a semidwarfing gene (sd-1) were pyramided in Type 3 Basmati from a rice cultivar PR106-P2 using marker-assisted selection (MAS). Foreground selection for BB resistance genes, Xa21 and xa13 and reduced plant height gene, sd-1 was carried on the basis of linked molecular markers pTA248, RG136 and ‘h’, respectively. The BC2F3 progenies with both the BB resistance genes were highly resistant with lower lesion length than either of the genes individually. Background profiling of the selected 16 BC2F3 progenies was done using 95 anchored SSR and 12 ISSR markers. Among the selected 16 BC2F3 progenies, 38-5-2 and 38-5-36 closely clustered along with the recipient parent Type 3 Basmati showing above 85% genetic similarity with the same. Further selection was continued till F5 generation for higher recovery for Type 3 Basmati characteristics. The desirable alleles of intermediate amylose content (wx) and aroma (fgr) loci of Type 3 Basmati were also tracked using the linked SSR markers. The BC2F5 pyramid lines T3-4, T3-5, T3-6 and T3-7 homozygous for the three target genes Xa21, xa13 and sd-1 from the donor parent with wx and fgr alleles of Type 3 Basmati had excellent cooking quality and strong aroma.
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    34 BC2F3 progenies
    35 BC2F5 pyramid lines T3
    36 Background profiling
    37 Basmati
    38 Basmati characteristics
    39 Basmati rice cultivar
    40 F5 generation
    41 ISSR markers
    42 India
    43 Lodge
    44 PR106-P2
    45 SD-1
    46 SSR
    47 SSR markers
    48 T3
    49 Type 3 Basmati
    50 Type 3 Basmati characteristics
    51 Type 3 Basmati rice cultivar
    52 Xa21
    53 addition
    54 alleles
    55 amylose content
    56 aroma
    57 aroma (fgr) loci
    58 bacterial blight
    59 bacterial blight resistance
    60 basis
    61 blight
    62 blight resistance
    63 characteristics
    64 content
    65 cooking quality
    66 cultivar PR106-P2
    67 cultivars
    68 desirable alleles
    69 disease
    70 donor parent
    71 dose
    72 excellent cooking quality
    73 fertilizer dose
    74 fgr allele
    75 foreground selection
    76 further selection
    77 gene Xa21
    78 generation
    79 genes
    80 genetic similarity
    81 height genes
    82 high recovery
    83 homozygous
    84 intermediate amylose content
    85 length
    86 lesion length
    87 lines T3
    88 loci
    89 lodging
    90 low nitrogen fertilizer dose
    91 lower lesion length
    92 marker-assisted selection
    93 markers
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    95 nitrogen fertilizer dose
    96 parent Type 3 Basmati
    97 parents
    98 pests
    99 plant height genes
    100 profiling
    101 progeny
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    103 quality
    104 recipient parent Type 3 Basmati
    105 recovery
    106 resistance
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    108 rice cultivar PR106-P2
    109 rice cultivars
    110 selection
    111 semidwarfing gene
    112 similarity
    113 strong aroma
    114 target genes Xa21
    115 traditional Type 3 Basmati rice cultivar
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    118 schema:name Pyramiding of two bacterial blight resistance and a semidwarfing gene in Type 3 Basmati using marker-assisted selection
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