Groundwater quality and hydrochemical properties of Al-Ula Region, Saudi Arabia View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2015-03

AUTHORS

Naji Toumi, Belal H. M. Hussein, Sarra Rafrafi, Neama El kassas

ABSTRACT

Groundwater quality monitoring is one of the most important aspects in groundwater studies in arid environments particularly in developing countries, like Saudi Arabia, due to the fast population growth and the expansion of irrigated agriculture and industrial uses. Groundwater samples have been collected from eight locations in Al-Ula in Saudi Arabia during June 2012 and January 2013 in order to investigate the hydrochemical characteristics and the groundwater quality and to understand the sources of dissolved ions. Physicochemical parameters of groundwater such as electrical conductivity, pH, total dissolved solid, and major cations and anions were determined. Chloride was found to be the dominant anion followed by HCO(-) 3 and SO4 (2-). Groundwater of the study area is characterized by the dominance of alkaline earths (Ca(2+) + Mg(2+)) over alkali metals (Na(+) + K(+)). The analytical results show that the groundwater is generally moderately hard and slightly alkaline in nature. The binary relationships of the major ions reveal that water quality of the Al-Ula region is mainly controlled by rock weathering, evaporation, and ion exchange reactions. Piper diagram was constructed to identify hydrochemical facies, and it was found that majority of the samples belong to Ca-Cl and mixed Ca-Mg-Cl facies. Chemical indices like chloro-alkali indices, sodium adsorption ratio, percentage of sodium, residual sodium carbonate, and permeability index were calculated. Also, the results show that the chemical composition of groundwater sources of Al-Ula is strongly influenced by lithology of country rocks rather than anthropogenic activities. More... »

PAGES

84

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10661-014-4241-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-014-4241-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007436086

