Effect of some commonly used pesticides on seed germination, biomass production and photosynthetic pigments in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-03

AUTHORS

Shakirullah Khan Shakir, Memoona Kanwal, Waheed Murad, Zia ur Rehman, Shafiq ur Rehman, M. K. Daud, Azizullah Azizullah

ABSTRACT

Pesticides are highly toxic substances. Their toxicity may not be absolutely specific to the target organisms but can adversely affect different processes in the non-target host plants. In the present study, the effect of over application of four commonly used pesticides (emamectin benzoate, alpha-cypermethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin and imidacloprid) was evaluated on the germination, seedling vigor and photosynthetic pigments in tomato. The obtained results revealed that seed germination was decreased by the pesticides and this effect was more prominent at early stages of exposure. All the tested pesticides reduced the growth of tomato when applied in higher concentration than the recommended dose, but at lower doses the pesticides had some stimulatory effects on growth as compared to the control. A similar effect of pesticides was observed on the photosynthetic pigments, i.e. a decrease in pigments concentrations was caused at higher doses but an increase was observed at lower doses of pesticides. The calculation of EC50 values for different parameters revealed the lowest EC50 values for emamectin (ranged as 51-181 mg/L) followed by alpha-cypermethrin (191.74-374.39), lambda-cyhalothrin (102.43-354.28) and imidacloprid (430.29-1979.66 mg/L). A comparison of the obtained EC50 values for different parameters of tomato with the recommended doses revealed that over application of these pesticides can be harmful to tomato crop. In a few cases these pesticides were found toxic even at the recommended doses. However, a field based study in this regard should be conducted to further verify these results. More... »

PAGES

329-341

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10646-015-1591-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10646-015-1591-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008369507

