Genetic analysis and uncertain taxonomic status of threatened Foskett Spring speckled dace View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2009-07-28

AUTHORS

William R. Ardren, Jason Baumsteiger, Chris S. Allen

ABSTRACT

Foskett Spring is a small isolated desert spring in the Warner Basin of Oregon containing an undescribed subspecies of speckled dace protected under the US Endangered Species Act. Uncertainty regarding the taxonomic status of Foskett dace has raised questions about their evolutionary relationship to other more abundant populations in the Warner Basin. To address these questions, we sequenced 1,982 base pairs (bp) of the ND2 and cyt-b genes of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) for 85 fish from Foskett Spring, the surrounding Warner Basin, and the adjacent Goose Lake Basin. We observed 58 unique mtDNA haplotypes defined by 96 bp substitutions in both genes. MtDNA sequences were highly divergent and reciprocally monophyletic between dace from the Warner and Goose Lake Basins, with sequence divergences (5 and 3% at ND2 and cyt-b, respectively) in the range usually observed between fish species. In contrast, mean sequence divergence between Foskett dace and other Warner Basin populations was less than 1%, with no evidence of reciprocal monophyly among mtDNA lineages. These results indicate that Foskett dace and other populations in the Warner Basin are approximately equally diverged from one another evolutionarily, suggesting similar times of divergence since the late Pleistocene. We believe further studies are needed to determine if rapid evolution of novel traits have occurred in dace inhabiting the unique ecological setting of Foskett Spring during the past 10,000 years. More... »

PAGES

1299-1315

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10592-009-9959-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10592-009-9959-0

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024943220


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