Impact of environment and LULC changes on groundwater resources in the Soan Basin, western Himalaya View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2022-07-26

AUTHORS

Divya Thakur, S. K. Bartarya, H. C. Nainwal, Som Dutt

ABSTRACT

The present study assesses the environmental and Land Use Landcover (LULC) changes in the Soan Basin, western Himalaya between 1999 and 2015 and their impacts on groundwater quality and static water level (SWL). An increase in the area of agricultural land (19%), settlement (~ 300%), and dense forest (25%) at the expense of open forest and waste cum grazing land was observed subsequently since the year 1999. SWL was lowered in the basin between 1999 and 2013 due to less groundwater recharge with decreased permeable surfaces and decreased rainfall, except in a few locations in the valley fill region plausibly due to the secondary recharge through seepages, infiltration of irrigational wastewater, and waterlogging in the agricultural fields. A continuous lowering of SWL after 2015, even after increasing the rain amount significantly, indicates overexploitation of groundwater in the region. Enhanced use of fertilizers has resulted in an increased concentration of Na+ and Cl− ions in groundwater. The results are further substantiated by comparing the hydrochemical data for the years 1999 and 2015, which again indicate the high concentration of Na+ and Cl− ions due to waterlogging. From 1999 to 2015, nitrate (average 12.8 mg/l to 16 mg/l) and fluoride concentration (average 0.3 to 0.9) have also increased because of the excessive use of fertilizers in the agricultural fields. The increasing trend of nitrate concentrations in water in successive years since 1994 supports the changes observed in an agricultural pattern in LULC maps for the years 1999, 2009, and 2015. The results divulge that the groundwater quality of the basin has been deteriorating due to an increase in agricultural practices and demands for appropriate water management practices. More... »

PAGES

612

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10661-022-10243-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-022-10243-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1149764891