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26603051


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0607", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Plant Biology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Disaccharides", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Germination", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Imidazoles", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Insecticides", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Ivermectin", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Lycopersicon esculentum", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Neonicotinoids", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Nitriles", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Nitro Compounds", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Pakistan", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Photosynthesis", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Pyrethrins", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Seedlings", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Kohat University of Science and Technology", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411112.6", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Botany, Kohat University of Sciences and Technology (KUST), 26000, Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Shakir", 
        "givenName": "Shakirullah Khan", 
        "id": "sg:person.01277173726.19", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01277173726.19"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Kohat University of Science and Technology", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411112.6", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Botany, Kohat University of Sciences and Technology (KUST), 26000, Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kanwal", 
        "givenName": "Memoona", 
        "id": "sg:person.01340755225.03", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01340755225.03"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Kohat University of Science and Technology", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411112.6", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Botany, Kohat University of Sciences and Technology (KUST), 26000, Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Murad", 
        "givenName": "Waheed", 
        "id": "sg:person.01372572054.66", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01372572054.66"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Kohat University of Science and Technology", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411112.6", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Kohat University of Sciences and Technology (KUST), 26000, Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Zia ur Rehman", 
        "id": "sg:person.016654743513.59", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016654743513.59"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Kohat University of Science and Technology", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411112.6", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Botany, Kohat University of Sciences and Technology (KUST), 26000, Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Shafiq ur Rehman", 
        "id": "sg:person.0756007713.42", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0756007713.42"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Kohat University of Science and Technology", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411112.6", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Kohat University of Sciences and Technology (KUST), 26000, Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Daud", 
        "givenName": "M. K.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0652365674.14", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0652365674.14"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Kohat University of Science and Technology", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411112.6", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Botany, Kohat University of Sciences and Technology (KUST), 26000, Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Azizullah", 
        "givenName": "Azizullah", 
        "id": "sg:person.01321704663.62", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01321704663.62"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3923/rjet.2011.81.96", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001591084"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02979802", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006762801", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02979802"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02979802", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006762801", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02979802"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1042/bst0110591", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006767999"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1042/bst0110591", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006767999"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1663/0006-8101(2003)069[0162:trofit]2.0.co;2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008378078", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1663/0006-8101(2003)069[0162:trofit]2.0.co;2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11738-011-0772-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009472343", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-011-0772-2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2012.311194", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009747843"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0045-6535(98)00561-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014044292"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11099-013-0021-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018651198", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11099-013-0021-6"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0261-2194(96)00006-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024915699"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0261-2194(98)00040-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026415964"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.733", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027574560"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1096-9063(199604)46:4<315::aid-ps369>3.0.co;2-r", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031300419"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2006.08.002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034364064"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2478/v10102-009-0001-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034521897"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2478/v10102-009-0001-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034521897"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pestbp.2006.01.005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041789257"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10646-011-0701-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042413862", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-011-0701-6"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.5620200108", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044070063"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.5620200108", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044070063"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2000.2148.2150", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045704082"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10646-014-1361-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046386071", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-014-1361-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10646-014-1361-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046386071", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-014-1361-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0300-483x(00)00452-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047648229"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/03650349809366059", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048347600"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/03650340410001729735", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051234801"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10646-014-1353-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051939357", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-014-1353-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4314/wajae.v12i1.45749", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052743014"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4314/wajae.v12i1.45749", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052743014"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajep.20130206.15", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063384647"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.15244/pjoes/31339", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067654021"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.17221/3865-pps", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100965533"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2016-03", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2016-03-01", 
    "description": "Pesticides are highly toxic substances. Their toxicity may not be absolutely specific to the target organisms but can adversely affect different processes in the non-target host plants. In the present study, the effect of over application of four commonly used pesticides (emamectin benzoate, alpha-cypermethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin and imidacloprid) was evaluated on the germination, seedling vigor and photosynthetic pigments in tomato. The obtained results revealed that seed germination was decreased by the pesticides and this effect was more prominent at early stages of exposure. All the tested pesticides reduced the growth of tomato when applied in higher concentration than the recommended dose, but at lower doses the pesticides had some stimulatory effects on growth as compared to the control. A similar effect of pesticides was observed on the photosynthetic pigments, i.e. a decrease in pigments concentrations was caused at higher doses but an increase was observed at lower doses of pesticides. The calculation of EC50 values for different parameters revealed the lowest EC50 values for emamectin (ranged as 51-181\u00a0mg/L) followed by alpha-cypermethrin (191.74-374.39), lambda-cyhalothrin (102.43-354.28) and imidacloprid (430.29-1979.66\u00a0mg/L). A comparison of the obtained EC50 values for different parameters of tomato with the recommended doses revealed that over application of these pesticides can be harmful to tomato crop. In a few cases these pesticides were found toxic even at the recommended doses. However, a field based study in this regard should be conducted to further verify these results. ", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10646-015-1591-9", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1129600", 
        "issn": [
          "0963-9292", 
          "1573-3017"
        ], 
        "name": "Ecotoxicology", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "2", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "25"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Effect of some commonly used pesticides on seed germination, biomass production and photosynthetic pigments in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)", 
    "pagination": "329-341", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "27df0eb1ba3e85952641042e579f845a864138b5bf15ec1e68fd9cabcc1b00b4"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "26603051"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "9885956"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s10646-015-1591-9"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1008369507"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-015-1591-9", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008369507"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T09:49", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000347_0000000347/records_89785_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs10646-015-1591-9"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10646-015-1591-9'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10646-015-1591-9'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10646-015-1591-9'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10646-015-1591-9'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

