Preliminary Reconstructions of the North Atlantic Oscillation and the Southern Oscillation Index from Measures of Wind Strength and Direction Taken ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2005-11

AUTHORS

P. D. Jones, M. Salmon

ABSTRACT

Using measures of wind strength and direction taken onboard ships during the 1750–1850 (CLIWOC project) period, preliminary reconstructions are attempted for the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI). The reconstructions are based on regression equations developed using similar data from the ICOADS dataset. Although the regression relationships developed over a calibration period (1881–1940) work almost as well over an independent verification period (1941–1997), application to the earlier 1750–1850 period results in barely statistically significant correlation coefficients when compared with a number of other NAO and SOI reconstructions from other proxy and long instrumental sources. A number of possibilities are investigated to attempt to determine the cause, the most likely of which is that the number of observations available for the CLIWOC period is just too low in some regions. As large numbers of ships' logbooks remain to be digitised, the regression relationships will prove useful to focus effort in future digitisation endeavours. More... »

PAGES

131-154

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2002-03. Reconstruction of sea level pressure fields over the Eastern North Atlantic and Europe back to 1500 in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 1999-09. Seasonal Temperature and Precipitation Fluctuations in Selected Parts of Europe During the Sixteenth Century in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • 2005-11. CLIWOC: A Climatological Database for the World's Oceans 1750–1854 in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • 1992-04. Fennoscandian summers from ad 500: temperature changes on short and long timescales in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2005-11. The Determination of Logbook Wind Force and Weather Terms: The English Case in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • 2005-11. Description of the Cliwoc Database in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • 2001. Early European Instrumental Records in HISTORY AND CLIMATE
  • 2005-11. Early Ship Observational Data and Icoads in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • 2005-11. Deriving Wind Force Terms from Nautical Reports Through Content Analysis. The Spanish and French Cases in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • 2005-06. Historical Climatology In Europe – The State Of The Art in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • 2005-11. Determination of Wind Force and Present Weather Terms: The Dutch Case in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • 2005-11. An Examination of the Accuracy and Consistency of Ships' Logbook Weather Observations and Records in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • 1995-12. Wind direction in Southern Sweden 1740–1992: Variation and correlation with temperature and zonality in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY
  • 2005-11. Description and General Background to Ships' Logbooks as a Source of Climatic Data in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • 2001-02. The Weather of the European Atlantic Seaboard During October 1805: An Exercise in Historical Climatology in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Climatic Change

    ISSUE

    1-2

    VOLUME

    73

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10584-005-6948-2

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-005-6948-2

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053320573


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