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25655124


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0406", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/04", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Earth Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Agricultural Irrigation", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Carbonates", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Electric Conductivity", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Environmental Monitoring", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Groundwater", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Industry", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Saudi Arabia", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Water Pollutants, Chemical", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Water Quality", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Monastir", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411838.7", 
          "name": [
            "Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Arts Al Ula, Taibah University, Al Madinah Al Munawarh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia", 
            "ISBM, Monastir University, Monastir, Tunisia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Toumi", 
        "givenName": "Naji", 
        "id": "sg:person.01310745050.68", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01310745050.68"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Taibah University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412892.4", 
          "name": [
            "Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt", 
            "Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science and Arts Al Ula, Taibah University, Al Madinah Al Munawarh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hussein", 
        "givenName": "Belal H. M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01143741425.39", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01143741425.39"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Taibah University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412892.4", 
          "name": [
            "Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Arts Al Ula, Taibah University, Al Madinah Al Munawarh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rafrafi", 
        "givenName": "Sarra", 
        "id": "sg:person.013202221635.72", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013202221635.72"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Ain Shams University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7269.a", 
          "name": [
            "Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Arts Al Ula, Taibah University, Al Madinah Al Munawarh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia", 
            "The Research and Training Center on Vectors of Diseases, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "El kassas", 
        "givenName": "Neama", 
        "id": "sg:person.011564553067.78", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011564553067.78"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-007-9955-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000771057", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-007-9955-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0043-1354(99)00168-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004132629"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-1694(02)00293-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004158788"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-1694(02)00293-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004158788"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-001-0166-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004888579", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-001-0166-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-011-2333-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005197369", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-2333-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-011-2333-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005197369", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-2333-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12403-014-0112-z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006125483", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12403-014-0112-z"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00254-008-1245-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007359381", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-008-1245-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gexplo.2010.10.012", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007710452"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12665-013-2392-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007714844", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-013-2392-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-014-3728-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008233982", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-014-3728-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10498-006-9006-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008790110", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10498-006-9006-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10498-006-9006-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008790110", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10498-006-9006-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-9268(80)90051-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010671206"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-9268(80)90051-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010671206"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12517-012-0649-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010684233", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-012-0649-8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1010796410829", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011677232", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1010796410829"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(93)90180-e", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012350539"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(93)90180-e", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012350539"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0883-2927(87)90042-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013509006"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0883-2927(87)90042-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013509006"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12517-009-0076-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013672865", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-009-0076-7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsames.2008.11.004", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014829998"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12517-012-0574-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016029555", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-012-0574-x"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/02626669609491539", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016497620"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/tr025i006p00914", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017941044"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-195002000-00004", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018573307"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-195002000-00004", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018573307"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-1694(01)00481-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021641920"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s002540050110", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023230343", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s002540050110"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(92)90115-c", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024094874"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(92)90115-c", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024094874"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(92)90193-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025047441"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(92)90193-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025047441"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s100400000120", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026559853", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s100400000120"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-008-0633-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027051335", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-008-0633-7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(90)90221-i", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027341412"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(90)90221-i", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027341412"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00254-004-1200-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028279781", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-004-1200-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00254-004-1200-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028279781", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-004-1200-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00254-006-0546-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029377483", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-006-0546-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00254-006-0546-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029377483", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-006-0546-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-007-0220-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031364736", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-007-0220-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-007-0220-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031364736", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-007-0220-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/wr017i003p00602", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031672792"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1144/gsl.qjeg.1992.025.01.05", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035650305"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-012-3032-z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038004514", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-012-3032-z"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00254-004-1205-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041026224", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-004-1205-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00254-004-1205-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041026224", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-004-1205-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1201/9780203030882", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045514972"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-7722(01)00118-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049865412"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4314/ajcem.v10i2.7513", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050118246"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4314/ajcem.v10i2.7513", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050118246"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/624619", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058820401"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.12816/0010674", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064685885"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4197/ear.3-1.23", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072350429"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4197/ear.5-1.5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072350465"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.30955/gnj.000947", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1109375238"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.30955/gnj.000947", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1109375238"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2015-03", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2015-03-01", 
    "description": "Groundwater quality monitoring is one of the most important aspects in groundwater studies in arid environments particularly in developing countries, like Saudi Arabia, due to the fast population growth and the expansion of irrigated agriculture and industrial uses. Groundwater samples have been collected from eight locations in Al-Ula in Saudi Arabia during June 2012 and January 2013 in order to investigate the hydrochemical characteristics and the groundwater quality and to understand the sources of dissolved ions. Physicochemical parameters of groundwater such as electrical conductivity, pH, total dissolved solid, and major cations and anions were determined. Chloride was found to be the dominant anion followed by HCO(-) 3 and SO4 (2-). Groundwater of the study area is characterized by the dominance of alkaline earths (Ca(2+) + Mg(2+)) over alkali metals (Na(+) + K(+)). The analytical results show that the groundwater is generally moderately hard and slightly alkaline in nature. The binary relationships of the major ions reveal that water quality of the Al-Ula region is mainly controlled by rock weathering, evaporation, and ion exchange reactions. Piper diagram was constructed to identify hydrochemical facies, and it was found that majority of the samples belong to Ca-Cl and mixed Ca-Mg-Cl facies. Chemical indices like chloro-alkali indices, sodium adsorption ratio, percentage of sodium, residual sodium carbonate, and permeability index were calculated. Also, the results show that the chemical composition of groundwater sources of Al-Ula is strongly influenced by lithology of country rocks rather than anthropogenic activities. ", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-014-4241-4", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1095684", 
        "issn": [
          "0167-6369", 
          "1573-2959"
        ], 
        "name": "Environmental Monitoring and Assessment", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "3", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "187"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Groundwater quality and hydrochemical properties of Al-Ula Region, Saudi Arabia", 
    "pagination": "84", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "236b753340d46a41d9888ec5ec1ea63aeaa9767db4500ec897cf00d8d0ee73a5"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "25655124"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "8508350"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s10661-014-4241-4"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1007436086"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-014-4241-4", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007436086"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T13:29", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8659_00000581.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs10661-014-4241-4"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10661-014-4241-4'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10661-014-4241-4'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10661-014-4241-4'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10661-014-4241-4'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