250 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      69 URIs      34 LITERALS      22 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10646-015-1591-9 schema:about N20863e0f57564295997c9036b160f4b6
2 N227ec53fd9fa4cb688a5f7aeb8c37770
3 N489394be7c5b4c878a317bf248909554
4 N555154b4c1f249189ad64618ac82d63c
5 N567affee003b4e0da2857dfab0e8f533
6 N704f68a25af246f99426b4f0530f19ad
7 N99b1bcd372ba4be697a0e5bb6e30d954
8 Nb3182c7ff2ff4bb7b7e67b76bf2b5513
9 Nb62efd9ca1cc4ba7ae6e001b9530de07
10 Nba34fe3760504b4eb22f72bed214c296
11 Nbc9ee75f671549c1a7470f7cd5452dab
12 Nd658ec1342934595997cc12f53b6e4fb
13 Nf3ef7568a1d54fdaae191ca7cdd0f318
14 anzsrc-for:06
15 anzsrc-for:0607
16 schema:author Ne6acb389f95f4f9994b38691fb413dc5
17 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf02979802
18 sg:pub.10.1007/s10646-011-0701-6
19 sg:pub.10.1007/s10646-014-1353-0
20 sg:pub.10.1007/s10646-014-1361-0
21 sg:pub.10.1007/s11099-013-0021-6
22 sg:pub.10.1007/s11738-011-0772-2
23 sg:pub.10.1663/0006-8101(2003)069[0162:trofit]2.0.co;2
24 https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1096-9063(199604)46:4<315::aid-ps369>3.0.co;2-r
25 https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.5620200108
26 https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.733
27 https://doi.org/10.1016/0261-2194(96)00006-3
28 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2006.08.002
29 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pestbp.2006.01.005
30 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0045-6535(98)00561-x
31 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0261-2194(98)00040-4
32 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0300-483x(00)00452-2
33 https://doi.org/10.1042/bst0110591
34 https://doi.org/10.1080/03650340410001729735
35 https://doi.org/10.1080/03650349809366059
36 https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajep.20130206.15
37 https://doi.org/10.15244/pjoes/31339
38 https://doi.org/10.17221/3865-pps
39 https://doi.org/10.2478/v10102-009-0001-7
40 https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2000.2148.2150
41 https://doi.org/10.3923/rjet.2011.81.96
42 https://doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2012.311194
43 https://doi.org/10.4314/wajae.v12i1.45749
44 schema:datePublished 2016-03
45 schema:datePublishedReg 2016-03-01
46 schema:description Pesticides are highly toxic substances. Their toxicity may not be absolutely specific to the target organisms but can adversely affect different processes in the non-target host plants. In the present study, the effect of over application of four commonly used pesticides (emamectin benzoate, alpha-cypermethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin and imidacloprid) was evaluated on the germination, seedling vigor and photosynthetic pigments in tomato. The obtained results revealed that seed germination was decreased by the pesticides and this effect was more prominent at early stages of exposure. All the tested pesticides reduced the growth of tomato when applied in higher concentration than the recommended dose, but at lower doses the pesticides had some stimulatory effects on growth as compared to the control. A similar effect of pesticides was observed on the photosynthetic pigments, i.e. a decrease in pigments concentrations was caused at higher doses but an increase was observed at lower doses of pesticides. The calculation of EC50 values for different parameters revealed the lowest EC50 values for emamectin (ranged as 51-181 mg/L) followed by alpha-cypermethrin (191.74-374.39), lambda-cyhalothrin (102.43-354.28) and imidacloprid (430.29-1979.66 mg/L). A comparison of the obtained EC50 values for different parameters of tomato with the recommended doses revealed that over application of these pesticides can be harmful to tomato crop. In a few cases these pesticides were found toxic even at the recommended doses. However, a field based study in this regard should be conducted to further verify these results.
47 schema:genre research_article
48 schema:inLanguage en
49 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
50 schema:isPartOf N0d6afc8dfa5945c8ba9e8b81eac465d0
51 Nb09a77e4f1e44b38a074571e9206900d
52 sg:journal.1129600
53 schema:name Effect of some commonly used pesticides on seed germination, biomass production and photosynthetic pigments in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
54 schema:pagination 329-341
55 schema:productId N37c6ac18a59741679824b26a501285a7
56 N54b69357dc8745f39d3df087af843379
57 N86d2eb29d31644b1a9218c1e306b1ce5
58 Nba7fecf218424125b461f53d80b5cbda
59 Nd2ac21fcdf7e4b9293d116997c666f87
60 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008369507
61 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-015-1591-9
62 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T09:49
63 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
64 schema:sdPublisher N6f8cbe506ba14bca8b3c401fdc2a11f0
65 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs10646-015-1591-9
66 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
67 sgo:sdDataset articles
68 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
69 N012176312298450fbaef0ca837eff046 rdf:first sg:person.01321704663.62
70 rdf:rest rdf:nil
71 N01b55848cd654075979d3341dff4dafc rdf:first sg:person.01340755225.03
72 rdf:rest Nf12343dae8354797b6607a6c554b18ec
73 N0d6afc8dfa5945c8ba9e8b81eac465d0 schema:issueNumber 2
74 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
75 N20863e0f57564295997c9036b160f4b6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
76 schema:name Insecticides
77 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
78 N227ec53fd9fa4cb688a5f7aeb8c37770 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
79 schema:name Nitro Compounds