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35881258


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/04", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Earth Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0406", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Environmental Monitoring", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Fertilizers", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Forests", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Groundwater", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Nitrates", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Water", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Water Pollutants, Chemical", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, 33 General Mahadeo Singh Road, 248001, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.470038.8", 
          "name": [
            "National Institute of Hydrology, 247667, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India", 
            "Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, 33 General Mahadeo Singh Road, 248001, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Thakur", 
        "givenName": "Divya", 
        "id": "sg:person.012762257276.72", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012762257276.72"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, 33 General Mahadeo Singh Road, 248001, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.470038.8", 
          "name": [
            "Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, 33 General Mahadeo Singh Road, 248001, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bartarya", 
        "givenName": "S. K.", 
        "id": "sg:person.07635452653.15", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07635452653.15"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Geology, HNB Garhwal University, Chauras Campus, 249161, Srinagar-Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412161.1", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Geology, HNB Garhwal University, Chauras Campus, 249161, Srinagar-Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nainwal", 
        "givenName": "H. C.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016450441317.49", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016450441317.49"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research (AcSIR), 201002, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.469887.c", 
          "name": [
            "Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, 33 General Mahadeo Singh Road, 248001, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India", 
            "Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research (AcSIR), 201002, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Dutt", 
        "givenName": "Som", 
        "id": "sg:person.01257020130.46", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01257020130.46"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00254-004-1164-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025503564", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-004-1164-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12665-018-7552-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103971204", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-018-7552-x"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12665-018-7891-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107664559", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-018-7891-7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s002670010122", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002489344", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s002670010122"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-005-0434-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051475059", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-005-0434-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2022-07-26", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2022-07-26", 
    "description": "The present study assesses the environmental and Land Use Landcover (LULC) changes in the Soan Basin, western Himalaya between 1999 and 2015 and their impacts on groundwater quality and static water level (SWL). An increase in the area of agricultural land (19%), settlement (~\u2009300%), and dense forest (25%) at the expense of open forest and waste cum grazing land was observed subsequently since the year 1999. SWL was lowered in the basin between 1999 and 2013 due to less groundwater recharge with decreased permeable surfaces and decreased rainfall, except in a few locations in the valley fill region plausibly due to the secondary recharge through seepages, infiltration of irrigational wastewater, and waterlogging in the agricultural fields. A continuous lowering of SWL after 2015, even after increasing the rain amount significantly, indicates overexploitation of groundwater in the region. Enhanced use of fertilizers has resulted in an increased concentration of Na+ and Cl\u2212 ions in groundwater. The results are further substantiated by comparing the hydrochemical data for the years 1999 and 2015, which again indicate the high concentration of Na+ and Cl\u2212 ions due to waterlogging. From 1999 to 2015, nitrate (average 12.8\u00a0mg/l to 16\u00a0mg/l) and fluoride concentration (average 0.3 to 0.9) have also increased because of the excessive use of fertilizers in the agricultural fields. The increasing trend of nitrate concentrations in water in successive years since 1994 supports the changes observed in an agricultural pattern in LULC maps for the years 1999, 2009, and 2015. The results divulge that the groundwater quality of the basin has been deteriorating due to an increase in agricultural practices and demands for appropriate water management practices.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-022-10243-0", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1095684", 
        "issn": [
          "0167-6369", 
          "1573-2959"
        ], 
        "name": "Environmental Monitoring and Assessment", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "9", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "194"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "static water level", 
      "groundwater quality", 
      "western Himalaya", 
      "appropriate water management practices", 
      "overexploitation of groundwater", 
      "water management practices", 
      "agricultural fields", 
      "hydrochemical data", 
      "rain amount", 
      "groundwater resources", 
      "less groundwater", 
      "continuous lowering", 
      "water level", 
      "basin", 
      "fill region", 
      "LULC changes", 
      "landcover change", 
      "groundwater", 
      "nitrate concentrations", 
      "LULC maps", 
      "agricultural patterns", 
      "Himalaya", 
      "open forest", 
      "years 1999", 
      "agricultural land", 
      "use of fertilizers", 
      "dense forest", 
      "fluoride concentration", 
      "agricultural practices", 
      "land", 
      "grazing lands", 
      "management practices", 
      "recharge", 
      "rainfall", 
      "high concentrations", 
      "successive years", 
      "seepage", 
      "excessive use", 
      "permeable surface", 
      "forest", 
      "region", 
      "fertilizer", 
      "overexploitation", 
      "impact of environment", 
      "concentration", 
      "water", 
      "changes", 
      "nitrate", 
      "impact", 
      "trends", 
      "area", 
      "maps", 
      "settlement", 
      "location", 
      "lowering", 
      "field", 
      "surface", 
      "patterns", 
      "infiltration", 
      "environment", 
      "increase", 
      "practice", 
      "data", 
      "quality", 
      "amount", 
      "resources", 
      "years", 
      "results", 
      "use", 
      "present study", 
      "demand", 
      "wastewater", 
      "study", 
      "expense", 
      "ions", 
      "levels"
    ], 
    "name": "Impact of environment and LULC changes on groundwater resources in the Soan Basin, western Himalaya", 
    "pagination": "612", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1149764891"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s10661-022-10243-0"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "35881258"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-022-10243-0", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1149764891"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-09-02T16:07", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220902/entities/gbq_results/article/article_939.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-022-10243-0"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10661-022-10243-0'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10661-022-10243-0'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10661-022-10243-0'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10661-022-10243-0'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

