Does Medical Acceleration Improve Outcomes in Ulcerative Colitis Patients Who Are in Clinical Remission but Have Endoscopic Inflammation? View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-11

AUTHORS

Ji Young Chang, Jae Hee Cheon, Yehyun Park, Soo Jung Park, Tae-Il Kim, Won-Ho Kim

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Discrepancies between clinical symptoms and mucosal inflammation have been reported in up to 50% of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). However, there are no guidelines and only limited information for appropriate treatment manipulation. AIM: We aimed to evaluate long-term outcomes according to treatment strategies and determine predictive factors for disease relapse in UC patients who are in clinical remission (CR) but still have endoscopic inflammation. METHODS: A total of 204 patients who were confirmed as achieving CR but still had mucosal inflammation were included. CR was defined as "partial Mayo score ≤ 1" with no changes in medications or use of any corticosteroids during the past 3 months. An active mucosal lesion was defined as "endoscopic Mayo subscore > 0." RESULTS: The mean patient age was 43.5 years, and 53.9% were male. The mean disease duration was 89.9 months. During a mean follow-up of 34 months, 90 patients (44%) experienced disease relapse. The cumulative relapse-free rate did not differ by treatment strategy (maintenance of current therapy vs. dose elevation or step-up therapy). Multivariate analysis revealed that left-side colitis or pancolitis at diagnosis (OR 2.10; 95% CI 1.04-4.27; P = 0.040) and number of extraintestinal manifestations ≥ 2 (OR 5.62; 95% CI 1.10-28.68; P = 0.038) were independent predictive factors for disease relapse. CONCLUSIONS: The current medical acceleration treatment strategy did not have a significant influence on the long-term outcomes of UC patients in CR but with active mucosal inflammation. Disease extent at diagnosis and extraintestinal manifestations were independently predictive of disease relapse. More... »

PAGES

3041-3048

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10620-018-5193-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10620-018-5193-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105439918

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29987626


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43 schema:description BACKGROUND: Discrepancies between clinical symptoms and mucosal inflammation have been reported in up to 50% of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). However, there are no guidelines and only limited information for appropriate treatment manipulation. AIM: We aimed to evaluate long-term outcomes according to treatment strategies and determine predictive factors for disease relapse in UC patients who are in clinical remission (CR) but still have endoscopic inflammation. METHODS: A total of 204 patients who were confirmed as achieving CR but still had mucosal inflammation were included. CR was defined as "partial Mayo score ≤ 1" with no changes in medications or use of any corticosteroids during the past 3 months. An active mucosal lesion was defined as "endoscopic Mayo subscore > 0." RESULTS: The mean patient age was 43.5 years, and 53.9% were male. The mean disease duration was 89.9 months. During a mean follow-up of 34 months, 90 patients (44%) experienced disease relapse. The cumulative relapse-free rate did not differ by treatment strategy (maintenance of current therapy vs. dose elevation or step-up therapy). Multivariate analysis revealed that left-side colitis or pancolitis at diagnosis (OR 2.10; 95% CI 1.04-4.27; P = 0.040) and number of extraintestinal manifestations ≥ 2 (OR 5.62; 95% CI 1.10-28.68; P = 0.038) were independent predictive factors for disease relapse. CONCLUSIONS: The current medical acceleration treatment strategy did not have a significant influence on the long-term outcomes of UC patients in CR but with active mucosal inflammation. Disease extent at diagnosis and extraintestinal manifestations were independently predictive of disease relapse.
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