Food groups and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-05

AUTHORS

Lukas Schwingshackl, Georg Hoffmann, Anna-Maria Lampousi, Sven Knüppel, Khalid Iqbal, Carolina Schwedhelm, Angela Bechthold, Sabrina Schlesinger, Heiner Boeing

ABSTRACT

The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to synthesize the knowledge about the relation between intake of 12 major food groups and risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). We conducted a systematic search in PubMed, Embase, Medline (Ovid), Cochrane Central, and Google Scholar for prospective studies investigating the association between whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) on risk of T2D. Summary relative risks were estimated using a random effects model by contrasting categories, and for linear and non-linear dose-response relationships. Six out of the 12 food-groups showed a significant relation with risk of T2D, three of them a decrease of risk with increasing consumption (whole grains, fruits, and dairy), and three an increase of risk with increasing consumption (red meat, processed meat, and SSB) in the linear dose-response meta-analysis. There was evidence of a non-linear relationship between fruits, vegetables, processed meat, whole grains, and SSB and T2D risk. Optimal consumption of risk-decreasing foods resulted in a 42% reduction, and consumption of risk-increasing foods was associated with a threefold T2D risk, compared to non-consumption. The meta-evidence was graded "low" for legumes and nuts; "moderate" for refined grains, vegetables, fruit, eggs, dairy, and fish; and "high" for processed meat, red meat, whole grains, and SSB. Among the investigated food groups, selecting specific optimal intakes can lead to a considerable change in risk of T2D. More... »

PAGES

363-375

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10654-017-0246-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-017-0246-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084768637

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28397016


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0908", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Food Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Diet", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Eating", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Feeding Behavior", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Food", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Fruit", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Meat", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Nuts", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Prospective Studies", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Risk Factors", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Risk Reduction Behavior", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Vegetables", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Whole Grains", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "German Institute of Human Nutrition", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418213.d", 
          "name": [
            "German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke (DIfE), Arthur-Scheunert-Allee 114-116, 14558, Nuthetal, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Schwingshackl", 
        "givenName": "Lukas", 
        "id": "sg:person.01067430036.94", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01067430036.94"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Vienna", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10420.37", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Vienna, Althanstra\u00dfe 14, UZA II, 1090, Vienna, Austria"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hoffmann", 
        "givenName": "Georg", 
        "id": "sg:person.01060154657.48", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01060154657.48"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "German Institute of Human Nutrition", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418213.d", 
          "name": [
            "German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke (DIfE), Arthur-Scheunert-Allee 114-116, 14558, Nuthetal, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lampousi", 
        "givenName": "Anna-Maria", 
        "id": "sg:person.011517134473.51", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011517134473.51"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "German Institute of Human Nutrition", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418213.d", 
          "name": [
            "German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke (DIfE), Arthur-Scheunert-Allee 114-116, 14558, Nuthetal, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kn\u00fcppel", 
        "givenName": "Sven", 
        "id": "sg:person.01050641335.83", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01050641335.83"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "German Institute of Human Nutrition", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418213.d", 
          "name": [
            "German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke (DIfE), Arthur-Scheunert-Allee 114-116, 14558, Nuthetal, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Iqbal", 
        "givenName": "Khalid", 
        "id": "sg:person.016521207405.48", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016521207405.48"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "German Institute of Human Nutrition", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418213.d", 
          "name": [
            "German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke (DIfE), Arthur-Scheunert-Allee 114-116, 14558, Nuthetal, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Schwedhelm", 
        "givenName": "Carolina", 
        "id": "sg:person.0723225717.63", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0723225717.63"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "German Nutrition Society, Godesberger Allee 18, 53175, Bonn, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bechthold", 
        "givenName": "Angela", 
        "id": "sg:person.01226153145.34", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01226153145.34"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Heinrich Heine University D\u00fcsseldorf", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411327.2", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health Imperial College London, St. Mary\u2019s Campus, Norfolk Place, Paddington, W2 1PG, London, UK", 
            "Institute for Biometry and Epidemiology, Leibniz Institute for Diabetes Research, Heinrich Heine University D\u00fcsseldorf, 40225, Duesseldorf, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Schlesinger", 
        "givenName": "Sabrina", 
        "id": "sg:person.01316345250.85", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01316345250.85"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "German Institute of Human Nutrition", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418213.d", 
          "name": [
            "German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke (DIfE), Arthur-Scheunert-Allee 114-116, 14558, Nuthetal, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Boeing", 
        "givenName": "Heiner", 
