Determinants of social organization in a coral reef fish, the blue tang, Acanthurus coeruleus View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2005-04

AUTHORS

Ingrid E. Morgan, Donald L. Kramer

ABSTRACT

We examined the abundance of blue tang surgeonfish, Acanthurus coeruleus, in each of three social modes (schooling, territorial, and wandering) in relation to size class, ecological variables, population density and time of day to discern potential determinants of social organization. We found individuals from all three social modes in all four fringing reef habitats (back reef, flat, crest and spur and groove zones) at our main site. Territorial tang density was highest in the flat zone, lowest in the spur and groove zone and negatively related to adult damselfish density. A higher proportion of tangs formed schools in reef zones with the highest densities of territorial damselfishes (spur and groove, crest). In the back reef and flat zones, where damselfish densities were very low, tangs rarely formed schools. Tangs in the wandering mode were most abundant in the back reef. The density of territorial tangs did not change with time of day, but non-territorial tangs tended to wander more in the morning and to form schools more at midday. Small yellow-phase juveniles were always territorial, and the incidence of territoriality decreased in the larger size classes, while schooling and wandering increased. Among similar fringing reefs, the incidence of territoriality increased with increasing population density. These data suggest that life history stage, damselfish density, and conspecific population density are important determinants of blue tang social organization. More... »

PAGES

443-453

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1989-05. Environmental determinants of butterflyfish social systems in ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY OF FISHES
  • 2000-01. Movements of Fishes Within and Among Fringing Coral Reefs in Barbados in ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY OF FISHES
  • 1978-03. Patterns of community structure in fishes: summary and overview in ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY OF FISHES
  • 2000-08. Territoriality and Habitat Use by Juvenile Blue Tangs, Acanthurus coeruleus in ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY OF FISHES
  • 1999-07. Diurnal variation in the abundance of juvenile parasitic gnathiid isopods on coral reef fish: implications for parasite-cleaner fish interactions in CORAL REEFS
  • 1987-07. Schooling tendency and foraging benefit in the ocean surgeonfish in BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY AND SOCIOBIOLOGY
  • 2004-11. The social organization of adult blue tangs, Acanthurus coeruleus, on a fringing reef, Barbados, West Indies in ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY OF FISHES
  • 1986-03. An experimental removal of a territorial pomacentrid: effects on the occurrence and behavior of competitors in ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY OF FISHES
  • 1990-02. Mass mortality ofDiadema antillarum in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 1996-05. Intertidal territoriality and time-budget of the surgeonfish, Acanthurus lineatus, in American Samoa in ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY OF FISHES
  • 2002-04. Evidence from aerial photography of structural loss of coral reefs at Barbados, West Indies in CORAL REEFS
  • 1974-03. Effects of algal grazing and aggressive behaviour of the fishes Pomacentrus lividus and Acanthurus sohal on coral-reef ecology in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 1991-10. Increases in surgeonfish populations after mass mortality of the sea urchinDiadema antillarum in Panam√° indicate food limitation in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 1978-12. Analysis of the influence of substrate variables on coral reef fish communities in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 1997-06. Evolutionary ecology: how to reconcile pelagic dispersal with local adaptation in CORAL REEFS
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Environmental Biology of Fishes

    ISSUE

    4

    VOLUME

    72

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10641-004-2861-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10641-004-2861-1

    DIMENSIONS

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    40 schema:description We examined the abundance of blue tang surgeonfish, Acanthurus coeruleus, in each of three social modes (schooling, territorial, and wandering) in relation to size class, ecological variables, population density and time of day to discern potential determinants of social organization. We found individuals from all three social modes in all four fringing reef habitats (back reef, flat, crest and spur and groove zones) at our main site. Territorial tang density was highest in the flat zone, lowest in the spur and groove zone and negatively related to adult damselfish density. A higher proportion of tangs formed schools in reef zones with the highest densities of territorial damselfishes (spur and groove, crest). In the back reef and flat zones, where damselfish densities were very low, tangs rarely formed schools. Tangs in the wandering mode were most abundant in the back reef. The density of territorial tangs did not change with time of day, but non-territorial tangs tended to wander more in the morning and to form schools more at midday. Small yellow-phase juveniles were always territorial, and the incidence of territoriality decreased in the larger size classes, while schooling and wandering increased. Among similar fringing reefs, the incidence of territoriality increased with increasing population density. These data suggest that life history stage, damselfish density, and conspecific population density are important determinants of blue tang social organization.
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