Modulations in growth, structure, cell viability and antioxidant enzyme of a nodule bacterium Mesorhizobium ciceri induced by pesticides View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2020-05-04

AUTHORS

Mohammad Shahid, Almas Zaidi, Mohd. Saghir Khan

ABSTRACT

A rapid increase in the application of synthetic pesticides in agricultural practices causes a severe hazard to agro-sustainability and soil microflora. Considering these threatening problems, the present study aimed to investigate the impact of different groups of pesticides on growth, cellular morphostructure, permeability and antioxidant enzyme of a symbiotic Gram-negative bacterium recovered from chickpea nodules. Pesticide-tolerant strain BRM5 was characterized and phylogenetically (accession no. KY013481) identified as Mesorhizobium ciceri. Strain BRM5 tolerated up to the level of 1200, 1600, 1600, 2400, 2400, 1800, 2400, 2400 and 3200 μg mL−1 of glyphosate, quizalofop, atrazine, kitazin, metalaxyl, hexaconazole, fipronil, monocrotophos and imidacloprid, respectively. Among all concentrations, 3X concentrations of each pesticide had most fatal to bacterial cells. The growth pattern of strain BRM5 was decreased linearly with increasing incubation times. Scanning electron micrograph (SEM) images of pesticide-treated bacterial cells revealed the distorted, broken, irregular, misshaped and larger-sized cell as compared to untreated cells. Upon staining with acridine orange (AO)/propidium iodide (PI), active/living cells appeared as green colour, whereas dead cells appeared as red colour under confocal microscope (CLSM). This is the clear indication of loss in cell viability following the pesticide exposure. The generation of oxidative stress (catalase) by strain BRM5 induced under pesticides pressure further revealed the pesticidal toxicity. CAT activity of BRM5 was decreased with the enhancement in pesticide concentrations. For instance, CAT activity of BRM5 was decreased by 45%, 71% and 83% when cultured in liquid medium treated with 3X doses of each glyphosate, kitazin and fipronil, respectively. Overall, the present study visibly indicated that pesticides inhibited the growth, disrupted the morphology and reduced the permeability and antioxidant producing ability of bacteria. So, from this study, it is suggested that before applying the pesticides in legume production strategies, the recommended pesticides be carefully examined to avoid the toxicity problems, if any. More... »

PAGES

4103-4119

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2008-01-10. Morphological changes in an acidophilic bacterium induced by heavy metals in EXTREMOPHILES
  • 2018-12-04. Enhanced yield of diverse varieties of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) by different isolates of Mesorhizobium ciceri in ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
  • 2018-04-17. Assessment of toxic impact of metals on proline, antioxidant enzymes, and biological characteristics of Pseudomonas aeruginosa inoculated Cicer arietinum grown in chromium and nickel-stressed sandy clay loam soils in ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT
  • 2018-02-14. Glyphosate induced toxicity to chickpea plants and stress alleviation by herbicide tolerant phosphate solubilizing Burkholderia cepacia PSBB1 carrying multifarious plant growth promoting activities in 3 BIOTECH
  • 2017-04-06. Impact of Different Developmental Projects on Soil Fertility in SOIL POLLUTION - AN EMERGING THREAT TO AGRICULTURE
  • 2019-03-29. Effective Inhibition of Phytopathogenic Microbes by Eco-Friendly Leaf Extract Mediated Silver Nanoparticles (AgNPs) in INDIAN JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2001-06. Pesticide effects on bacterial diversity in agricultural soils – a review in BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS
  • 2011-01-13. Suitability of Immobilized Pseudomonas fluorescens SM1 Strain for Remediation of Phenols, Heavy Metals, and Pesticides from Water in WATER, AIR, & SOIL POLLUTION
  • 2018-07. Assessment of genotoxic effects of pesticide and vermicompost treated soil with Allium cepa test in SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH
  • 2005-10-06. Chemical modulation of physiological adaptation and cross-protective responses against oxidative stress in soil bacterium and phytopathogen, Xanthomonas in JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2019-02-28. 16S rRNA gene sequencing and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry based comparative assessment and bioprospection of psychrotolerant bacteria isolated from high altitudes under mountain ecosystem in SN APPLIED SCIENCES
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