214 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      113 URIs      100 LITERALS      14 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-022-10243-0 schema:about N27a05cbba965423a8f10d06074f8a2b3
2 N767d67db2e754abc90a3768800d23b52
3 N860cf6554d8f4fbe997e53d4b7ee45d4
4 N96c16d2ff0124daab1f7d358f823006d
5 N9be2be2a49b1410d83b11621271e6011
6 Na59b48bccaa74871b9f3da593eb360ce
7 Nca12fd89dc044f69be0ec6370981e4a1
8 anzsrc-for:04
9 anzsrc-for:0406
10 schema:author N7afa191e655445d5916e56ab98e29a89
11 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00254-004-1164-3
12 sg:pub.10.1007/s002670010122
13 sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-005-0434-9
14 sg:pub.10.1007/s12665-018-7552-x
15 sg:pub.10.1007/s12665-018-7891-7
16 schema:datePublished 2022-07-26
17 schema:datePublishedReg 2022-07-26
18 schema:description The present study assesses the environmental and Land Use Landcover (LULC) changes in the Soan Basin, western Himalaya between 1999 and 2015 and their impacts on groundwater quality and static water level (SWL). An increase in the area of agricultural land (19%), settlement (~ 300%), and dense forest (25%) at the expense of open forest and waste cum grazing land was observed subsequently since the year 1999. SWL was lowered in the basin between 1999 and 2013 due to less groundwater recharge with decreased permeable surfaces and decreased rainfall, except in a few locations in the valley fill region plausibly due to the secondary recharge through seepages, infiltration of irrigational wastewater, and waterlogging in the agricultural fields. A continuous lowering of SWL after 2015, even after increasing the rain amount significantly, indicates overexploitation of groundwater in the region. Enhanced use of fertilizers has resulted in an increased concentration of Na+ and Cl− ions in groundwater. The results are further substantiated by comparing the hydrochemical data for the years 1999 and 2015, which again indicate the high concentration of Na+ and Cl− ions due to waterlogging. From 1999 to 2015, nitrate (average 12.8 mg/l to 16 mg/l) and fluoride concentration (average 0.3 to 0.9) have also increased because of the excessive use of fertilizers in the agricultural fields. The increasing trend of nitrate concentrations in water in successive years since 1994 supports the changes observed in an agricultural pattern in LULC maps for the years 1999, 2009, and 2015. The results divulge that the groundwater quality of the basin has been deteriorating due to an increase in agricultural practices and demands for appropriate water management practices.
19 schema:genre article
20 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
21 schema:isPartOf N684732f941c74707a23ce60899fe914b
22 Na21338a0bdc34aea9847d560906c3997
23 sg:journal.1095684
24 schema:keywords Himalaya
25 LULC changes
26 LULC maps
27 agricultural fields
28 agricultural land
29 agricultural patterns
30 agricultural practices
31 amount
32 appropriate water management practices
33 area
34 basin
35 changes
36 concentration
37 continuous lowering
38 data
39 demand
40 dense forest
41 environment
42 excessive use
43 expense
44 fertilizer
45 field
46 fill region
47 fluoride concentration
48 forest
49 grazing lands
50 groundwater
51 groundwater quality
52 groundwater resources
53 high concentrations
54 hydrochemical data
55 impact
56 impact of environment
57 increase
58 infiltration
59 ions
60 land
61 landcover change
62 less groundwater
63 levels
64 location
65 lowering
66 management practices
67 maps
68 nitrate
69 nitrate concentrations
70 open forest
71 overexploitation
72 overexploitation of groundwater
73 patterns
74 permeable surface
75 practice
76 present study
77 quality
78 rain amount
79 rainfall
80 recharge
81 region
82 resources
83 results
84 seepage
85 settlement
86 static water level
87 study
88 successive years
89 surface
90 trends
91 use
92 use of fertilizers
93 wastewater
94 water
95 water level
96 water management practices
97 western Himalaya
98 years
99 years 1999
100 schema:name Impact of environment and LULC changes on groundwater resources in the Soan Basin, western Himalaya
101 schema:pagination 612
102 schema:productId N03200f4782b24e479d5945dd43be2a78
103 N7eda0c8be1bf4714ac4190c0436b27fa
104 N8b94f4e3165e4ea6bbaa6e7953d345a1
105 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1149764891
106 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-022-10243-0
107 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-09-02T16:07
108 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
109 schema:sdPublisher N29a290fdc7a74d75993a4f07fc0103b4
110 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-022-10243-0
111 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
112 sgo:sdDataset articles
113 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
114 N03200f4782b24e479d5945dd43be2a78 schema:name dimensions_id
115 schema:value pub.1149764891
116 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
117 N27a05cbba965423a8f10d06074f8a2b3 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
118 schema:name Fertilizers
119 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
120 N29a290fdc7a74d75993a4f07fc0103b4 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
121 rdf:type schema:Organization
122 N684732f941c74707a23ce60899fe914b schema:issueNumber 9
123 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
124 N767d67db2e754abc90a3768800d23b52 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
125 schema:name Groundwater
126 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
127 N7afa191e655445d5916e56ab98e29a89 rdf:first sg:person.012762257276.72
128 rdf:rest N7fea6c561f9f4ae0a225fe5231c15926