        "id": "sg:person.0625660524.69", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0625660524.69"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s0954422410000041", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002769665"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s0954422410000041", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002769665"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00394-012-0380-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002964601", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-012-0380-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/jdi.12376", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003284792"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2011.07.004", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003521593"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-med-042010-113026", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004731621"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140846", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005740130"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.111.018978", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006193238"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s0007114514001329", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007190964"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.113.059030", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007539239"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s2213-8587(15)00477-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008193234"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12172", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008413345"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/sim.4780080504", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010094688"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwq425", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011283636"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2014.12.009", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012755454"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/cam4.539", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014671092"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s13643-016-0302-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018476224", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-016-0302-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s13643-016-0302-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018476224", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-016-0302-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0157461", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019137857"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.112.041467", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019679081"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.112.041467", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019679081"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.112.041467", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019679081"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.112.041467", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019679081"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa1200303", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020330063"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s2213-8587(14)70146-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020599652"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc08-s061", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021952375"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005497", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022982007"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.113.058362", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023424384"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.283.15.2008", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023723086"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc10-1150", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028041733"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s0029665115004255", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029885939"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm200105033441801", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034342241"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0197-2456(86)90046-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034546744"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0197-2456(86)90046-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034546744"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10654-010-9491-z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036685756", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-010-9491-z"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.113.076109", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038585528"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2015.04.016", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038950884"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1001/archinternmed.2009.237", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039091914"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sj.ijo.0801229", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041357398", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0801229"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sj.ijo.0801229", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041357398", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0801229"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h3576", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043184670"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc08-1271", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044538209"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131377", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044713439"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s0007114513001128", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045330678"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/sim.1186", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047418980"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10654-013-9852-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048405918", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-013-9852-5"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc11-1869", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050928333"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-016-3923-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052065893", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-016-3923-6"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-016-3923-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052065893", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-016-3923-6"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-016-3923-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052065893", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-016-3923-6"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s1368980014001542", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052413503"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1569330", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057350904"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/nutrit/nuw045", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059945512"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.315.7109.629", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062780726"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.315.7109.629", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062780726"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.114.101238", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071753516"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3945/an.116.013052", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071754160"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.7150/ijms.3.152", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073619159"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/133.5.1302", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075280814"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/78.5.965", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076590724"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a116237", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077135678"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2017-05", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2017-05-01", 
