Age and Prevalence of Esophageal Reflux Disease in Japanese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: The Dogo Study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-09-22

AUTHORS

Yoshio Ikeda, Shinya Furukawa, Takenori Sakai, Tetsuji Niiya, Hiroaki Miyaoka, Teruki Miyake, Shin Yamamoto, Hidenori Senba, Yasunori Yamamoto, Eiji Arimitsu, Sen Yagi, Hiroki Utsunomiya, Keiko Tanaka, Eiji Takeshita, Bunzo Matsuura, Yoshihiro Miyake, Yoichi Hiasa

ABSTRACT

BackgroundOnly limited epidemiological evidence exists regarding the relationship between age and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.AimThe purpose of the present study is to investigate this issue among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.MethodsA multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted in 847 Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Subjects were divided into quartiles according to age: (1) 19 ≤ age < 56, (2) 56 ≤ age < 64, (3) 64 ≤ age < 71, and (4) 71 ≤ age < 89. GERD was defined as present when a subject had a Carlsson–Dent self-administered questionnaire (QUEST) score ≥4.ResultsThe prevalence of GERD was 31.5 %. Younger age was independently associated with a higher prevalence of GERD: the adjusted odds ratios (95 % confidence intervals) for GERD in relation to age < 56, 56 ≤ age < 64, 64 ≤ age < 71, and ≥71 were 3.73 (2.16–6.53), 1.98 (1.21–3.27), 1.66 (1.05–2.68), and 1.00 (reference), respectively (P for trend = 0.001). Among 201 patients with PPI or histamine H2-receptor antagonist (H2RA), less than 56 years of age was independently positively associated with GERD: the adjusted OR was 5.68 (95 % CI 1.55–22.18) (P for trend = 0.02).ConclusionsYounger age may be independently positively associated with GERD among Japanese type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, regardless of the use of PPI or H2RA. More... »

PAGES

3530-3536

Journal

TITLE

Digestive Diseases and Sciences

ISSUE

12

VOLUME

61

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10620-016-4311-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10620-016-4311-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024081461

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27659672


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    "description": "BackgroundOnly limited epidemiological evidence exists regarding the relationship between age and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.AimThe purpose of the present study is to investigate this issue among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.MethodsA multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted in 847 Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Subjects were divided into quartiles according to age: (1) 19\u00a0\u2264\u00a0age\u00a0<\u00a056, (2) 56\u00a0\u2264\u00a0age\u00a0<\u00a064, (3) 64\u00a0\u2264\u00a0age\u00a0<\u00a071, and (4) 71\u00a0\u2264\u00a0age\u00a0<\u00a089. GERD was defined as present when a subject had a Carlsson\u2013Dent self-administered questionnaire (QUEST) score \u22654.ResultsThe prevalence of GERD was 31.5\u00a0%. Younger age was independently associated with a higher prevalence of GERD: the adjusted odds ratios (95\u00a0% confidence intervals) for GERD in relation to age\u00a0<\u00a056, 56\u00a0\u2264\u00a0age\u00a0<\u00a064, 64\u00a0\u2264\u00a0age\u00a0<\u00a071, and \u226571 were 3.73 (2.16\u20136.53), 1.98 (1.21\u20133.27), 1.66 (1.05\u20132.68), and 1.00 (reference), respectively (P for trend\u00a0=\u00a00.001). Among 201 patients with PPI or histamine H2-receptor antagonist (H2RA), less than 56\u00a0years of age was independently positively associated with GERD: the adjusted OR was 5.68 (95\u00a0% CI 1.55\u201322.18) (P for trend\u00a0=\u00a00.02).ConclusionsYounger age may be independently positively associated with GERD among Japanese type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, regardless of the use of PPI or H2RA.", 
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36 schema:description BackgroundOnly limited epidemiological evidence exists regarding the relationship between age and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.AimThe purpose of the present study is to investigate this issue among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.MethodsA multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted in 847 Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Subjects were divided into quartiles according to age: (1) 19 ≤ age < 56, (2) 56 ≤ age < 64, (3) 64 ≤ age < 71, and (4) 71 ≤ age < 89. GERD was defined as present when a subject had a Carlsson–Dent self-administered questionnaire (QUEST) score ≥4.ResultsThe prevalence of GERD was 31.5 %. Younger age was independently associated with a higher prevalence of GERD: the adjusted odds ratios (95 % confidence intervals) for GERD in relation to age < 56, 56 ≤ age < 64, 64 ≤ age < 71, and ≥71 were 3.73 (2.16–6.53), 1.98 (1.21–3.27), 1.66 (1.05–2.68), and 1.00 (reference), respectively (P for trend = 0.001). Among 201 patients with PPI or histamine H2-receptor antagonist (H2RA), less than 56 years of age was independently positively associated with GERD: the adjusted OR was 5.68 (95 % CI 1.55–22.18) (P for trend = 0.02).ConclusionsYounger age may be independently positively associated with GERD among Japanese type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, regardless of the use of PPI or H2RA.
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