Determination and detoxification of aflatoxin and ochratoxin in maize from different regions of Pakistan View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2022-07-27

AUTHORS

Syed Wajih ul Hassan Shah Gillani, Yumna Sadef, Muhammad Imran, Hafiz Muhammad Fahad Raza, Aamir Ghani, Sumera Anwar, Muhammad Yasin Ashraf, Shabbir Hussain

ABSTRACT

The contamination of food commodities with mycotoxins could be a serious health threat to humans and animals. Therefore, identification, quantification and reduction of mycotoxins in food commodities, particularly of aflatoxins (AFs) and ochratoxin A (OTA) in grain foods, is essentially required to guarantee safe food. This study determined the levels of AFs and OTA in 135 maize grains samples belonging to eight salient maize varieties cultivated in Pakistan, and evaluated the usefulness of radiations and adsorbents to reduce their levels. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-based method was validated for the determination of AFs and OTA in maize grains. The results showed that 69 and 61% samples were positive for AFs and OTA, respectively and 54 and 22% of the respective samples had AFs and OTA above the permissible limits set by Pakistan Standards and Quality Control Authority. The concentration of AFs, AFB1and OTA in grains ranged from 14.5 to 92.4, 1.02 to 2.46 and 1.41 to 53.9 μg kg−1, respectively. Among the varieties, Pearl had the highest level of total AFs and OTA, whereas YH-5427 had the highest AFB1 level. The lowest concentration of AFs and OTA was found in Malaka and 30Y87, respectively. The use of 15 kGy gamma irradiation for 24 h, sunlight-drying for 20 h and UV irradiation for 12 h almost completely degraded the mycotoxins. The microwave heating for 120 s resulted in 9–33% degradation of mycotoxins. Moreover, the treatment of grains’ extract with activated charcoal (5% w/w) removed > 96% of total AFs and AFB1, and up to 43% of OTA. The use of bentonite at the same rate removed OTA, total AFs and AFB1 by 93, 73 and 92%, respectively. Thus, it is concluded that contamination of maize grains with mycotoxins was fairly high in the collected maize grain samples in Pakistan, and treatment with radiations and adsorbents can effectively reduce mycotoxins contamination level in maize grains. More... »

PAGES

613

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10661-022-10197-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-022-10197-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1149788393

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35882690


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