Assessment of heavy metal toxicants in the roadside soil along the N-5, National Highway, Pakistan View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2011-11

AUTHORS

M. Nasiruddin Khan, Agha Arslan Wasim, Anila Sarwar, M. Faisal Rasheed

ABSTRACT

The assessment of the toxicants in roadside soil on regular basis has become extremely essential with the increase in awareness for the metal toxicity in the environment. The present study investigates the presence of toxic metals along National Highway (N-5), Pakistan. Averages of about 1.3 million per month of automobile vehicles ply on this route. Lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), and iron (Fe) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway. Strong Pearson correlations (α = 0.05) were found between Pb and Zn (r(2) = 0.887), Fe and Mn (r(2) = 0.880), Hg and Cd (0.864), Cu and Zn (0.838), and Cu and Pb (0.814). The correlation between the elemental compositions of the main automobile components revealed vehicular traffic as the main non-point source of roadside soil pollution. Extremely high level of mercury, 144.05 mg kg(-1), was found at S5. It was revealed that the unregulated incineration and dumping sites of hazardous waste material along N-5 were also responsible for these contaminations. Multivariate analysis on the obtained data also disclosed the same interpretation. Cluster analysis of the data grouped Pb, Zn, and Cu at 85.23% similarity, whereas, Cd, Hg, and Ni were grouped at 78.75% similarity basis. The findings need swift action against the root cause of soil pollution. More... »

PAGES

587-595

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10661-011-1899-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-1899-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032666806

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21336485


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0503", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Soil Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/05", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Environmental Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Automobiles", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Cluster Analysis", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Environmental Monitoring", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Environmental Pollution", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Metals, Heavy", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Pakistan", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Soil Pollutants", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Vehicle Emissions", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Karachi", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266518.e", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Chemistry, University of Karachi, 75270, Karachi, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Khan", 
        "givenName": "M. Nasiruddin", 
        "id": "sg:person.01161644750.83", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01161644750.83"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Federal Urdu University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.440529.e", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Chemistry, Federal Urdu University of Art, Science and Technology, 75300, Karachi, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wasim", 
        "givenName": "Agha Arslan", 
        "id": "sg:person.0625622444.30", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0625622444.30"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Pakistan Council of Scientific & Industrial Research", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.420148.b", 
          "name": [
            "Fuel Research Centre, Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, 75280, Karachi, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sarwar", 
        "givenName": "Anila", 
        "id": "sg:person.013746775171.54", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013746775171.54"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Karachi", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266518.e", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Chemistry, University of Karachi, 75270, Karachi, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rasheed", 
        "givenName": "M. Faisal", 
        "id": "sg:person.01136757131.59", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01136757131.59"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.10.112", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000843621"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2343/geochemj.38.473", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005690152"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12665-009-0061-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006117986", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-009-0061-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12665-009-0061-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006117986", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-009-0061-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-007-9695-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006467151", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-007-9695-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-006-7706-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008591562", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-006-7706-2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/09593332208618280", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010980653"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.01.003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012659705"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0048-9697(97)00243-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014019507"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0160-4120(03)00075-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018165842"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0160-4120(03)00075-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018165842"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/10473289.2004.10470912", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018265996"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10967-010-0623-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020622218", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10967-010-0623-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10967-010-0623-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020622218", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10967-010-0623-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.05.060", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026933877"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(96)05129-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027011744"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2004.09.003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028207790"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0160-4120(96)00080-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028269828"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.03.020", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028443598"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2004.10.005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028775385"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1026149914428", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031094053", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1026149914428"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0039-9140(98)00096-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031748182"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0048-9697(00)00775-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032023833"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01770021", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036181459", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01770021"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01770021", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036181459", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01770021"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0168-9002(98)01004-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038664601"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00244-003-3045-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039237712", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-003-3045-2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0269-7491(01)00094-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039938491"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2006.04.064", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042392218"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2005.02.026", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045728885"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2007.10.038", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046099715"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-009-1078-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046102146", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-009-1078-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-009-1078-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046102146", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-009-1078-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0003-2670(02)00307-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048396897"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/1-4020-4504-2_13", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048709252", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-4504-2_13"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0048-9697(97)84048-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049706153"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1014296713553", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050600130", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1014296713553"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.11.006", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052219610"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1081/ese-100103759", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058430400"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2011-11", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2011-11-01", 
    "description": "The assessment of the toxicants in roadside soil on regular basis has become extremely essential with the increase in awareness for the metal toxicity in the environment. The present study investigates the presence of toxic metals along National Highway (N-5), Pakistan. Averages of about 1.3 million per month of automobile vehicles ply on this route. Lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), and iron (Fe) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway. Strong Pearson correlations (\u03b1 = 0.05) were found between Pb and Zn (r(2)\u2009= 0.887), Fe and Mn (r(2)\u2009= 0.880), Hg and Cd (0.864), Cu and Zn (0.838), and Cu and Pb (0.814). The correlation between the elemental compositions of the main automobile components revealed vehicular traffic as the main non-point source of roadside soil pollution. Extremely high level of mercury, 144.05 mg kg(-1), was found at S5. It was revealed that the unregulated incineration and dumping sites of hazardous waste material along N-5 were also responsible for these contaminations. Multivariate analysis on the obtained data also disclosed the same interpretation. Cluster analysis of the data grouped Pb, Zn, and Cu at 85.23% similarity, whereas, Cd, Hg, and Ni were grouped at 78.75% similarity basis. The findings need swift action against the root cause of soil pollution.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-011-1899-8", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1095684", 
        "issn": [
          "0167-6369", 
          "1573-2959"
        ], 
        "name": "Environmental Monitoring and Assessment", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1-4", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "182"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Assessment of heavy metal toxicants in the roadside soil along the N-5, National Highway, Pakistan", 
    "pagination": "587-595", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "9b9f07589e923cb921fbe5f905f24d09439cb7f4b78b3ec409996d108a46fa6e"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "21336485"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "8508350"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s10661-011-1899-8"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1032666806"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-1899-8", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032666806"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T19:57", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8681_00000513.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs10661-011-1899-8"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10661-011-1899-8'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10661-011-1899-8'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10661-011-1899-8'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10661-011-1899-8'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

