Comparative resistance to foliar fungal pathogens in transgenic carrot plants expressing genes encoding for chitinase, β-1,3-glucanase and peroxidise View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2008-09-13

AUTHORS

Owen Wally, Jayaraman Jayaraj, Zamir Punja

ABSTRACT

Genes encoding an acidic wheat class IV chitinase (383), an acidic wheat β 1,3-glucanase (638) and a rice cationic peroxidase (POC1) were introduced into ‘Nantes Coreless’ carrot (Daucus carota) by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The genes were introduced singly or in various combinations followed by selection imposed by the herbicide phosphinothricin. Regenerated plantlets were screened for presence and expression of the three transgenes using PCR, Southern and Northern hybridisations. Eighteen transgenic lines expressing a single transgene and 2 lines each co-expressing 638/383 and 383/POC1 were assessed for resistance to the necrotrophic fungal pathogens Botrytis cinerea and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Percentage leaf area diseased was measured 4 and 7 days after inoculation (dai) and compared to non-transformed control plants. Six lines expressing β-1,3-glucanase 638 alone had no enhanced resistance to B. cinerea at 4 dai and only slight resistance to S. sclerotiorum; there was no effect at 7 dai. Two out of the six lines expressing 383 alone had enhanced tolerance to both pathogens with a 20–50% reduction in disease development at 7 dai. Two lines co-expressing 638/383 had slight reductions in disease by (10–20%) similar to that of the lines expressing chitinase 383 alone. Highest levels of disease resistance were seen in transgenic lines expressing POC1, alone or in combination with chitinase 383. Disease symptoms were slower to develop and symptoms were reduced by up to 90% for B. cinerea and 70% for S. sclerotiorum. The 383/POC1 co-expressing plants developed disease at levels similar to that of POC1 alone. Petioles of plants over-expressing POC1 had higher levels of lignin accumulation constitutively compared to control plants, which was greatly enhanced following inoculation with S. sclerotiorum. These results indicate that peroxidase over-expression can lead to significant disease reduction against necrotrophic pathogens in transgenic carrot plants. More... »

PAGES

331

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10658-008-9370-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10658-008-9370-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030598649


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