New Insights in the Treatment Strategy for Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2006-10

AUTHORS

Makoto Sahara, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Yasushi Imai, Toshiaki Nakajima, Atsushi Yao, Toshihiro Morita, Yasunobu Hirata, Ryozo Nagai

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Recent advances in our understanding of the pathophysiological and molecular mechanisms involved in pulmonary arterial hypertension have led to the development of novel and rational pharmacological therapies. In addition to conventional therapy (i.e., supplemental oxygen and calcium channel blockers), prostacyclin or endothelin receptor antagonists have been recommended as a first-line therapy for pulmonary arterial hypertension. However, these treatments have potential limitations with regard to their long-term efficacy and improvement in survival. Furthermore, intravenous prostacyclin (epoprostenol) therapy, which is recommended by most experts for patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class IV, is complicated, uncomfortable for patients, and expensive because of the cumbersome administration system. Considering these circumstances, it is necessary to develop additional novel therapeutic approaches that target the various components of this multifactorial disease. CASE REPORT: In this short review, we present an overview of the current treatment options for pulmonary arterial hypertension and describe a case report with primary pulmonary hypertension. A male patient with NYHA functional class IV and showing no response to calcium channel blockers and prostacyclin exhibited significantly improved exercise tolerance and hemodynamics and long-term survival for more than 2.5 years after receiving an oral combination therapy of a phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor (sildenafil), phosphodiesterase type 3 inhibitor (pimobendan), and nicorandil. FUTURE PERSPECTIVE: We also discuss the background and plausible potential mechanisms involved in this case, as well as future perspectives in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. More... »

PAGES

377-386

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10557-006-0498-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10557-006-0498-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019814132

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17124557


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