288 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      82 URIs      30 LITERALS      18 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-014-4241-4 schema:about N129df53796814457913918ba2e7f453d
2 N4455fd4dfd8649c6a4208947c264b245
3 N4883fb28bdb949c4b5e4c4a8287aa99a
4 N508dfe6289ad42208bcb2af28513beff
5 N6e47d5e6c38e4f4d985e513fd7ef25c7
6 N83c4d3aac10b40f481f9eb6c2c467059
7 N890203e90ea44dee81f06e236f3bc4ac
8 Ncf2c329942b84bec860baa117f16d677
9 Nfdea9483a9e94cbc9a1ce8362e8d875e
10 anzsrc-for:04
11 anzsrc-for:0406
12 schema:author N7e9797b807234e478bfa7cfd304d6b35
13 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00254-004-1200-3
14 sg:pub.10.1007/s00254-004-1205-y
15 sg:pub.10.1007/s00254-006-0546-0
16 sg:pub.10.1007/s00254-008-1245-9
17 sg:pub.10.1007/s002540050110
18 sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-001-0166-4
19 sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-007-0220-y
20 sg:pub.10.1007/s100400000120
21 sg:pub.10.1007/s10498-006-9006-4
22 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-007-9955-0
23 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-008-0633-7
24 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-011-2333-y
25 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-012-3032-z
26 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-014-3728-3
27 sg:pub.10.1007/s12403-014-0112-z
28 sg:pub.10.1007/s12517-009-0076-7
29 sg:pub.10.1007/s12517-012-0574-x
30 sg:pub.10.1007/s12517-012-0649-8
31 sg:pub.10.1007/s12665-013-2392-1
32 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1010796410829
33 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(90)90221-i
34 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(92)90115-c
35 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(92)90193-y
36 https://doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(93)90180-e
37 https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-9268(80)90051-0
38 https://doi.org/10.1016/0883-2927(87)90042-4
39 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gexplo.2010.10.012
40 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsames.2008.11.004
41 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-1694(01)00481-4
42 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-1694(02)00293-7
43 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0043-1354(99)00168-2
44 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-7722(01)00118-8
45 https://doi.org/10.1029/tr025i006p00914
46 https://doi.org/10.1029/wr017i003p00602
47 https://doi.org/10.1080/02626669609491539
48 https://doi.org/10.1086/624619
49 https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-195002000-00004
50 https://doi.org/10.1144/gsl.qjeg.1992.025.01.05
51 https://doi.org/10.1201/9780203030882
52 https://doi.org/10.12816/0010674
53 https://doi.org/10.30955/gnj.000947
54 https://doi.org/10.4197/ear.3-1.23
55 https://doi.org/10.4197/ear.5-1.5
56 https://doi.org/10.4314/ajcem.v10i2.7513
57 schema:datePublished 2015-03
58 schema:datePublishedReg 2015-03-01
59 schema:description Groundwater quality monitoring is one of the most important aspects in groundwater studies in arid environments particularly in developing countries, like Saudi Arabia, due to the fast population growth and the expansion of irrigated agriculture and industrial uses. Groundwater samples have been collected from eight locations in Al-Ula in Saudi Arabia during June 2012 and January 2013 in order to investigate the hydrochemical characteristics and the groundwater quality and to understand the sources of dissolved ions. Physicochemical parameters of groundwater such as electrical conductivity, pH, total dissolved solid, and major cations and anions were determined. Chloride was found to be the dominant anion followed by HCO(-) 3 and SO4 (2-). Groundwater of the study area is characterized by the dominance of alkaline earths (Ca(2+) + Mg(2+)) over alkali metals (Na(+) + K(+)). The analytical results show that the groundwater is generally moderately hard and slightly alkaline in nature. The binary relationships of the major ions reveal that water quality of the Al-Ula region is mainly controlled by rock weathering, evaporation, and ion exchange reactions. Piper diagram was constructed to identify hydrochemical facies, and it was found that majority of the samples belong to Ca-Cl and mixed Ca-Mg-Cl facies. Chemical indices like chloro-alkali indices, sodium adsorption ratio, percentage of sodium, residual sodium carbonate, and permeability index were calculated. Also, the results show that the chemical composition of groundwater sources of Al-Ula is strongly influenced by lithology of country rocks rather than anthropogenic activities.
60 schema:genre research_article
61 schema:inLanguage en
62 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
63 schema:isPartOf N8b73cebc9c744a6594ecdc5c24014869
64 Nebe48999402e4188824ecab7285f1eae
65 sg:journal.1095684
66 schema:name Groundwater quality and hydrochemical properties of Al-Ula Region, Saudi Arabia
67 schema:pagination 84
68 schema:productId N2947f74518844148b0e63d2bdb4b31ff
69 N51618f48c48b4645be05b402955eb590
70 Nbd098fe51061404ab42eaf155f3f5120
71 Nee0aa56be4144c56a4db60a1a06c724d
72 Nef4c8216e3ba4e6b99603773fe0c8fa9
73 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007436086
74 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-014-4241-4
75 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T13:29
76 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
77 schema:sdPublisher N35adee401b5c47a8af0a721900a0df23
78 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs10661-014-4241-4
79 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
80 sgo:sdDataset articles
81 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
82 N129df53796814457913918ba2e7f453d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
83 schema:name Carbonates
84 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
85 N2947f74518844148b0e63d2bdb4b31ff schema:name nlm_unique_id
86 schema:value 8508350
87 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
88 N35adee401b5c47a8af0a721900a0df23 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
89 rdf:type schema:Organization
90 N38b8c6ea034e4fbfaccf1dd657618970 rdf:first sg:person.013202221635.72
91 rdf:rest N736150bdc4b44da1acd7927301dc0757
92 N4455fd4dfd8649c6a4208947c264b245 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
93 schema:name Agricultural Irrigation
94 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
95 N4883fb28bdb949c4b5e4c4a8287aa99a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
96 schema:name Environmental Monitoring
97 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
98 N508dfe6289ad42208bcb2af28513beff schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
99 schema:name Electric Conductivity
100 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
101 N51618f48c48b4645be05b402955eb590 schema:name dimensions_id
