Effect of short-time treatment with TNF-α on stem cell activity and barrier function in enteroids View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2021-07-16

AUTHORS

Yuki Saito, Makoto Shimizu, Ken Iwatsuki, Hikaru Hanyu, Miki Tadaishi, Yoshiko Sugita-Konishi, Kazuo Kobayashi-Hattori

ABSTRACT

Although tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is a known major inflammatory mediator in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and has various effects on intestinal epithelial cell (IEC) homeostasis, the changes in IECs in the early inflammatory state induced during short-time treatment (24 h) with TNF-α remain unclear. In this study, we investigated TNF-α-induced alterations in IECs in the early inflammatory state using mouse jejunal organoids (enteroids). Of the inflammatory cytokines, i.e., TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-17, only TNF-α markedly increased the mRNA level of macrophage inflammatory protein 2 (MIP-2; the mouse homologue of interleukin-8), which is induced in the early stages of inflammation. TNF-α stimulation (3 h and 6 h) decreased the mRNA level of the stem cell markers leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptor 5 (Lgr5) and polycomb group ring finger 4 and the progenitor cell marker prominin-1, which is also known as CD133. In addition, TNF-α treatment (24 h) decreased the number of Lgr5-positive cells and enteroid proliferation. TNF-α stimulation at 3 h and 6 h also decreased the mRNA level of chromogranin A and mucin 2, which are respective markers of enteroendocrine and goblet cells. Moreover, enteroids treated with TNF-α (24 h) not only decreased the integrity of tight junctions and cytoskeletal components but also increased intercellular permeability in an influx test with fluorescent dextran, indicating disrupted intestinal barrier function. Taken together, our findings indicate that short-time treatment with TNF-α promotes the inflammatory response and decreases intestinal stem cell activity and barrier function. More... »

PAGES

669-682

References to SciGraph publications

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10616-021-00487-y

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10616-021-00487-y

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34349355


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