240 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      71 URIs      29 LITERALS      17 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-011-1899-8 schema:about N0cc420c6c48c4e68ac458206b81dd208
2 N34f7dc705fd44f168df98b57eb56ce3b
3 N3e5948354bbd4b37bcb24f2daf184f05
4 N4789f9d5f3764538b59c27e8b6ead53f
5 N7018129f1c15488ab246547560d3f12d
6 N8008e7f759b242e3985cf4aa81b1e586
7 N942c7a99b6de4cbeb5fdae0f5343eec4
8 Nfab7c80d91294a6aa614b0caa5d14cb6
9 anzsrc-for:05
10 anzsrc-for:0503
11 schema:author N79ce367564fe48c1adddc9716377d54a
12 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/1-4020-4504-2_13
13 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01770021
14 sg:pub.10.1007/s00244-003-3045-2
15 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-006-7706-2
16 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-007-9695-1
17 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-009-1078-3
18 sg:pub.10.1007/s10967-010-0623-4
19 sg:pub.10.1007/s12665-009-0061-1
20 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1014296713553
21 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1026149914428
22 https://doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(96)05129-7
23 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2006.04.064
24 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.11.006
25 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.01.003
26 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2004.10.005
27 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2007.10.038
28 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.10.112
29 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.05.060
30 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2005.02.026
31 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.03.020
32 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2004.09.003
33 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0003-2670(02)00307-0
34 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0039-9140(98)00096-4
35 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0048-9697(00)00775-0
36 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0048-9697(97)00243-x
37 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0048-9697(97)84048-x
38 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0160-4120(03)00075-8
39 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0160-4120(96)00080-3
40 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0168-9002(98)01004-3
41 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0269-7491(01)00094-x
42 https://doi.org/10.1080/09593332208618280
43 https://doi.org/10.1080/10473289.2004.10470912
44 https://doi.org/10.1081/ese-100103759
45 https://doi.org/10.2343/geochemj.38.473
46 schema:datePublished 2011-11
47 schema:datePublishedReg 2011-11-01
48 schema:description The assessment of the toxicants in roadside soil on regular basis has become extremely essential with the increase in awareness for the metal toxicity in the environment. The present study investigates the presence of toxic metals along National Highway (N-5), Pakistan. Averages of about 1.3 million per month of automobile vehicles ply on this route. Lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), and iron (Fe) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway. Strong Pearson correlations (α = 0.05) were found between Pb and Zn (r(2) = 0.887), Fe and Mn (r(2) = 0.880), Hg and Cd (0.864), Cu and Zn (0.838), and Cu and Pb (0.814). The correlation between the elemental compositions of the main automobile components revealed vehicular traffic as the main non-point source of roadside soil pollution. Extremely high level of mercury, 144.05 mg kg(-1), was found at S5. It was revealed that the unregulated incineration and dumping sites of hazardous waste material along N-5 were also responsible for these contaminations. Multivariate analysis on the obtained data also disclosed the same interpretation. Cluster analysis of the data grouped Pb, Zn, and Cu at 85.23% similarity, whereas, Cd, Hg, and Ni were grouped at 78.75% similarity basis. The findings need swift action against the root cause of soil pollution.
49 schema:genre research_article
50 schema:inLanguage en
51 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
52 schema:isPartOf N0e4998eea85949d48ca9e244b6f1b99b
53 Nbf79d20c233045768c0119d100af32d4
54 sg:journal.1095684
55 schema:name Assessment of heavy metal toxicants in the roadside soil along the N-5, National Highway, Pakistan
56 schema:pagination 587-595
57 schema:productId N0f9dd555baf646f4893a7edb010ea1c1
58 Naeba4e846ce24c0eba86a6d568b52b24
59 Nda0e41ee582545399677bb8e92d5e52c
60 Neb3e95353ef84dbab18e912bdb78ac07
61 Nf6c1fafe08964bb0b9ba9d21ff7bdecf
62 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032666806
63 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-1899-8
64 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T19:57
65 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
66 schema:sdPublisher Nad427765bc72432e84dd48003b986096
67 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs10661-011-1899-8
68 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
69 sgo:sdDataset articles
70 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
71 N0cc420c6c48c4e68ac458206b81dd208 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
72 schema:name Cluster Analysis
73 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
74 N0e4998eea85949d48ca9e244b6f1b99b schema:issueNumber 1-4
75 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
76 N0f9dd555baf646f4893a7edb010ea1c1 schema:name doi
77 schema:value 10.1007/s10661-011-1899-8
78 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
79 N0ff9f89b297746b0afde24af40705115 rdf:first sg:person.0625622444.30
80 rdf:rest Nf115b1897af74eb18d62b9669ff883e5
