The effect of occasional smoking on smoking-related cancers View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2006-12

AUTHORS

Bine Kjøller Bjerregaard, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Mette Sørensen, Kirsten Frederiksen, Anne Tjønneland, Sabine Rohrmann, Jakob Linseisen, Manuela M. Bergman, Heiner Boeing, Sabina Sieri, Domenico Palli, Rosario Tumino, Carlotta Sacerdote, H. Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Frederike L. Büchner, Inger Torhild Gram, Tonje Braaten, Eiliv Lund, Göran Hallmans, Åsa Ågren, Elio Riboli

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Most studies on tobacco smoking have focused on daily-smokers. Occasional smokers, who have never smoked daily, have often been included in the reference group of never-smokers. We have investigated the association between occasional smoking and cancer of the bladder, kidney, pancreas, upper aero-digestive tract and lung. METHODS: The study population consisted of 158,488 persons, who provided information on occasional smoking, within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), 780 of whom developed a smoking-related cancer. We used Cox proportional hazard model, stratified by gender and country to estimate incidence rate ratios (IRR) for smoking-related cancers. RESULTS: The results suggest that occasional smokers have a higher risk of bladder cancer (IRR: 1.92, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.93-3.98) and of the major smoking-related cancers combined (IRR: 1.24, 95% CI 0.80-1.94) than true never-smokers. Including occasional smokers in the reference group resulted in a lower risk estimate for former and current smokers. CONCLUSIONS: Occasional smoking should be discouraged. More... »

PAGES

1305-1309

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10552-006-0068-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10552-006-0068-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021826635

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17111263


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