    "description": "The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to synthesize the knowledge about the relation between intake of 12 major food groups and risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). We conducted a systematic search in PubMed, Embase, Medline (Ovid), Cochrane Central, and Google Scholar for prospective studies investigating the association between whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) on risk of T2D. Summary relative risks were estimated using a random effects model by contrasting categories, and for linear and non-linear dose-response relationships. Six out of the 12 food-groups showed a significant relation with risk of T2D, three of them a decrease of risk with increasing consumption (whole grains, fruits, and dairy), and three an increase of risk with increasing consumption (red meat, processed meat, and SSB) in the linear dose-response meta-analysis. There was evidence of a non-linear relationship between fruits, vegetables, processed meat, whole grains, and SSB and T2D risk. Optimal consumption of risk-decreasing foods resulted in a 42% reduction, and consumption of risk-increasing foods was associated with a threefold T2D risk, compared to non-consumption. The meta-evidence was graded \"low\" for legumes and nuts; \"moderate\" for refined grains, vegetables, fruit, eggs, dairy, and fish; and \"high\" for processed meat, red meat, whole grains, and SSB. Among the investigated food groups, selecting specific optimal intakes can lead to a considerable change in risk of T2D.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10654-017-0246-y", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1095636", 
        "issn": [
          "0393-2990", 
          "1573-7284"
        ], 
        "name": "European Journal of Epidemiology", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "5", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "32"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Food groups and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies", 
    "pagination": "363-375", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "c464e92761db7c641938019adc4ef0eb140422ff158e31bc346101f682b98bda"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "28397016"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "8508062"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s10654-017-0246-y"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1084768637"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-017-0246-y", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084768637"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T10:15", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000348_0000000348/records_54297_00000001.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs10654-017-0246-y"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10654-017-0246-y'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10654-017-0246-y'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10654-017-0246-y'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10654-017-0246-y'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

349 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      94 URIs      35 LITERALS      23 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10654-017-0246-y schema:about N31825bb02b934edd8442c6a68f3e3856
2 N44ce2a2014ce4bea938c5e17264fbf7b
3 N4a520368447f4daeb33238357d6995f7
4 N4cbfefa41c7240eea0ac44860bf8bdcf
5 N6c98ae17c3a7471d8b4016ee41784582
6 N81ca2f7effc04e7cb4d09f7833db797e
7 N8cc1ad2aa3344036a789a44b712453a3
8 N9d59b72c6801447f8641a4dfbeeef595
9 Nab6fa81213ab4c608a327baaffa36341
10 Nb6731f44f15341b9b7ca4aeae8c39a0e
11 Ncc996ede0df843338b9bad57e3bfadb5
12 Nd9982c0fa62f4bb5a951debf54e27bba
13 Nee4f182bdcc048529be47b0cb9f50c84
14 Nf24b3c3215f0427cb64ce84210aa3c9a
15 anzsrc-for:09
16 anzsrc-for:0908
17 schema:author N968ce4d23ff344dcbc054c24cd9376f9
18 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-016-3923-6
19 sg:pub.10.1007/s00394-012-0380-y
20 sg:pub.10.1007/s10654-010-9491-z
21 sg:pub.10.1007/s10654-013-9852-5
22 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.ijo.0801229
23 sg:pub.10.1186/s13643-016-0302-9
24 https://doi.org/10.1001/archinternmed.2009.237
25 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.283.15.2008
26 https://doi.org/10.1002/cam4.539
27 https://doi.org/10.1002/sim.1186
28 https://doi.org/10.1002/sim.4780080504
29 https://doi.org/10.1016/0197-2456(86)90046-2
30 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2015.04.016
31 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2014.12.009
32 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2011.07.004
33 https://doi.org/10.1016/s2213-8587(14)70146-9
34 https://doi.org/10.1016/s2213-8587(15)00477-5
35 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0007114513001128
36 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0007114514001329
37 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0029665115004255
38 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0954422410000041
39 https://doi.org/10.1017/s1368980014001542
40 https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1569330
41 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm200105033441801
42 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa1200303
43 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/78.5.965
44 https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwq425
45 https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/133.5.1302
46 https://doi.org/10.1093/nutrit/nuw045
47 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a116237
48 https://doi.org/10.1111/jdi.12376
49 https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12172
50 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.315.7109.629
51 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h3576
52 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005497
53 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-med-042010-113026
54 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131377
55 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140846
56 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0157461
57 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc08-1271
58 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc08-s061
59 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc10-1150
60 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc11-1869
61 https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.111.018978
62 https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.112.041467
63 https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.113.058362
64 https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.113.059030
65 https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.113.076109
66 https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.114.101238
67 https://doi.org/10.3945/an.116.013052
68 https://doi.org/10.7150/ijms.3.152
69 schema:datePublished 2017-05
70 schema:datePublishedReg 2017-05-01
71 schema:description The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to synthesize the knowledge about the relation between intake of 12 major food groups and risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). We conducted a systematic search in PubMed, Embase, Medline (Ovid), Cochrane Central, and Google Scholar for prospective studies investigating the association between whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) on risk of T2D. Summary relative risks were estimated using a random effects model by contrasting categories, and for linear and non-linear dose-response relationships. Six out of the 12 food-groups showed a significant relation with risk of T2D, three of them a decrease of risk with increasing consumption (whole grains, fruits, and dairy), and three an increase of risk with increasing consumption (red meat, processed meat, and SSB) in the linear dose-response meta-analysis. There was evidence of a non-linear relationship between fruits, vegetables, processed meat, whole grains, and SSB and T2D risk. Optimal consumption of risk-decreasing foods resulted in a 42% reduction, and consumption of risk-increasing foods was associated with a threefold T2D risk, compared to non-consumption. The meta-evidence was graded "low" for legumes and nuts; "moderate" for refined grains, vegetables, fruit, eggs, dairy, and fish; and "high" for processed meat, red meat, whole grains, and SSB. Among the investigated food groups, selecting specific optimal intakes can lead to a considerable change in risk of T2D.