80 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
81 N37c6ac18a59741679824b26a501285a7 schema:name readcube_id
82 schema:value 27df0eb1ba3e85952641042e579f845a864138b5bf15ec1e68fd9cabcc1b00b4
83 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
84 N489394be7c5b4c878a317bf248909554 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
85 schema:name Seedlings
86 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
87 N54b69357dc8745f39d3df087af843379 schema:name doi
88 schema:value 10.1007/s10646-015-1591-9
89 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
90 N555154b4c1f249189ad64618ac82d63c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
91 schema:name Ivermectin
92 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
93 N567affee003b4e0da2857dfab0e8f533 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
94 schema:name Pyrethrins
95 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
96 N6f8cbe506ba14bca8b3c401fdc2a11f0 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
97 rdf:type schema:Organization
98 N704f68a25af246f99426b4f0530f19ad schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
99 schema:name Germination
100 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
101 N86d2eb29d31644b1a9218c1e306b1ce5 schema:name dimensions_id
102 schema:value pub.1008369507
103 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
104 N95a4511c662849648b3d6bacb8d36cf1 rdf:first sg:person.0756007713.42
105 rdf:rest Nce81ba4bb31c451591b03a497a0952f1
106 N99b1bcd372ba4be697a0e5bb6e30d954 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
107 schema:name Photosynthesis
108 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
109 Nb09a77e4f1e44b38a074571e9206900d schema:volumeNumber 25
110 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
111 Nb3182c7ff2ff4bb7b7e67b76bf2b5513 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
112 schema:name Disaccharides
113 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
114 Nb62efd9ca1cc4ba7ae6e001b9530de07 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
115 schema:name Pakistan
116 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
117 Nb639edbfeab14a21beba97b8329d9354 rdf:first sg:person.016654743513.59
118 rdf:rest N95a4511c662849648b3d6bacb8d36cf1
119 Nba34fe3760504b4eb22f72bed214c296 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
120 schema:name Imidazoles
121 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
122 Nba7fecf218424125b461f53d80b5cbda schema:name nlm_unique_id
123 schema:value 9885956
124 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
125 Nbc9ee75f671549c1a7470f7cd5452dab schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
126 schema:name Neonicotinoids
127 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
128 Nce81ba4bb31c451591b03a497a0952f1 rdf:first sg:person.0652365674.14
129 rdf:rest N012176312298450fbaef0ca837eff046
130 Nd2ac21fcdf7e4b9293d116997c666f87 schema:name pubmed_id
131 schema:value 26603051
132 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
133 Nd658ec1342934595997cc12f53b6e4fb schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
134 schema:name Nitriles
135 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
136 Ne6acb389f95f4f9994b38691fb413dc5 rdf:first sg:person.01277173726.19
137 rdf:rest N01b55848cd654075979d3341dff4dafc
138 Nf12343dae8354797b6607a6c554b18ec rdf:first sg:person.01372572054.66
139 rdf:rest Nb639edbfeab14a21beba97b8329d9354
140 Nf3ef7568a1d54fdaae191ca7cdd0f318 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
141 schema:name Lycopersicon esculentum
142 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
143 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
144 schema:name Biological Sciences
145 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
146 anzsrc-for:0607 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
147 schema:name Plant Biology
148 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
149 sg:journal.1129600 schema:issn 0963-9292
150 1573-3017
151 schema:name Ecotoxicology
152 rdf:type schema:Periodical
153 sg:person.01277173726.19 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411112.6
154 schema:familyName Shakir
155 schema:givenName Shakirullah Khan
156 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01277173726.19
157 rdf:type schema:Person
158 sg:person.01321704663.62 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411112.6
159 schema:familyName Azizullah
160 schema:givenName Azizullah
161 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01321704663.62
162 rdf:type schema:Person
163 sg:person.01340755225.03 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411112.6
164 schema:familyName Kanwal
165 schema:givenName Memoona
166 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01340755225.03
167 rdf:type schema:Person
168 sg:person.01372572054.66 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411112.6
169 schema:familyName Murad
170 schema:givenName Waheed
171 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01372572054.66
172 rdf:type schema:Person
173 sg:person.016654743513.59 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411112.6
174 schema:familyName Zia ur Rehman
175 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016654743513.59
176 rdf:type schema:Person
177 sg:person.0652365674.14 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411112.6
178 schema:familyName Daud
179 schema:givenName M. K.
180 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0652365674.14
181 rdf:type schema:Person
182 sg:person.0756007713.42 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411112.6
183 schema:familyName Shafiq ur Rehman
184 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0756007713.42
185 rdf:type schema:Person
