The guardians of the genome (p53, TA-p73, and TA-p63) are regulators of tumor suppressor miRNAs network View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2010-10-05

AUTHORS

Lakshmanane Boominathan

ABSTRACT

The tumor suppressor p53 homologues, TA-p73, and p63 have been shown to function as tumor suppressors. However, how they function as tumor suppressors remains elusive. Here, I propose a number of tumor suppressor pathways that illustrate how the TA-p73 and p63 could function as negative regulators of invasion, metastasis, and cancer stem cells (CSCs) proliferation. Furthermore, I provide molecular insights into how TA-p73 and p63 could function as tumor suppressors. Remarkably, the guardians—p53, p73, and p63—of the genome are in control of most of the known tumor suppressor miRNAs, tumor suppressor genes, and metastasis suppressors by suppressing c-myc through miR-145/let-7/miR-34/TRIM32/PTEN/FBXW7. In particular, p53 and TA-p73/p63 appear to upregulate the expression of (1) tumor suppressor miRNAs, such as let-7, miR-34, miR-15/16a, miR-145, miR-29, miR-26, miR-30, and miR-146a; (2) tumor suppressor genes, such as PTEN, RBs, CDKN1a/b/c, and CDKN2a/b/c/d; (3) metastasis suppressors, such as Raf kinase inhibitory protein, CycG2, and DEC2, and thereby they enlarge their tumor suppressor network to inhibit tumorigenesis, invasion, angiogenesis, migration, metastasis, and CSCs proliferation. More... »

PAGES

613-639

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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10555-010-9257-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10555-010-9257-9

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018046363

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20922462


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