Recent and projected increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide and the potential impacts on growth and alkaloid production in wild poppy ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2008-12

AUTHORS

Lewis H. Ziska, Sini Panicker, Heidi L. Wojno

ABSTRACT

In the current study, we quantified changes in the growth and alkaloid content of wild poppy, (Papaver setigerum) as a function of recent and projected changes in global atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration, [CO2]. The experimental [CO2] values (300, 400, 500 and 600μmol mol−1) correspond roughly to the concentrations that existed during the middle of the twentieth century, the current concentration, and near and long-term projections for the current century (2050 and 2090), respectively. Additional carbon dioxide resulted in significant increases in leaf area and above ground biomass for P. setigerum at all [CO2] relative to the 300μmol mol−1 baseline. Reproductively, increasing [CO2] from 300 to 600μmol mol−1 increased the number of capsules, capsule weight and latex production by 3.6, 3.0 and 3.7×, respectively, on a per plant basis. Quantification of secondary compounds (i.e. those not involved in primary metabolism) included the alkaloids morphine, codeine, papaverine and noscapine. The amount of all alkaloids increased significantly on a per plant basis, with the greatest relative increase occurring with recent increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide (e.g. from 300 to 400μmol mol−1). Overall, these data suggest that as atmospheric [CO2] continues to increase, significant effects on the production of secondary plant compounds of pharmacological interest (i.e. opiates) could be expected. More... »

PAGES

395

References to SciGraph publications

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10584-008-9418-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-008-9418-9

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132 schema:name Crop Systems and Global Change Laboratory, USDA-ARS, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, 20705, Beltsville, MD, USA
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