81 N34f7dc705fd44f168df98b57eb56ce3b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
82 schema:name Environmental Monitoring
83 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
84 N3e5948354bbd4b37bcb24f2daf184f05 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
85 schema:name Environmental Pollution
86 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
87 N4789f9d5f3764538b59c27e8b6ead53f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
88 schema:name Metals, Heavy
89 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
90 N7018129f1c15488ab246547560d3f12d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
91 schema:name Automobiles
92 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
93 N79ce367564fe48c1adddc9716377d54a rdf:first sg:person.01161644750.83
94 rdf:rest N0ff9f89b297746b0afde24af40705115
95 N8008e7f759b242e3985cf4aa81b1e586 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
96 schema:name Vehicle Emissions
97 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
98 N942c7a99b6de4cbeb5fdae0f5343eec4 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
99 schema:name Pakistan
100 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
101 N994a4a5c9a124366816a196e292e54ad rdf:first sg:person.01136757131.59
102 rdf:rest rdf:nil
103 Nad427765bc72432e84dd48003b986096 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
104 rdf:type schema:Organization
105 Naeba4e846ce24c0eba86a6d568b52b24 schema:name readcube_id
106 schema:value 9b9f07589e923cb921fbe5f905f24d09439cb7f4b78b3ec409996d108a46fa6e
107 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
108 Nbf79d20c233045768c0119d100af32d4 schema:volumeNumber 182
109 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
110 Nda0e41ee582545399677bb8e92d5e52c schema:name nlm_unique_id
111 schema:value 8508350
112 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
113 Neb3e95353ef84dbab18e912bdb78ac07 schema:name dimensions_id
114 schema:value pub.1032666806
115 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
116 Nf115b1897af74eb18d62b9669ff883e5 rdf:first sg:person.013746775171.54
117 rdf:rest N994a4a5c9a124366816a196e292e54ad
118 Nf6c1fafe08964bb0b9ba9d21ff7bdecf schema:name pubmed_id
119 schema:value 21336485
120 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
121 Nfab7c80d91294a6aa614b0caa5d14cb6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
122 schema:name Soil Pollutants
123 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
124 anzsrc-for:05 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
125 schema:name Environmental Sciences
126 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
127 anzsrc-for:0503 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
128 schema:name Soil Sciences
129 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
130 sg:journal.1095684 schema:issn 0167-6369
131 1573-2959
132 schema:name Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
133 rdf:type schema:Periodical
134 sg:person.01136757131.59 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266518.e
135 schema:familyName Rasheed
136 schema:givenName M. Faisal
137 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01136757131.59
138 rdf:type schema:Person
139 sg:person.01161644750.83 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266518.e
140 schema:familyName Khan
141 schema:givenName M. Nasiruddin
142 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01161644750.83
143 rdf:type schema:Person
144 sg:person.013746775171.54 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.420148.b
145 schema:familyName Sarwar
146 schema:givenName Anila
147 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013746775171.54
148 rdf:type schema:Person
149 sg:person.0625622444.30 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.440529.e
150 schema:familyName Wasim
151 schema:givenName Agha Arslan
152 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0625622444.30
153 rdf:type schema:Person
154 sg:pub.10.1007/1-4020-4504-2_13 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048709252
155 https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-4504-2_13
156 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
157 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01770021 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036181459
158 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01770021
159 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
160 sg:pub.10.1007/s00244-003-3045-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039237712
161 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-003-3045-2
162 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
163 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-006-7706-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008591562
164 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-006-7706-2
165 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
166 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-007-9695-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006467151
167 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-007-9695-1
168 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
169 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-009-1078-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046102146
170 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-009-1078-3
171 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
172 sg:pub.10.1007/s10967-010-0623-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020622218
173 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10967-010-0623-4
174 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
175 sg:pub.10.1007/s12665-009-0061-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006117986
176 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-009-0061-1
177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
