Temporal and Spatial Dependence of Inflammatory Biomarkers and Suppression by Fluvastatin in Dextran Sodium Sulfate-Induced Rat Colitis Model View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-09

AUTHORS

Masaharu Oishi, Katsuji Tokuhara, Hirokazu Miki, Yoshito Tanaka, So Yamaki, Masaki Kaibori, Katsuhiko Yoshizawa, Takashi Yuri, Emi Yoshigai, Mikio Nishizawa, Tadayoshi Okumura, A-Hon Kwon

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis in rats is widely used as an experimental model for elucidating the etiology of ulcerative colitis (UC) and developing its novel remedy. We investigated the temporal and spatial changes in inflammatory mediators such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the regions of rectum and distal colon and examined whether statins, which were designed to lower plasma cholesterol levels, influenced those mediators. METHODS: Colitis was induced in rats by oral administration of 5 % DSS for 5 days, followed by 2 % DSS for 10 days. 5 % DSS rats were treated with fluvastatin (20 mg/kg) concomitantly for 5 days. The expression of inflammatory mediators of a sequence of four regions in rectum (R) and distal colon (D0, D1, and D2) was determined by quantitative RT-PCR. RESULTS: The peak of colitic damage, which was confirmed clinically and histopathologically, was found on days 4-6. The expression of TNF-α, iNOS, cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant-1, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6 mRNA increased in R time dependently, showing the peak on days 4-6, and then decreased thereafter. The levels of mRNAs reduced from R to D0, D1, and D2 region dependently. Fluvastatin decreased the expression of these markers in addition to the prevention of DSS-induced damage. CONCLUSIONS: Results demonstrated that the expression of inflammatory biomarkers had time and region specificity and was markedly inhibited by fluvastatin. To obtain a precise drug effect for UC, it is important to elucidate the temporal and spatial dependence of inflammatory biomarkers in DSS colitis model. More... »

PAGES

2126-2135

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10620-014-3163-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10620-014-3163-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032844028

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24781162


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