Assessing the biocompatibility of bovine tendon scaffold, a step forward in tendon tissue engineering View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2022-05-21

AUTHORS

Elahe Khakpour, Amin Tavassoli, Nasser Mahdavi-Shahri, Maryam M. Matin

ABSTRACT

Tendon is a collagen-enriched, tough, and intricately arranged connective tissue that connects muscle to the bone and transmits forces, resulting in joint movement. High mechanical demands can affect normal tissues and may lead to severe disorders, which usually require replacement of the damaged tendon. In recent decades, various decellularization methods have been studied for tissue engineering applications. One of the major challenges in tendon decellularization is preservation of the tendon extracellular matrix (ECM) architecture to maintain natural tissue characteristics. The aim of the present study was to create a decellularized bovine Achilles tendon scaffold to investigate its cytocompatibility with seeded hAd‐MSCs (human adipose derived-mesenchymal stem cells) and blastema tissue in vitro. Here, we describe a reliable procedure to decellularize bovine Achilles tendon using a combination of physical and chemical treatments including repetitive freeze–thaw cycles and the ionic detergent SDS, respectively. The decellularization effectiveness and cytocompatibility of the tendon scaffolds were verified by histological studies and scanning electron microscopy for up to 30 days after culture. Histological studies revealed hAd‐MSC attachment and penetration into the scaffolds at 5, 10, 15 and 20 days of culture. However, a decrease in cell number was observed on days 25 and 30 after culture in vitro. Moreover, migration of the blastema tissue cells into the scaffold were shown at 10 to 25 days post culture, however, destruction of the scaffolds and reduction in cell number were observed on 30th day after culture. Our results suggest that this decellularization protocol is an effective and biocompatible procedure which supports the maintenance and growth of both hAd‐MSCs and blastema cells, and thus might be promising for tendon tissue engineering. More... »

PAGES

1-14

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10561-022-10012-w

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10561-022-10012-w

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1148059494

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35596907


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203 grid-institutes:grid.411301.6 schema:alternateName Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
204 Division of Biotechnology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
205 schema:name Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
206 Division of Biotechnology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
207 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




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