178 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1014296713553 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050600130
179 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1014296713553
180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
181 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1026149914428 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031094053
182 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1026149914428
183 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
184 https://doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(96)05129-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027011744
185 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
186 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2006.04.064 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042392218
187 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
188 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.11.006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052219610
189 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
190 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.01.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012659705
191 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
192 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2004.10.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028775385
193 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
194 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2007.10.038 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046099715
195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
196 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.10.112 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000843621
197 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
198 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.05.060 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026933877
199 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
200 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2005.02.026 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045728885
201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
202 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.03.020 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028443598
203 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
204 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2004.09.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028207790
205 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
206 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0003-2670(02)00307-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048396897
207 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
208 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0039-9140(98)00096-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031748182
209 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
210 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0048-9697(00)00775-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032023833
211 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
212 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0048-9697(97)00243-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014019507
213 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
214 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0048-9697(97)84048-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049706153
215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
216 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0160-4120(03)00075-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018165842
217 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
218 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0160-4120(96)00080-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028269828
219 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
220 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0168-9002(98)01004-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038664601
221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
222 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0269-7491(01)00094-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039938491
223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
224 https://doi.org/10.1080/09593332208618280 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010980653
225 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
226 https://doi.org/10.1080/10473289.2004.10470912 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018265996
227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
228 https://doi.org/10.1081/ese-100103759 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058430400
229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
230 https://doi.org/10.2343/geochemj.38.473 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005690152
231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
232 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266518.e schema:alternateName University of Karachi
233 schema:name Department of Chemistry, University of Karachi, 75270, Karachi, Pakistan
234 rdf:type schema:Organization
235 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.420148.b schema:alternateName Pakistan Council of Scientific & Industrial Research
236 schema:name Fuel Research Centre, Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, 75280, Karachi, Pakistan
237 rdf:type schema:Organization
238 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.440529.e schema:alternateName Federal Urdu University
239 schema:name Department of Chemistry, Federal Urdu University of Art, Science and Technology, 75300, Karachi, Pakistan
240 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...