Toxicity evaluation of three pesticides on non-target aquatic and soil organisms: commercial formulation versus active ingredient View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2009-05

AUTHORS

Joana L. Pereira, Sara C. Antunes, Bruno B. Castro, Catarina R. Marques, Ana M. M. Gonçalves, Fernando Gonçalves, Ruth Pereira

ABSTRACT

The Ecological Risk Assessment of pesticides requires data regarding their toxicity to aquatic and terrestrial non-target species. Such requirements concern active ingredient(s), generally not considering the noxious potential of commercial formulations. This work intends to contribute with novel information on the effects of short-term exposures to two herbicides, with different modes of action (Spasor, Stam Novel Flo 480), and an insecticide (Lannate), as well as to corresponding active ingredients (Glyphosate, Propanil and Methomyl, respectively). The microalga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata (growth inhibition), the cladoceran Daphnia magna (immobilisation), and the earthworm Eisenia andrei (avoidance behaviour) were used as test species. Both herbicides were innocuous to all test organisms at environmentally realistic concentrations, except for Stam and Propanil (highly toxic for Pseudokirchneriella; moderately toxic to Daphnia). Lannate and Methomyl were highly toxic to Daphnia and caused Eisenia to significantly avoid the spiked soil at realistic application rates. The toxicity of formulations either overestimated (e.g. Stam/Propanil for P. subcapitata) or underestimated (e.g. Stam/Propanil for D. magna) that of the active ingredient. More... »

PAGES

455-463

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10646-009-0300-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10646-009-0300-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004571177

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19205879


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10646-009-0300-y'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10646-009-0300-y'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10646-009-0300-y'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10646-009-0300-y'


 

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283 schema:name CESAM (Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies) & Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, Campus de Santiago, 3810-193, Aveiro, Portugal
284 rdf:type schema:Organization
285 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8051.c schema:alternateName University of Coimbra
286 schema:name CESAM (Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies) & Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, Campus de Santiago, 3810-193, Aveiro, Portugal
287 IMAR (Institute of Marine Research), Department of Zoology, University of Coimbra, 3004-517, Coimbra, Portugal
288 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




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