Taurine Alleviates Chronic Social Defeat Stress-Induced Depression by Protecting Cortical Neurons from Dendritic Spine Loss View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-04-18

AUTHORS

Yuanyuan Zhu, Rui Wang, Ze Fan, Danlei Luo, Guohong Cai, Xinyang Li, Jiao Han, Lixia Zhuo, Li Zhang, Haifeng Zhang, Yan Li, Shengxi Wu

ABSTRACT

Abnormal amino acid metabolism in neural cells is involved in the occurrence and development of major depressive disorder. Taurine is an important amino acid required for brain development. Here, microdialysis combined with metabonomic analysis revealed that the level of taurine in the extracellular fluid of the cerebral medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) was significantly reduced in mice with chronic social defeat stress (CSDS)-induced depression. Therefore, taurine supplementation may be usable an intervention for depression. We found that taurine supplementation effectively rescued immobility time during a tail suspension assay and improved social avoidance behaviors in CSDS mice. Moreover, taurine treatment protected CSDS mice from impairments in dendritic complexity, spine density, and the proportions of different types of spines. The expression of N-methyl d-aspartate receptor subunit 2A, an important synaptic receptor, was largely restored in the mPFC of these mice after taurine supplementation. These results demonstrated that taurine exerted an antidepressive effect by protecting cortical neurons from dendritic spine loss and synaptic protein deficits. More... »

PAGES

1-14

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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10571-022-01218-3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10571-022-01218-3

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1147186754

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35435537


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