102 schema:value pub.1007436086
103 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
104 N5887d8d7b32a4289a4f60da07efa562d rdf:first sg:person.01143741425.39
105 rdf:rest N38b8c6ea034e4fbfaccf1dd657618970
106 N6e47d5e6c38e4f4d985e513fd7ef25c7 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
107 schema:name Groundwater
108 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
109 N736150bdc4b44da1acd7927301dc0757 rdf:first sg:person.011564553067.78
110 rdf:rest rdf:nil
111 N7e9797b807234e478bfa7cfd304d6b35 rdf:first sg:person.01310745050.68
112 rdf:rest N5887d8d7b32a4289a4f60da07efa562d
113 N83c4d3aac10b40f481f9eb6c2c467059 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
114 schema:name Water Pollutants, Chemical
115 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
116 N890203e90ea44dee81f06e236f3bc4ac schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
117 schema:name Water Quality
118 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
119 N8b73cebc9c744a6594ecdc5c24014869 schema:issueNumber 3
120 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
121 Nbd098fe51061404ab42eaf155f3f5120 schema:name readcube_id
122 schema:value 236b753340d46a41d9888ec5ec1ea63aeaa9767db4500ec897cf00d8d0ee73a5
123 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
124 Ncf2c329942b84bec860baa117f16d677 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
125 schema:name Industry
126 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
127 Nebe48999402e4188824ecab7285f1eae schema:volumeNumber 187
128 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
129 Nee0aa56be4144c56a4db60a1a06c724d schema:name doi
130 schema:value 10.1007/s10661-014-4241-4
131 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
132 Nef4c8216e3ba4e6b99603773fe0c8fa9 schema:name pubmed_id
133 schema:value 25655124
134 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
135 Nfdea9483a9e94cbc9a1ce8362e8d875e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
136 schema:name Saudi Arabia
137 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
138 anzsrc-for:04 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
139 schema:name Earth Sciences
140 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
141 anzsrc-for:0406 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
142 schema:name Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience
143 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
144 sg:journal.1095684 schema:issn 0167-6369
145 1573-2959
146 schema:name Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
147 rdf:type schema:Periodical
148 sg:person.01143741425.39 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412892.4
149 schema:familyName Hussein
150 schema:givenName Belal H. M.
151 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01143741425.39
152 rdf:type schema:Person
153 sg:person.011564553067.78 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7269.a
154 schema:familyName El kassas
155 schema:givenName Neama
156 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011564553067.78
157 rdf:type schema:Person
158 sg:person.01310745050.68 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411838.7
159 schema:familyName Toumi
160 schema:givenName Naji
161 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01310745050.68
162 rdf:type schema:Person
163 sg:person.013202221635.72 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412892.4
164 schema:familyName Rafrafi
165 schema:givenName Sarra
166 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013202221635.72
167 rdf:type schema:Person
168 sg:pub.10.1007/s00254-004-1200-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028279781
169 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-004-1200-3
170 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
171 sg:pub.10.1007/s00254-004-1205-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041026224
172 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-004-1205-y
173 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
174 sg:pub.10.1007/s00254-006-0546-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029377483
175 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-006-0546-0
176 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
177 sg:pub.10.1007/s00254-008-1245-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007359381
178 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-008-1245-9
179 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
180 sg:pub.10.1007/s002540050110 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023230343
181 https://doi.org/10.1007/s002540050110
182 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
183 sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-001-0166-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004888579
184 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-001-0166-4
185 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
186 sg:pub.10.1007/s10040-007-0220-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031364736
187 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-007-0220-y
188 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
189 sg:pub.10.1007/s100400000120 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026559853
190 https://doi.org/10.1007/s100400000120
191 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
192 sg:pub.10.1007/s10498-006-9006-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008790110
193 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10498-006-9006-4
194 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
195 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-007-9955-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000771057
196 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-007-9955-0
197 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
198 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-008-0633-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027051335
199 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-008-0633-7
200 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
201 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-011-2333-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005197369
202 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-2333-y
203 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
204 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-012-3032-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038004514
205 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-012-3032-z
206 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
207 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-014-3728-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008233982
208 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-014-3728-3
209 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
210 sg:pub.10.1007/s12403-014-0112-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006125483