186 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02979802 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006762801
187 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02979802
188 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
189 sg:pub.10.1007/s10646-011-0701-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042413862
190 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-011-0701-6
191 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
192 sg:pub.10.1007/s10646-014-1353-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051939357
193 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-014-1353-0
194 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
195 sg:pub.10.1007/s10646-014-1361-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046386071
196 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-014-1361-0
197 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
198 sg:pub.10.1007/s11099-013-0021-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018651198
199 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11099-013-0021-6
200 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
201 sg:pub.10.1007/s11738-011-0772-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009472343
202 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-011-0772-2
203 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
204 sg:pub.10.1663/0006-8101(2003)069[0162:trofit]2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008378078
205 https://doi.org/10.1663/0006-8101(2003)069[0162:trofit]2.0.co;2
206 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
207 https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1096-9063(199604)46:4<315::aid-ps369>3.0.co;2-r schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031300419
208 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
209 https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.5620200108 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044070063
210 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
211 https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.733 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027574560
212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
213 https://doi.org/10.1016/0261-2194(96)00006-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024915699
214 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
215 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2006.08.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034364064
216 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
217 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pestbp.2006.01.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041789257
218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
219 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0045-6535(98)00561-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014044292
220 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
221 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0261-2194(98)00040-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026415964
222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
223 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0300-483x(00)00452-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047648229
224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
225 https://doi.org/10.1042/bst0110591 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006767999
226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
227 https://doi.org/10.1080/03650340410001729735 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051234801
228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
229 https://doi.org/10.1080/03650349809366059 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048347600
230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
231 https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajep.20130206.15 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063384647
232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
233 https://doi.org/10.15244/pjoes/31339 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067654021
234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
235 https://doi.org/10.17221/3865-pps schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100965533
236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
237 https://doi.org/10.2478/v10102-009-0001-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034521897
238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
239 https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2000.2148.2150 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045704082
240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
241 https://doi.org/10.3923/rjet.2011.81.96 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001591084
242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
243 https://doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2012.311194 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009747843
244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
245 https://doi.org/10.4314/wajae.v12i1.45749 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052743014
246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
247 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411112.6 schema:alternateName Kohat University of Science and Technology
248 schema:name Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Kohat University of Sciences and Technology (KUST), 26000, Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
249 Department of Botany, Kohat University of Sciences and Technology (KUST), 26000, Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
250 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...