Monitoring and assessment of soil erosion at micro-scale and macro-scale in forests affected by fire damage in northern Iran View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-12

AUTHORS

Ali Akbarzadeh, Shoja Ghorbani-Dashtaki, Mehdi Naderi-Khorasgani, Ruth Kerry, Ruhollah Taghizadeh-Mehrjardi

ABSTRACT

Understanding the occurrence of erosion processes at large scales is very difficult without studying them at small scales. In this study, soil erosion parameters were investigated at micro-scale and macro-scale in forests in northern Iran. Surface erosion and some vegetation attributes were measured at the watershed scale in 30 parcels of land which were separated into 15 fire-affected (burned) forests and 15 original (unburned) forests adjacent to the burned sites. The soil erodibility factor and splash erosion were also determined at the micro-plot scale within each burned and unburned site. Furthermore, soil sampling and infiltration studies were carried out at 80 other sites, as well as the 30 burned and unburned sites, (a total of 110 points) to create a map of the soil erodibility factor at the regional scale. Maps of topography, rainfall, and cover-management were also determined for the study area. The maps of erosion risk and erosion risk potential were finally prepared for the study area using the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) procedure. Results indicated that destruction of the protective cover of forested areas by fire had significant effects on splash erosion and the soil erodibility factor at the micro-plot scale and also on surface erosion, erosion risk, and erosion risk potential at the watershed scale. Moreover, the results showed that correlation coefficients between different variables at the micro-plot and watershed scales were positive and significant. Finally, assessment and monitoring of the erosion maps at the regional scale showed that the central and western parts of the study area were more susceptible to erosion compared with the western regions due to more intense crop-management, greater soil erodibility, and more rainfall. The relationships between erosion parameters and the most important vegetation attributes were also used to provide models with equations that were specific to the study region. The results of this paper can be useful for better understanding erosion processes at the micro-scale and macro-scale in any region having similar vegetation attributes to the forests of northern Iran. More... »

PAGES

699

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10661-016-5712-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-016-5712-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049314604

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27900655


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