Linking two centuries of tree growth and glacier dynamics with climate changes in Kamchatka View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2014-03-03

AUTHORS

Jiri Dolezal, Jan Altman, Valentina P. Vetrova, Toshihiko Hara

ABSTRACT

Glaciers around the world retreated as the climate warmed substantially. For the majority of alpine and arctic areas, however, the lack of meteorological data over a long period makes it difficult to build long-term climate and glacial fluctuation relationships, emphasizing the importance of natural proxy archives. Here we use the 230-year record of stem radial growth of birch trees (Betula ermanii) from the treeline forests above the receding glaciers in eastern maritime Kamchatka to analyse temporal variations of climate as well as glacial advance and retreat. Glaciers in Kamchatka Peninsula represent the southern limit of glaciation in far eastern Eurasia, which makes them prone to global warming. Using instrumental climate data (1930–1996) from local meteorological stations, we find that the July temperature had most prominent positive impact on birch growth. On the contrary, smaller ring increments are associated with the positive summer and net annual ice mass balance of Koryto Glacier. The prevailing trend of higher summer temperatures and lower snowfall over the past 70 years has enhanced tree growth while causing the glacier’s surface to lower by about 35 m and its front to retreat by about 490 m. Assuming these same relationships between climate, tree growth, and glacier mass balance also existed in the past, we use tree rings as a proxy record of climatically induced temporary halts in the glacier’s retreat over the past two centuries, which in total was over 1,000 m. Both direct observations and tree ring proxies indicate several prolonged warm periods (1990s, 1960s, 1930–1940s, 1880–1900s) interspersed with cooler periods (1984–1985, 1970–1976, 1953–1957, 1912–1926, 1855–1875, 1830–1845, 1805–1820 and 1770–1780) when the glacier re-advanced, creating several consecutive terminal moraine ridges. We conclude that birch tree-rings are suitable for assessing tree growth/climate/glacial relationships over a longer timescale in maritime Kamchatka. More... »

PAGES

207-220

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2012-01-10. Continent-wide response of mountain vegetation to climate change in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
  • 2011-08-24. Changes in Tree Growth, Biomass and Vegetation Over a 13-Year Period in the Swedish Sub-Arctic in AMBIO
  • 2003. Alpine Plant Life, Functional Plant Ecology of High Mountain Ecosystems in NONE
  • 2009-11-10. High Arctic vegetation after 70 years: a repeated analysis from Svalbard in POLAR BIOLOGY
  • 2013-02-13. Plant diversity changes and succession along resource availability and disturbance gradients in Kamchatka in PLANT ECOLOGY
  • 2011-08-24. Current State of the Altai Glaciers (Russia) and Trends Over the Period of Instrumental Observations 19522008 in AMBIO
  • 2011-08-24. Multi-Decadal Changes in Tundra Environments and Ecosystems: Synthesis of the International Polar Year-Back to the Future Project (IPY-BTF) in AMBIO
  • 2012-01-27. Abrupt climate change in the Arctic in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
  • 2003. Forest Vegetation of Easternmost Russia (Russian Far East) in FOREST VEGETATION OF NORTHEAST ASIA
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10584-014-1093-4

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-014-1093-4

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