211 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12403-014-0112-z
212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
213 sg:pub.10.1007/s12517-009-0076-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013672865
214 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-009-0076-7
215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
216 sg:pub.10.1007/s12517-012-0574-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016029555
217 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-012-0574-x
218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
219 sg:pub.10.1007/s12517-012-0649-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010684233
220 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-012-0649-8
221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
222 sg:pub.10.1007/s12665-013-2392-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007714844
223 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-013-2392-1
224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
225 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1010796410829 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011677232
226 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1010796410829
227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
228 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(90)90221-i schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027341412
229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
230 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(92)90115-c schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024094874
231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
232 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(92)90193-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025047441
233 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
234 https://doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(93)90180-e schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012350539
235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
236 https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-9268(80)90051-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010671206
237 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
238 https://doi.org/10.1016/0883-2927(87)90042-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013509006
239 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
240 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gexplo.2010.10.012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007710452
241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
242 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsames.2008.11.004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014829998
243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
244 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-1694(01)00481-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021641920
245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
246 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-1694(02)00293-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004158788
247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
248 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0043-1354(99)00168-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004132629
249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
250 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-7722(01)00118-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049865412
251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
252 https://doi.org/10.1029/tr025i006p00914 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017941044
253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
254 https://doi.org/10.1029/wr017i003p00602 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031672792
255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
256 https://doi.org/10.1080/02626669609491539 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016497620
257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
258 https://doi.org/10.1086/624619 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058820401
259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
260 https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-195002000-00004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018573307
261 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
262 https://doi.org/10.1144/gsl.qjeg.1992.025.01.05 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035650305
263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
264 https://doi.org/10.1201/9780203030882 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045514972
265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
266 https://doi.org/10.12816/0010674 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064685885
267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
268 https://doi.org/10.30955/gnj.000947 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1109375238
269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
270 https://doi.org/10.4197/ear.3-1.23 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072350429
271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
272 https://doi.org/10.4197/ear.5-1.5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072350465
273 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
274 https://doi.org/10.4314/ajcem.v10i2.7513 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050118246
275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
276 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411838.7 schema:alternateName University of Monastir
277 schema:name Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Arts Al Ula, Taibah University, Al Madinah Al Munawarh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
278 ISBM, Monastir University, Monastir, Tunisia
279 rdf:type schema:Organization
280 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412892.4 schema:alternateName Taibah University
281 schema:name Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Arts Al Ula, Taibah University, Al Madinah Al Munawarh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
282 Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science and Arts Al Ula, Taibah University, Al Madinah Al Munawarh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
283 Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
284 rdf:type schema:Organization
285 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7269.a schema:alternateName Ain Shams University
286 schema:name Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Arts Al Ula, Taibah University, Al Madinah Al Munawarh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
287 The Research and Training Center on Vectors of Diseases, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
288 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...