Possible autosomal origin of macro B chromosomes in two grasshopper species View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2008-04

AUTHORS

Vilma Loreto, Josefa Cabrero, Maria Dolores López-León, Juan Pedro M. Camacho, Maria José Souza

ABSTRACT

The acrocentric macro B chromosomes of Rhammatocerus brasiliensis (Acrididae, Gomphocerinae) and Xyleus discoideus angulatus (Romaleidae, Romaleinae) are highly similar to the X chromosome in each species in terms of morphology, size, and pycnosis. However, the results of FISH experiments using 45S and 5S rDNA probes suggest that in both species the B chromosomes are most likely of autosomal origin. In R. brasiliensis, the B chromosome presented 5S rDNA but not 45S rDNA, in resemblance to the L(2), L(3), M(5) and S(11) autosomes, but the X chromosome lacks both rDNA families. In X. d. angulatus, 45S rDNAs is absent from the B chromosome, whereas the X chromosome contains one of the two 45S rDNA clusters in the genome. The occurrence of B chromosomes in all nine R. brasiliensis populations analyzed indicates that they are widely distributed in Northeastern Brazil, and the small amount of interpopulation variation found for B chromosome prevalence suggests the existence of high gene flow, presumably due to the abundance of this grasshopper species on several types of vegetation and its relatively high flight capability. More... »

PAGES

233-241

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2003-04. Population variation in the A chromosome distribution of satellite DNA and ribosomal DNA in the grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans in CHROMOSOME RESEARCH
  • 1995-03. Changes in DNA methylation during development in the B chromosome NOR of the grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans in HEREDITY
  • 1997-08. Hybrid origin of a B chromosome (PSR) in the parasitic wasp Nasonia vitripennis in CHROMOSOMA
  • 1981-10. Extra heterochromatin in natural populations of Gomphocerus sibiricus (Orthoptera: Acrididae) in GENETICA
  • 1985-06. The B chromosome system of Omocestus bolivari: changes in B-behaviour in M4-polysomic B-males in HEREDITY
  • 1983-09. Cytogenetics of the parthenogenetic grasshopper Warramaba virgo and its bisexual relatives in CHROMOSOMA
  • 1998-06. No harmful effects of a selfish B chromosome on several morphological and physiological traits in Locusta migratoria (Orthoptera, Acrididae) in HEREDITY
  • 1993-04. Meiotic Behaviour of B Chromosomes in the Grasshopper Omocestus burri: A Case of Drive in Females in HEREDITAS
  • 1994-03. Possible origin of a B chromosome deduced from its DNA composition using double FISH technique in CHROMOSOME RESEARCH
  • 1965-09. The B-chromosome system of myrmeleotettix maculatus (Thunb.) in CHROMOSOMA
  • 1983-10. The chromosome system in three species of the genus Arcyptera II. Unstable B-chromosomes in A. fusca (Pall.) in GENETICA
  • 1989-01. Effects of supernumerary heterochromatin on chiasma condition in two species of Acrididae (Orthoptera) in GENETICA
  • 2003-12. Multiregional origin of B chromosomes in the grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans in CHROMOSOMA
  • 1995-01. Incorporation of subgenomic amounts of DNA as compensation for mutational load in a gynogenetic fish in NATURE
  • 1972-06. Differential Giemsa staining of heterochromatic B-chromosomes in Myrmeleotettix maculatus (Thunb.) (Orthoptera: Acrididae) in CHROMOSOMA
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10577-007-1188-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10577-007-1188-0

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18095175


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