72 schema:genre research_article
73 schema:inLanguage en
74 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
75 schema:isPartOf N0241b68a3cb54543a48dfba95e58bd88
76 Nd2ad3858902345b1a3180e8d615f4b0d
77 sg:journal.1095636
78 schema:name Food groups and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies
79 schema:pagination 363-375
80 schema:productId N44b1a8d8c7f94af29c70783e7c3b35dd
81 N6c171f56ada8496cb53001131fbbde6b
82 N877211a4efcd415ba314e9991e5fe7cd
83 N8a7ac216f09f46ef8ccdb4368ca14175
84 Nd1fc3388e3374818bbfa14536c75f8f0
85 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084768637
86 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-017-0246-y
87 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T10:15
88 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
89 schema:sdPublisher Nd7a9f87a98554a77b34001679fe6a9b3
90 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs10654-017-0246-y
91 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
92 sgo:sdDataset articles
93 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
94 N0241b68a3cb54543a48dfba95e58bd88 schema:volumeNumber 32
95 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
96 N1a621a2c4a0d4194a65d890d0d322f3b rdf:first sg:person.01060154657.48
97 rdf:rest Nad576234f35d4082843552e09e74da4a
98 N31825bb02b934edd8442c6a68f3e3856 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
99 schema:name Risk Reduction Behavior
100 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
101 N44b1a8d8c7f94af29c70783e7c3b35dd schema:name readcube_id
102 schema:value c464e92761db7c641938019adc4ef0eb140422ff158e31bc346101f682b98bda
103 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
104 N44ce2a2014ce4bea938c5e17264fbf7b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
105 schema:name Whole Grains
106 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
107 N4a520368447f4daeb33238357d6995f7 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
108 schema:name Nuts
109 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
110 N4cbfefa41c7240eea0ac44860bf8bdcf schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
111 schema:name Eating
112 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
113 N617effbbb69543088ffd913e8cd6016b rdf:first sg:person.0625660524.69
114 rdf:rest rdf:nil
115 N6c171f56ada8496cb53001131fbbde6b schema:name doi
116 schema:value 10.1007/s10654-017-0246-y
117 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
118 N6c98ae17c3a7471d8b4016ee41784582 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
119 schema:name Feeding Behavior
120 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
121 N71bc95a426a54105ab317d2caaf3dcce rdf:first sg:person.01316345250.85
122 rdf:rest N617effbbb69543088ffd913e8cd6016b
123 N81ca2f7effc04e7cb4d09f7833db797e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
124 schema:name Vegetables
125 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
126 N877211a4efcd415ba314e9991e5fe7cd schema:name nlm_unique_id
127 schema:value 8508062
128 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
129 N8a7ac216f09f46ef8ccdb4368ca14175 schema:name dimensions_id
130 schema:value pub.1084768637
131 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
132 N8cc1ad2aa3344036a789a44b712453a3 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
133 schema:name Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
134 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
135 N968ce4d23ff344dcbc054c24cd9376f9 rdf:first sg:person.01067430036.94
136 rdf:rest N1a621a2c4a0d4194a65d890d0d322f3b
137 N9d59b72c6801447f8641a4dfbeeef595 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
138 schema:name Food
139 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
140 Na304545df7f24c8b8d4da52c7ce159ff rdf:first sg:person.0723225717.63
141 rdf:rest Ndd0bd4b49a4546459b8a60e08cc9ee5e
142 Nab6fa81213ab4c608a327baaffa36341 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
143 schema:name Prospective Studies
144 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
145 Nad576234f35d4082843552e09e74da4a rdf:first sg:person.011517134473.51
146 rdf:rest Nd140d8cea6e541708805e9a7b7f73490
147 Nb6731f44f15341b9b7ca4aeae8c39a0e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
148 schema:name Humans
149 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
150 Ncc996ede0df843338b9bad57e3bfadb5 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
151 schema:name Diet
152 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
153 Nd140d8cea6e541708805e9a7b7f73490 rdf:first sg:person.01050641335.83
154 rdf:rest Nd44d71f06af4422a91f8a6f1a6e165f7
155 Nd1fc3388e3374818bbfa14536c75f8f0 schema:name pubmed_id
156 schema:value 28397016
157 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
158 Nd2ad3858902345b1a3180e8d615f4b0d schema:issueNumber 5
159 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
160 Nd44d71f06af4422a91f8a6f1a6e165f7 rdf:first sg:person.016521207405.48
161 rdf:rest Na304545df7f24c8b8d4da52c7ce159ff
162 Nd7a9f87a98554a77b34001679fe6a9b3 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
163 rdf:type schema:Organization
164 Nd9982c0fa62f4bb5a951debf54e27bba schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
165 schema:name Meat
166 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
167 Ndd0bd4b49a4546459b8a60e08cc9ee5e rdf:first sg:person.01226153145.34
168 rdf:rest N71bc95a426a54105ab317d2caaf3dcce
169 Nee4f182bdcc048529be47b0cb9f50c84 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
170 schema:name Fruit
171 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
172 Nf24b3c3215f0427cb64ce84210aa3c9a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
173 schema:name Risk Factors
174 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
175 Nf54620b44981469d8d91bf2df4191098 schema:name German Nutrition Society, Godesberger Allee 18, 53175, Bonn, Germany
176 rdf:type schema:Organization
177 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
178 schema:name Engineering
179 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
180 anzsrc-for:0908 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
181 schema:name Food Sciences
182 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
183 sg:journal.1095636 schema:issn 0393-2990
184 1573-7284
185 schema:name European Journal of Epidemiology
186 rdf:type schema:Periodical
187 sg:person.01050641335.83 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418213.d