129 N7eda0c8be1bf4714ac4190c0436b27fa schema:name doi
130 schema:value 10.1007/s10661-022-10243-0
131 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
132 N7fea6c561f9f4ae0a225fe5231c15926 rdf:first sg:person.07635452653.15
133 rdf:rest N84260167c54d40d1b2d338fa92f85e13
134 N84260167c54d40d1b2d338fa92f85e13 rdf:first sg:person.016450441317.49
135 rdf:rest N88a9f838ba5a44ffbd9997d02911650e
136 N860cf6554d8f4fbe997e53d4b7ee45d4 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
137 schema:name Forests
138 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
139 N88a9f838ba5a44ffbd9997d02911650e rdf:first sg:person.01257020130.46
140 rdf:rest rdf:nil
141 N8b94f4e3165e4ea6bbaa6e7953d345a1 schema:name pubmed_id
142 schema:value 35881258
143 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
144 N96c16d2ff0124daab1f7d358f823006d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
145 schema:name Water
146 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
147 N9be2be2a49b1410d83b11621271e6011 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
148 schema:name Environmental Monitoring
149 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
150 Na21338a0bdc34aea9847d560906c3997 schema:volumeNumber 194
151 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
152 Na59b48bccaa74871b9f3da593eb360ce schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
153 schema:name Water Pollutants, Chemical
154 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
155 Nca12fd89dc044f69be0ec6370981e4a1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
156 schema:name Nitrates
157 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
158 anzsrc-for:04 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
159 schema:name Earth Sciences
160 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
161 anzsrc-for:0406 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
162 schema:name Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience
163 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
164 sg:journal.1095684 schema:issn 0167-6369
165 1573-2959
166 schema:name Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
167 schema:publisher Springer Nature
168 rdf:type schema:Periodical
169 sg:person.01257020130.46 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.469887.c
170 schema:familyName Dutt
171 schema:givenName Som
172 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01257020130.46
173 rdf:type schema:Person
174 sg:person.012762257276.72 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.470038.8
175 schema:familyName Thakur
176 schema:givenName Divya
177 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012762257276.72
178 rdf:type schema:Person
179 sg:person.016450441317.49 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412161.1
180 schema:familyName Nainwal
181 schema:givenName H. C.
182 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016450441317.49
183 rdf:type schema:Person
184 sg:person.07635452653.15 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.470038.8
185 schema:familyName Bartarya
186 schema:givenName S. K.
187 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07635452653.15
188 rdf:type schema:Person
189 sg:pub.10.1007/s00254-004-1164-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025503564
190 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-004-1164-3
191 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
192 sg:pub.10.1007/s002670010122 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002489344
193 https://doi.org/10.1007/s002670010122
194 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
195 sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-005-0434-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051475059
196 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-005-0434-9
197 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
198 sg:pub.10.1007/s12665-018-7552-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103971204
199 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-018-7552-x
200 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
201 sg:pub.10.1007/s12665-018-7891-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107664559
202 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-018-7891-7
203 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
204 grid-institutes:grid.412161.1 schema:alternateName Department of Geology, HNB Garhwal University, Chauras Campus, 249161, Srinagar-Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India
205 schema:name Department of Geology, HNB Garhwal University, Chauras Campus, 249161, Srinagar-Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India
206 rdf:type schema:Organization
207 grid-institutes:grid.469887.c schema:alternateName Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research (AcSIR), 201002, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
208 schema:name Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research (AcSIR), 201002, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
209 Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, 33 General Mahadeo Singh Road, 248001, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
210 rdf:type schema:Organization
211 grid-institutes:grid.470038.8 schema:alternateName Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, 33 General Mahadeo Singh Road, 248001, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
212 schema:name National Institute of Hydrology, 247667, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India
213 Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, 33 General Mahadeo Singh Road, 248001, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
214 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...