LncRNA TUG1 compromised neuronal mitophagy in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury by targeting sirtuin 1 View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2022-03-28

AUTHORS

Long-xing Xue, Song-feng Chen, Shi-xing Xue, Pei-dong Liu, Hong-bo Liu

ABSTRACT

BackgroundMitophagy protects against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (CI/R)–induced neuronal apoptosis via mitochondrial clearance. Although taurine-upregulated gene 1 (lncRNA TUG1) has been proposed to be involved in the neuronal apoptosis evoked by CI/R, its specific role in mitophagy during the progression of CI/R injury remains unknown.MethodsThe CI/R rat model was established using middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R). Human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y was subjected to oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R). Ubiquitination assay, co-immunoprecipitation assay, RNA pull-down, and RNA immunoprecipitation were used to determine the interplay among TUG1, sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), and F-box and WD repeat domain-containing 7 (FBXW7).ResultsThe upregulation of the TUG1 level and downregulation of the mitophagy were observed in both MCAO/R-treated rats and OGD/R-treated cells. The administration of si-TUG1 (a siRNA directed against TUG1) potentiated mitophagy and suppressed neuronal apoptosis in OGD/R-treated cells. However, the neuroprotective effect of si-TUG1 was reversed by mitophagy inhibitor or SIRT1 knockdown in vitro. Functionally, TUG1 enhanced FBXW7-mediated SIRT1 ubiquitination by upregulating FBXW7 expression. The overexpression of FBXW7 abrogated the si-TUG1-reinforced mitophagy by decreasing SIRT1 expression, thus aggravating neuronal apoptosis in the OGD/R+si-TUG1-treated cells. In rats with MCAO/R, the interference of TUG1 clearly decreased neuronal apoptosis, lessened the infarct volume, and relieved the neurological deficits.ConclusionTUG1 knockdown promotes SIRT1-induced mitophagy by suppressing FBXW7-mediated SIRT1 degradation, thus relieving the neuronal apoptosis induced by CI/R injury.Graphical abstractLncRNA TUG1 promotes neuronal apoptosis through inhibition of mitophagy. TUG1 decreased SIRT1 expression by promoting FBXW7-mediated SIRT1 ubiquitination. FBXW7/SIRT1 axis mediated the effect of TUG1 on OGD/R-induced neuronal apoptosis by regulating mitophagy. More... »

PAGES

1-16

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10565-022-09700-w

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10565-022-09700-w

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1146682086

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35348966


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