188 schema:familyName Knüppel
189 schema:givenName Sven
190 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01050641335.83
191 rdf:type schema:Person
192 sg:person.01060154657.48 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10420.37
193 schema:familyName Hoffmann
194 schema:givenName Georg
195 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01060154657.48
196 rdf:type schema:Person
197 sg:person.01067430036.94 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418213.d
198 schema:familyName Schwingshackl
199 schema:givenName Lukas
200 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01067430036.94
201 rdf:type schema:Person
202 sg:person.011517134473.51 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418213.d
203 schema:familyName Lampousi
204 schema:givenName Anna-Maria
205 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011517134473.51
206 rdf:type schema:Person
207 sg:person.01226153145.34 schema:affiliation Nf54620b44981469d8d91bf2df4191098
208 schema:familyName Bechthold
209 schema:givenName Angela
210 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01226153145.34
211 rdf:type schema:Person
212 sg:person.01316345250.85 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411327.2
213 schema:familyName Schlesinger
214 schema:givenName Sabrina
215 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01316345250.85
216 rdf:type schema:Person
217 sg:person.016521207405.48 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418213.d
218 schema:familyName Iqbal
219 schema:givenName Khalid
220 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016521207405.48
221 rdf:type schema:Person
222 sg:person.0625660524.69 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418213.d
223 schema:familyName Boeing
224 schema:givenName Heiner
225 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0625660524.69
226 rdf:type schema:Person
227 sg:person.0723225717.63 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418213.d
228 schema:familyName Schwedhelm
229 schema:givenName Carolina
230 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0723225717.63
231 rdf:type schema:Person
232 sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-016-3923-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052065893
233 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-016-3923-6
234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
235 sg:pub.10.1007/s00394-012-0380-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002964601
236 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-012-0380-y
237 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
238 sg:pub.10.1007/s10654-010-9491-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036685756
239 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-010-9491-z
240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
241 sg:pub.10.1007/s10654-013-9852-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048405918
242 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-013-9852-5
243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
244 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.ijo.0801229 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041357398
245 https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0801229
246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
247 sg:pub.10.1186/s13643-016-0302-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018476224
248 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-016-0302-9
249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
250 https://doi.org/10.1001/archinternmed.2009.237 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039091914
251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
252 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.283.15.2008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023723086
253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
254 https://doi.org/10.1002/cam4.539 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014671092
255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
256 https://doi.org/10.1002/sim.1186 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047418980
257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
258 https://doi.org/10.1002/sim.4780080504 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010094688
259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
260 https://doi.org/10.1016/0197-2456(86)90046-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034546744
261 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
262 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2015.04.016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038950884
263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
264 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2014.12.009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012755454
265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
266 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2011.07.004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003521593
267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
268 https://doi.org/10.1016/s2213-8587(14)70146-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020599652
269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
270 https://doi.org/10.1016/s2213-8587(15)00477-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008193234
271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
272 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0007114513001128 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045330678
273 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
274 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0007114514001329 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007190964
275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
276 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0029665115004255 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029885939
277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
278 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0954422410000041 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002769665
279 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
280 https://doi.org/10.1017/s1368980014001542 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052413503
281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
282 https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1569330 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057350904
283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
284 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm200105033441801 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034342241
285 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
286 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa1200303 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020330063
287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
288 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/78.5.965 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076590724
289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
290 https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwq425 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011283636
291 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
292 https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/133.5.1302 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075280814
293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
294 https://doi.org/10.1093/nutrit/nuw045 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059945512
295 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
296 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a116237 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077135678
297 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
298 https://doi.org/10.1111/jdi.12376 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003284792
299 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
300 https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12172 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008413345
301 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
302 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.315.7109.629 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062780726
303 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
304 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h3576 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043184670
305 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
306 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005497 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022982007
307 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
308 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-med-042010-113026 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004731621
309 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
310 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131377 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044713439
311 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
312 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140846 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005740130
313 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
314 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0157461 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019137857
315 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
316 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc08-1271 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044538209
317 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
318 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc08-s061 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021952375
319 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
320 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc10-1150 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028041733
321 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
322 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc11-1869 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050928333
323 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
324 https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.111.018978 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006193238
325 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
326 https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.112.041467 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019679081
327 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
328 https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.113.058362 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023424384
329 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
330 https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.113.059030 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007539239
331 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
332 https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.113.076109 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038585528
333 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
334 https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.114.101238 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071753516
335 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
336 https://doi.org/10.3945/an.116.013052 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071754160
337 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
338 https://doi.org/10.7150/ijms.3.152 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073619159
339 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
340 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10420.37 schema:alternateName University of Vienna
341 schema:name Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Vienna, Althanstraße 14, UZA II, 1090, Vienna, Austria
342 rdf:type schema:Organization
343 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411327.2 schema:alternateName Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf
344 schema:name Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health Imperial College London, St. Mary’s Campus, Norfolk Place, Paddington, W2 1PG, London, UK
345 Institute for Biometry and Epidemiology, Leibniz Institute for Diabetes Research, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, 40225, Duesseldorf, Germany
346 rdf:type schema:Organization
347 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418213.d schema:alternateName German Institute of Human Nutrition
348 schema:name German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke (DIfE), Arthur-Scheunert-Allee 114-116, 14558, Nuthetal, Germany
349 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...